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THE RUDDIMANS 






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THE RUDDIMANS MENTIONED IN 
THIS HISTORY 



Agnes 

Ruddiman 

No. III. 



Barbara, dtr. of = 

Edward Scollay of 

Odness, M. 10th Dec. 

1704, D. 6th Oct. 

Bur. 8th Oct. 1710 

in Greyfriars, Edin. 

No. IV. 



— — - Thomas ■= 

Ruddiman 

B, Boyndie, Oct. 

1K74, D. 19th Jan. 

Bur. 21st Jan. 1757 

in Greyfriars, Edin. 

No. IV. ' 



Janet, dtr. of 



(S) 
Anne, dtr. of 



I 
Elizabeth 
Ruddiman 
D. young 
before Oct. 
1711 
No. IV. 



I 

Thomas 

Ruddiman 

Bap. 5th Oct. 1708 

Edinburgh 

D. young 

before Oct. 1711 

No. IV. 



I 

Archibald 

Kuddiman 

Bap. 10th Jan. 

1710, Edin. 

D. young 

after Oct. 1711 

No. rv. 



John Horsbrugh 


Thomas Smith 


Parson of Lyne 


Edinburgh, B. 1694 


M. 1711, D. 28th 


51. 29th Sept. 1729 


Bur. 30th Aug. 1728 


D. 13th Oct. 1769 


in Greyfriars 


Bur. in Greyfriars 


Edinburgh 


Edinburgh 


No. IV. 


No. IV. 





Elizabeth 
Ruddiman 
B. Edin. 
1 4th Aug. 

1712 
D. young 
No. IV. 



Tbomas 

Ruddiman 

B. Edin., 4th Jan. 

1714, D. 9th Sept. 

Bur. 11th Sept. 

1747 in Greyfriars 

Edinburgh 

No. V. 



William 
Ruddiman 
D. young 
Bur. 24th 
Feb. 1722 
in Greyfriars 
Edinburgh 
No. IV. 



James disonl 
Kuddiman B. 
D. young [, 4th 

Bur. in ). "th 
Greyfriars ur. ii 
Edin. 16th Ed 
Oct. 1740 N 

No. IV. 



James = 
Gardener 
No. IX. 




Archibald = 
Johnston 
B. 12th May 1844 
Edinburgh 



- Amelia Harriet 

dtr. of Philip 

Whitehead 

M. 25th July 1876 

Chiswick 



William 

Johnston 

B. 13th Oct. 1847 

D. 15th Nov. 1863 

Bur. Warriston 

Cemetery 

Edinburgh 



Thomas Ruddiman 

Johnston 

B. 30th July 1819 

Edinburgh 



= Alice Matilda 
dtr. of John 
Beale Mvdlins 
M. 15th Dec. 1894 



Archibald Douglas 


Alexander Keith 


Winifred Jean 


Daisy 


Annie Florence 


Johnston 


Johnston 


Johnston 


Johnston 


Johnston 


B. 22nd Sept. 1878 


B. 2nd Oct. 1881 




D. Inf. 





THE 



R U DD I MAN S 



IN SCOTLAND 



THEIR HISTORY AND WORKS 



BY 



GEORGE HARVEY JOHNSTON 

F.R.G.S. 
MEMBER OF THE SCOTTISH HISTORY SOCIETY, ETC. 



' 



•;>•" 



O H \1 iQfil : 






,> y 




PRINTED BY W. & A. K. JOHNSTON, LIMITED 

EDINBURGH AND LONDON 

MCMI 



TO MY MOTHER 

JANE RUDDI MAN 

THE LAST OF HER FAMILY 

THESE NOTES 

ARE AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED 



Preface. 



Preface. 



IN 1887 I issued what I may now call the first edition of this little work, 
entitled, Notes on the Ruddimans, and since then so much more 
information about the family has come to hand that I have resolved 
to print this second edition in the hope that it will prove of interest to all 
descendants and connections of worthy Thomas Ruddiman, who did so much 
to preserve the Latin tongue in Scotland. 

The first edition was royal 4to (io«i2| inches) in size, bound full 
morocco. It was limited to twenty-five copies, of which only fourteen were 
issued, and contained twenty-five pages of letterpress, a very small portion 
of each being occupied by notes printed in large type. The illustrations 
consisted of a chalked copy of De Nune's portrait of Thomas Ruddiman, 
and of the portrait of Walter Ruddiman, junior, painted in 1777. There 
were also silhouettes of my father and mother, and separate pedigrees of the 
Ruddimans, Ramsays, and Kers of Morriston. So the reader will be able 
to compare the two editions. 

Although a comparison will show the great increase of this edition over 

the first, it by no means represents the amount of work done, the many 

hours and days of fruitless search for some desired date or name are not 

represented in these pages. In conclusion, I must express my indebtedness 

and my sincere thanks to James Steuart, W.S., and A. Francis Steuart, 

Advocate, both descendants of the Grammarian, for much information kindly 

vii 



Preface. 

given, and for allowing me to reproduce many of their family portraits. I 
have also to thank the Rev. J. G. Ledingham, M.A., parish minister of 
Boyndie, for all the trouble he has taken on my behalf, and for the valuable 
notes he has sent me. To the Keepers of the Advocates and Signet 
Libraries I am most grateful for the courteous manner in which they 
allowed me to consult many books and papers, and for all the help they 
have given me. G. H. J. 

Edinburgh, 

June 1 90 1. 



viu 



Contents. 



Contents. 



Preface 
Pedigrees . 
Illustrations 
Authorities 
Introduction 

I. Andrew Simson, 1600- 

II. James Ruddiman, 1640-1707 (son-in-law of No. I.) 
III. Agnes Ruddiman (elder daughter of No. II.) 
IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757 (eldest son of No. II.) . 
V. Thomas Ruddiman, 1714-1747 (son of No. IV.) . 
VI. Alison Ruddiman (Mrs Steuart), 1730-1806 (daughter of No. IV.) 
VII. James Ruddiman, c. 1680-1739 (second son of No. II.) 
VIII. James Ruddiman (eldest son of No. VII.) 
IX. Thomas Ruddiman (second son of No. VII.) 
X. John Ruddiman, -1744 (third son of No. VII.) 

XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781 (fourth son of No. VII.) 
XII. Thomas Ruddiman, 1755-1825 (eldest son of No. XI.) . 

XIII. William Ramsay Ruddiman, 1788-1807 (eldest son of No. XII.) 

XIV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1790- 1839 (second son of No XII.) 
XV. Jane Ruddiman (Mrs Johnston), 1817-1892 (daughter of No. XIV. 

XVI. Walter Ruddiman, 1793-94 (third son of No. XII.) 
XVII. Walter Ruddiman, 1794-1813 (fourth son of No. XII.) 
XVIII. James Stear Ruddiman, 1798-1836 (fifth son of No. XII.) 
XIX. David Ramsay Ruddiman, 1804 (sixth son of No. XII.) 
XX. Christian Ruddiman, 1791-1854 (eldest daughter of No. XII.) 
XXI. Janet Ruddiman, 1796- (second daughter of No. XII.) 

XXII. Margaret Mansfield Ruddiman, 1800-1841 (third daughter of No. 



XII.) 



PAGE 

vii 
x 

xi 
xiii 
xv 

1 
2 

3 

4-27 
28-29 
3o-32 
33-34 

35 

36 

37-3S 

39-51 

52-56 

57-53 
59-63 
64-67 
68 
68 
69 
69 
70 
7i 
7i 



IX 



Contents. 



XXIII. Agnes Ruddiman, 1801-1803 (fourth daughter of No. XII.) 

XXIV. Alison Steuart Ruddiman, 1802-1884 (fifth daughter of No. XII.) 
XXV. John Ruddiman Ker, -1816 (second son of No. XI.) 

XXVI. Walter Ruddiman, 1762-1823 (third son of No. XI.) . 

XXVII. Janet Ruddiman, 1761-1849 (daughter of No. XI.) 

XXVIII. John Ruddiman, -1742 (third son of No. II.) 

XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687-1770 (fourth son of No. II.) . 

XXX. Janet Ruddiman (Mrs Smith), (elder daughter of No. XXIX.) 

XXXI. Anne Ruddiman (Mrs Hutton), 1733-1810 (younger daughter of No. XXIX. 

XXXII. Helen Ruddiman (Mrs Reid), (younger daughter of No. II.) . 

Appendix A.— The Bradfutes ........ 

Appendix B. — The Duncansons ........ 

Appendix C. — Names in Supplementary Pedigree ..... 

Appendix D. -Ruddimans found in different Parish Registers, etc., but not Identified 
Appendix E. — Edinburgh Closes, etc., Referred to in this History . 

Addenda — Obituary Notices discovered too late to be inserted in proper places . 
Table of National and Local Events, 1603-1890 .... 

Index ........... 



PAOF. 
72 

72 

73-76 

77-79 
80-81 
82-83 
84-89 

90 
91-93 

94 

97-98 

99 

100-103 

104-105 

106-107 

108 

108 

109-1 15 



PEDIGREES. 



The Ruddimans 

The Addisons 

The Steuarts 

The Ramsays 

The Torrances 

The Kers . 

The Bradfutes 

The Duncansons 

The Ruddimans, Supplementary 



Pedigree 



Frontispiece 
Page 3 



Facing 



Facing 



3° 
55 
59 
75 
97-98 

99 
100 



Illustrations, 



PLATES. 



Illustrations. 



Armorial Bearings 

Map of Banff and Surrounding District 

Tombstone of James Ruddiman (No. II.) 

Portrait of Thomas Ruddiman (No. IV.) 

Portrait of Thomas Ruddiman (No. IV.) 

Portrait of Anne Smith (Mrs Ruddiman) (No. IV.) 

Memorial Window, King's College Library (No. IV.) 

Portrait of Alison Ruddiman (Mrs Steuart) (No. VI.) 

Portrait of James Ruddiman (No. VII.) 

Portrait of Walter Ruddiman, junior (No. XI.) 

Portrait of Walter Ruddiman, junior (No. XI.) 

Silhouette of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XIV). 

Silhouette of Jane Ruddiman (Mrs Johnston) (No. XV.) 

Portraits of Jane Ruddiman (Mrs Johnston) (No. XV.) 

Uniform of Stewart's Regiment, Scots Brigade (No. XXVI.) 

Portrait of Walter Ruddiman, senior (No. XXIX.) 

Portrait of Janet Duncanson (Mrs Ruddiman) (No. XXIX.) 

Silhouettes of (?) Walter and Mrs Ruddiman (No. XXIX.) 

View of Melville Paper Mill, Lasswade (No. XXIX.) 

Silhouette of (?) Janet Ruddiman (Mrs Smith) (No. XXX.) 

Silhouette of Anne Ruddiman (Mrs Hutton) (No. XXXI.) . 

Portrait of Dr William Ruddiman (Appendix C, Note N.) 



Face page xvi 



xvm 
2 

12 

14 
18 
24 
32 

34 
40 
48 
62 
64 
66 
73 
84 
86 
88 
88 
90 
90 
102 



Illustrations. 



ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT. 



Janet Horsbrugh's (Mrs Ruddiman) (No. IV.) Signature 

Thomas Ruddiman's (No. IV.) Monument in New Greyfriars Church 

Anne Smith's (Mrs Ruddiman) (No. IV.) Signature 

Thomas Ruddiman's (No. IV.) Signature 

Thomas Ruddiman's (No. IV.) Book Plate 

Thomas Ruddiman's (No. V.) Signature 

Alison Ruddiman's (Mrs Steuart) (No. VI.) Signature 

James Steuart's (No. VI.) Signature 

John Ruddiman's (No. X.) Signature 

Title Page Edinburgh Magazine 

Title Page Weekly Magazine . 

Title Page Weekly Mercury 

Title Page Edinburgh Magazine 

Walter Ruddiman's (No. XI.) Signature 

Title Leith Commercial Post 

William Ramsay Ruddiman's (No. XIII.) Signature 

Thomas Ruddiman's (No. XIV.) Signature . 

Helen Ruddiman's, nee Torrance (No. XIV.), Signature 

Jane Ruddiman's (Mrs Johnston) (No. XV.) Portrait 

Jane Ruddiman's (Mrs Johnston) (No. XV.) Signatures 

James Stear Ruddiman's (No. XVIII.) Signature 

John Ruddiman's (No. XXVIII.) Signature . 

Isobel Milne's (Mrs Ruddiman) (No. XXVIII.) Signature 

Alexander Milne's Signature .... 

Walter Ruddiman's (No. XXIX.) Signature . 

John Hutton's (No. XXXI.) Signature 



PAGE 
7 

17 
19 
20 
20 
29 
32 
32 
38 
40 
41 
48 

49 
5° 
54 
57 
63 
63 
64 
66 
69 
83 
83 
S3 
89 
9' 



xn 



Authorities. 



Authorities. 



Aberdeen, Commissariot of. 

A. B. G. Works and Life of Robert Fergusson, poet, 1851, 8vo. 

Aitchison. Directory of Edinburgh, 1799, 8vo. 

Allibone, S. A. Critical Dictionary, 1859-91, 5 vols., large 8vo. 

Alvah Parish Registers. 

Army Lists, 1 793- 1 824. 

Arnot, H. History of Edinburgh up to 1780, large 8vo. 

Banff Parish Registers. 

Bos well, J. Life of Johnson. 

Boyndie Parish Registers. 

Brown, J. Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions in Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, 1867, 8vo. 

Burke. General Armory, 1847, 8vo. 

Caledonian Mercury. 

Canongate Parish Registers. 

Chalmers, G. Life of Thomas Ruddiman, 1794, 8vo. 

Chambers, Robert. History of the Rebellion in Scotland, 1827, 2 vols., 8vo. 

Chambers's Biographical Dictionary, 1835-55, 5 vols., Svo. 

Cramond, W. Annals of Banff, 1891-93, 2 vols., 4to. 

Cramond, W. Church and Churchyard of Boyndie. 

Crichton Parish Registers. 

Deeds in Register House, Edinburgh. 

Denovan & Co. Directory of Edinburgh, 1804, 8vo. 

Deuchar, Alexander. British Crests, i860, 8vo. 

Dickson, W. K. Historical Geography of the Clans of Scotland, 1899, 4to. 

Dictionary of National Biography. 

Dobson, W. T. History of the Bassandyne Bible, 1887. 

Duncan, A. Elogia Sepulchralia Edinburgena, 1 8 14. 

Dunsyre Parish Register. 

Edinburgh Annual Register. 

Edinburgh Burgess Roll. 

Edinburgh City Parish Register. 

Edinburgh, Commissariot of. 



Authorities. 

Edinburgh Evening Courant, 1781. 

Edinburgh High School Register. 

Encyclopedia Britannica. 

Exchequer Rolls. 

Fairbairn, James. Crests of British Eamilies, i860, 8vo. 

Fordyce Parish Register. 

Gamrie Parish Register. 

Glasgow Burials. 

Graham, H. G. Social Life in Scotland in 18th Century, 1899, 2 vols., 8vo. 

Grant, J. Old and New Edinburgh, 3 vols., 4to. 

Grant {Mrs) of Laggan's Letters, 1808, 8vo (Scot. Hist. Soc, 1896). 

Greyfriars Churchyard, Register of. 

Herald and Genealogist, vol. vii., 8vo. 

Inverary Parish Register. 

Inverness, Commissariot of. 

Kay, John. Edinburgh Portraits, 1837, 2 vols., 4to. 

Knight, William, LL.D. Lord Monboddo and Some of his Contemporaries, 1900, 8vo. 

Lyon in Mourning, 1746-75, 3 vols., 8vo (Scot. Hist. Soc, 1895-96). 

Masson, David. Life of fames Melvin, 1895, 8vo. 

Masterton Papers, 8vo (Scot. Hist. Soc. Miscellany, vol. i., 1893). 

Mitchell, J. Scotland and Scotsmen, 1825, small 4to. 

Old St. Paul's, Carrubber's Close, Register of. 

Oracle Encyclopedia, 4to. 

Retours, Index of, Folio. 

Robson, Thomas. The British Herald, 1830, 4to. 

Ross, A. Old Scottish Fiegimental Colours, 1885, 4to. 

Ruddiman Family Papers. 

Ruddiman's Weekly Magazine, 8vo. 

Scots Brigade in Holland, 1572-1782, 3 vols., 8vo (Scot. Hist. Soc, 1899-1901) 

Scots Magazine, 8vo. 

Scott, Rev. Henry. Fasti Ecclesia Scoticana, 1867- , 4to. 

Williamson's Directory of Edinburgh, \Tiyjb, 8vo. 



xiv 



Introduction. 



Introduction. 



THE RUDDIMANS. 

NAME. 

THE name of Ruddiman, also spelt Rudiman, Rudieman, Roodiman, Rodieman, 
Rediman, etc., is probably derived from the Cymro-Celtic " Rhudd " or the Gaelic 
" Ruadh," both of which mean red, and we may be tolerably certain that one of 
the early ancestors of the family was either red of hair or complexion, or perhaps both — 
in fact a ruddy man. 

The name as spelt " Rediman " suggests Redman, Reidman, or Reidmain, and were I 
an Elizabethan herald I would claim kinship for the Ruddimans with Magnus Redmain 
(Magnus of the Red Hand), the English champion at the battle of Sark, fought in 1448. 

ARMORIAL BEARINGS. 

The armorial bearings of the Ruddimans do not appear to have been recorded in 
either the Lyon Office, Edinburgh, or the Herald's College, London, and so perhaps legally 
do not exist in Great Britain. On the other hand, if the following armorial bearings were 
assumed by members of the family while living out of Great Britain, and brought by them 
to this country, I have no doubt the Heralds could not object to their being used so long 
as they were different from any other recorded arms. Dr William Ruddiman, physician 
to the Nabob of Arcot (see pp. 102, 103), and Walter Ruddiman, lieutenant in the Scots 
Brigade, Holland (see No. XXVI.), both lived out of Britain, and I suggest that these 
arms were assumed by them. The following is a description of the Arms : — 

" Ruddiman (Scotland). Azure a bend Argent, between three annulets Or ; on a 
chief of the second, three spears of the first." 

Note. — These arms appear to be founded on those of the Earls of Mar, who owned 
the greater part of Aberdeenshire, and bore " Azure a bend Or, between six cross crosslets 
fitch6 of the second." 

The "chief" with spears on the Ruddiman shield is an addition which it is difficult 
to account for, unless the inventor of the arms, besides suggesting where the Ruddimans 



Introduction. 

came from, wished also to show their connection with literature, by imitating the arms 
of the immortal Bard of Avon, who bore " Or on a bend Sable, a spear of the first, steeled 
Argent." On the other hand, the spears may simply represent military service. The second 
coat also suggests where the Ruddimans came from : — 

" RUDIMAN. Gules three cushions Ermine." 

Note. — These arms are evidently founded on those of the Earls of Moray, who bore 
" Argent, three cushions Gules." 

Both of these coats are given in The British Herald, by Thomas Robson, published 
1830, 3 vols, 4to ; and in Burke's General Artnory, 3rd edition, 1847. (I have not been 
able to find earlier editions of this work.) 

The Crest of the Ruddimans is : — 

" A spur proper," and is given in the following works : British Crests, by Alexander 
Deuchar, 1817, 2 vols.; The British Herald, by Thomas Robson, 1830, 3 vols.; Book of 
Family Crests, 1838, 2 vols.; General Armory, Burke, 1847; Crests of British Families, 
by James Fairbairn, i860, 2 vols. 

The Motto of the Ruddimans is : — 

Vis VlRl Fragilis (Weak is the strength of man), and is given in the above five 
works. 

LOCALITY. 

The first home of the family on record was Fifeshire ; but towards the end of the 
sixteenth century one, or more, members of the family appears to have migrated to Banff- 
shire, and from there the descendants spread through the neighbouring counties. 



NUMBERS. 

The family has always been a small one, and I doubt if one hundred members were 
ever alive at one time. 

RECORDS. 

The Records of the Commissariot of Aberdeen, which included Banffshire, exist now 
only from 1721, the earlier Records having been destroyed by fire, so it is impossible to 
get any help from them about the earlier generations of the family. The following are 
the earliest notices of the Ruddimans which I can find : — 

1442. — Duncan Rudeman, Bailie of Kingorne {Excheq. Rolls). 



H57 
1459 
1467 
1468 
1498 
1526 
1529 



— Duncan Rideman, Bailie of Kingorne {Excheq. Rolls). 

— Duncan Rudeman, Bailie of Kingorne {Excheq. Rolls). 

— David Rudeman, passing as Curier to England, XX. s. {Excheq. Rolls). 

— David Rudeman for a horse to Unicorn Pursuivant Vj. li. {Excheq. Rolls). 

— David Rudeman, Edinburgh (W. Cramond). 

— Henry Rudman, trumpeter, payment of salary to {Excheq. Rolls). 

— Henry Rudeman, trumpeter, payment of salary to {Excheq. Rolls). 




RUDDIMAN (Scotland) 




RUDIMAN 



Introduction. 



1559. — Alexander Rudeman, member of the congregation (St. Andrew's Kirk Session 
Register). 

1559. — Alexander Rudeman, mentioned in a case (St. Andrews Kirk Session Register). 

1574. — Alexander Rudeman, "servand to Corstorphine in Parkhill," mentioned in 

a case (St. Andrew's Kirk Session Register). 

1606, 10th August. — "Agnes Irwing was put in the jogges qr. sche remanit the tym 
of the preaching & the said Wm. Rudiman satt in the stokis the said tym, & efter Ser- 
moun the said Agnes was tain & put in the gowes qr. sche remanit qll. the people skeallit, 
and last of all the saids Wm. & Agnes, the said Wm., his wyff, war brocht befoir the 
session & ordanit the next Sonday to confess their offence openly ilk ane of them befoir 
the haill paroche & ask ilk ane ye other parden & forgivness " (Rothiemay Kirk Session 
Register). 

1681. — Robert Ruddiman, Marnoch, made honorary burgess of Banff (Annals of Banff). 



PARISH REGISTERS. 

Turning to the Parish Registers of Banffshire and Aberdeenshire, around the home 
of the Ruddimans, the results are equally unsatisfactory. In the following list of parishes 
the date of the earliest record in each register is given ; but it must be remembered that 
even after these dates the records were irregularly kept for many years, that only the 
father's name is given in the early entries, and that numerous " blanks " occur, sometimes 
extending to ten years : — 

ALVAH (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 171 1; marriages, 1720 ; burials, 1875; tombstones, 
there are six Ruddiman tombstones still (1901) in existence, and the inscriptions are 
given in this book. 

Boyndie (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1700; marriages, 1700; burials, all registers to end 
of seventeenth century burned. 

Banff (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1620; marriages, 1664; burials, 1783. 

FORDYCE (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1665; marriages, 1723; burials, 1718. 

FORGLEN (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1647 ; marriages, 1685 ; burials, 1784. 

Gamrie (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1704; marriages, 1787; burials, 1789. 

Kingedward (Aberdeenshire). — Baptisms, 1701 ; marriages, 1783 ; burials, 1852. 

Marnoch (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1676; marriages, 1672; burials, 1713. 

ORDIQUHILL (Banffshire). — Baptisms, 1704; marriages, 1723; burials, 1783. 



For other Ruddimans see Appendices C and I), pp. /oo-ioj. 



No. I. Andrew Simson, 1600- 



I. 

ANDREW SIMSON, who occupied the farm of Little Rettie (Reatie or 
Ratie) in the parish of Boyndie, Banffshire, 1 was born about the year 
1600, in the reign of King James VI. of Scotland. He left at least 
two ' children, of whom the son William ' was schoolmaster of Boyndie. 
The following extract from the books of the Presbytery refers to him : " 1676 
Jany. 19th Mr Wm. Simsone, schoolemaster at Inverboyndie, being lawfullie 
chosen by those who have power, viz. : — the Laird of Boyne, the minister, 
and session theroff, to officiat as shoolmr. precentor, and session clerk, and 
being recommended by the Minister, the brethren did prescryve to him to have 
ane short oration in laudem grammatticce, and to expone and analyse the 15th 
odde lib. I of Horace, and this after the said Mr Wm. had taken the oath 
of alledgance and canonicall obedience according to the Act of the Bishop 
and Synod. Feb. 16th. — The Lord Bishop gives him a recommendatione to 
the Lords of Counsell and Sessione, that he may have the ordinarie allowance 
of schoolmasters setled upon him." 2 

In 1633 and 1643 Parliament passed Acts that the heritors of every parish 
should assess themselves to maintain a school, and twelve honest men were 
appointed to see that the heritors did their duty, 3 but these Acts were only 
a partial success. 3 The salary of a schoolmaster ranged from 100 to 200 merks 
(£5 to ^io), 3 and was largely paid in kind, and Wm. Simson was able to 
help his nephew, Thomas Ruddiman, to dispose of his salary J : " Our Gram- 
marian (in 1695) was paid chiefly in corn, which he sold to his uncle William 
Simson, who gave him a high price for it, during the dear years which suc- 
ceeded the Revolution." l (See note below). 

Another child of Andrew Simson was Margaret Simson, who married 
James Ruddiman 1 (No. II.). 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 2 Church and Churchyard of Boyndie, by Wm. Cramond. 
3 Social Life in Scotland in l&th Century. H. G. Graham. 
Note. — An Andrew Simson had a son baptised William on 27th June 1644 (Banff Parish Register). 
A I 



No. II. James Ruddiman, 1640-1707. 



II. 



JAMES RUDDIMAN was born in the parish of Alvah, Banffshire, in 
1640, 1 in the reign of King Charles I. ; but later removed to the farm 
of Raggal in Boyndie parish, 1 ' 2 then the property of Mr Ogilvy of 
Baldavy, but later belonged to the Earl of Findlater. 2 (Title dormant 
in 181 1 ). James Ruddiman was afterwards in Reatie, in Boyndie parish. 1 He 
"was long remembered for his agricultural knowledge, as a farmer, and for 
his seasonable charity as a neighbour. He was one of those men, who with 
great corporeal powers, possess a tender heart. When he heard of the demise 
of Charles II. he shed many tears." 2 He married Margaret, daughter of 
Andrew Simson (No. I.). 2 

James Ruddiman was an elder in the church of Boyndie in 1678, as 
the following extract from the Book of Presbytery shows : — " 1678 — visitation. 
Elders — Sir Patrick Ogilvie of Boyne, Walter Hacket in Cairntowne, James 
Rudieman in Ragell, Patrick Gellie in Rettie." 3 In 1690 he visited his son 
Thomas in Aberdeen. 2 

James Ruddiman died 22nd October 1707 aged sixty-seven years, and 
was buried in Alvah churchyard. The monument, of which a copy is given 
opposite, and which is still (1901) in existence, bears the following inscription: — 

" Here lyes interred the body of James Ruddiman Indueller 
some tyme in Raggal, and afterwards in Reatie in the parish of 
Boyndie, who having vertuously and with a good reputation 
arrived to the age of 6j years, departed this lyfe Octobir the 
22nd 1707. Sumum nee metuas diem nee optes. This ston is 
erected be James and John Ruddimans his sons. Here rest in 
Peace the Bodies of John Ruddiman, late Farmer in Alehouseburn 
who died the 8th May 1742, 4 and of his spouse Isabel Milne who 
died 5th August 1763." 5 

They had six children — Agnes (No. III.); Thomas (No. IV.); James 
(No. VII.); John (No. XXVIII.); Walter (No. XXIX); and Helen (No. 
XXXII.). 2 



1 Tombstone. 2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 Church and Churchyard of Boyndie, by Wm. Cramond. 

4 The date "1747" in illustration is a mistake. 

6 For James Ruddiman, junior, see No. VII., and for John Ruddiman see No. XXVIII. 
2 



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■> KabH Mil he who died S^AiLouwt H7A5 > 



J OVd A/\ 31 4..3WOJL 



TOMBSTONE OF 

JAMES RUDDIMAN 

(NO. II.) 

ALSO OF HIS SON 

JOHN RUDDI MAN 

(NO. XXVIII) 



No. III. Agnes Ruddiman — 



III. 



AGNES RUDDIMAN, elder daughter of James Ruddiman (No. II.). 
Chalmers in his Life of Thomas Ruddiman says that she married George 

Reid, but this is evidently a mistake, as it was her sister Helen (No. 

XXXII.) who married Mr Reid. In the Banffshire Journal of Tuesday, 
1 8th October 1864 is an unsigned article on the Ruddimans, and it is there 
stated that Helen married a Mr Addison ; but this is also an error for the 
reasons given above. It is possible, of course, that it was Agnes who 
married Mr Addison, but I have no evidence to support such an assertion. 
The following is the pedigree, as given in the Banffshire Journal, with 
additions by Mrs Adamson, Blairmand, Boyndie, living, 1901, at an advanced 
age:— 



Helen = Mr Addison 

(? Agnes) 

Ruddiman 



Son 

educated by 

the grammarian, 

afterwards captain 

of an East Indiaman 



Dr James Addison 
of Burnham, Essex 



Son=Simson 



Daughter=Mr Adamson 



1 

Son 


1 
Son 


1 
Son 


1 1 1 
Three 


1 
John 


1 
Mrs Adamson 


Doctor 


Doctor 


Lawyer 


daughters 


Adamson 
Solicitor 

Banff 
liv. 1864 


B. 1820 
liv. 1901 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 



IV. 



THOMAS RUDDIMAN, eldest son of James Ruddiman (No. II.), was 
born in October 1674, on the farm of Raggal, in the Barony of Bal- 
davie, and parish of Boyndie, Banffshire, which is situated on the 
Deveron, about three miles from the town of Banff. The house in 
which he was born stood in a field near where Ordens Station now stands, 
and is a short distance away from the place now known as Raggal. 1 In fact 
two houses have claimed the honour of his birth, one on either side of the 
burn of Boyndie, and within a few yards of each other. 2 As regards the 
first, a Mr Anderson pulled down the original house and erected a thatched 
cottage in its place in 18 10, and he built into it the doorway of the original 
house. 2 This house was occupied in 1864 by Mr Anderson's daughters, who 
also preserved the original doorstep of the old house. 2 The other house 
referred to above was occupied in 1864 by a farm servant. 2 

As regards his education, he was first sent to the parish school of 
Boyndie, then held by Mr Frederick Morrison, 3 but it is probable that he 
also derived knowledge from his uncle, William Simson, referred to in No. I. 
Every morning, when he walked to school, he was accompanied to Teeting 4 
Hillock, the half way resting place, by his dog, which, after partaking of part of 
his master's lunch, returned home. Ruddiman, throughout his long life, had a 
succession of dogs, and all were named " Rascal." In October 1690, at the age 
of sixteen, he left his home, without his father's consent, to try to win a bursary 
at King's College, Aberdeen, valued at ^15 per annum for four years, and 
given for the best knowledge of Latin. On the road, near the Starbriggs, 5 
he was waylaid by gypsies, who stripped him and robbed him of all his 
money, which consisted of one guinea given him by his sister, Agnes, just before 
he set out. At last he arrived in Aberdeen, and although without friends, 

1 Mrs Adamson, Blairmand, Boyndie, liv. 1901 at a very advanced age, who claims, through the Addison 
family, to be a descendant of the Ruddimans {see No. III.). 

2 Article on "Ruddiman the Grammarian" in The Banffshire Journal of 18th October 1864. 

3 Rev. J. G. Ledingham, minister of Boyndie, 1900. In Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman the name 
is given as " George Morison." 

4 Not "Tooting," as in Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

6 Starbriggs or Starbridge, see map. "A spring, strongly impregnated with iron, rose in the moss, and 
to carry off the water a ditch was cut to the public road, and was crossed by a bridge to allow access to 
the moss. When stirred at night the water sparkled, hence the name." 6 

6 Rev. J. G. Ledingham, M.A., minister of Boyndie. 
4 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

recommendations, or even decent apparel, he succeeded in winning the prize. 
He commenced his academical studies under Professor William Black in November 
1690, and finally obtained the degree of Master of Arts, " M.A.," 21st June 
1694 "after a disputation which lasted ab aurora tisque ad vesperam." 

One of his fellow-students was Simon Fraser of Beaufort, afterwards Lord 
Lovat, who, after betraying both the Government and the Jacobites, was be- 
headed 9th April 1747. 

Ruddiman's first work, written after he left college, was Rhetoricce Com- 
pendium, etc., which is unpublished. He then went for a short time as tutor 
to David, son of Robert Young of Auldbar, Forfarshire, when hearing of the 
death of the schoolmaster of Laurencekirk (Patrick Bellie) in February 1695, 
he applied for and obtained that post April 1695, with an annual salary of 
,£5 paid in oatmeal. One of his pupils was James Burnet, afterwards Lord 
Monboddo, 1 the learned and eccentric Scottish Judge. It is curious that Ruddi- 
man was keeper of the Advocates' Library when Burnet became an advocate. 1 

In October 1699 the celebrated Dr Archibald Pitcairne, 2 who had been 
detained in the village by the violence of the weather, asked his hostess if 
she could not find him some intelligent person who would share his dinner, 
and help by his conversation to pass the evening. The landlady recommended 
the schoolmaster, who was at once sent for, and who made such a favourable 
impression on the learned doctor that he invited him to Edinburgh, and pro- 
mised him his patronage. 

Ruddiman accepted the invitation, and came to Edinburgh in 1700, which 
was then a town of 30,000 inhabitants, and obtained employment in the 
Advocates' Library (established 1682), which was then in Milne Square. 

In 1704 he married, as his first wife, Barbara, daughter of Edward 
Scollay of Odness, a small estate in Orkney. 3 

" Edr. the 10th Decer. 1704. 

" Mr Thomas Ruddiman Wryter and Barbara Skolla daughter to the 
deceast Edward Skolla mert. in Kirkwall in Orkney, now in N K Paroch, 
maried 28 Deer." 4 

1 Lord Monboddo and some of his Contemporaries, by William Knight. 

2 Dr Archibald Pitcairne, the patron of Ruddiman, was born in Edinburgh 25th December 1652. He 
belonged to an ancient Fifeshire family, and was educated at Montpellier and Paris. In 1692-3 he was 
Professor of Physic in the University of Leyden, and subsequently until his death he was the leading 
physician in Edinburgh. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Archibald Stevenson, who was also a 
physician in Edinburgh. Dr Pitcairne was the author of several learned works, wrote Latin poetry with 
elegance and taste, and he was certainly far in advance of the medical science of his day, and was one 
of the most zealous champions of Harvey's great discovery. 

3 A. Francis Steuart. Note. — Chalmers says erroneously that Ruddiman married 1701, and that his 
father-in-law was Scollay of Oatness. 

4 Edinburgh City Marriage Register. 

5 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

On 2nd May 1702 he was appointed Assistant Librarian of the Advocate's 
Library, with a salary of .£8, 6s. 8d. sterling per annum (,£100 Scots), and on the 
22nd and 23rd of the same month the library was removed to the Parliament 
House. On 28th July 1703 he gave to Spottiswoode and Coult, joint keepers 
of the library, his bond, with William Simson, his uncle, as security, that he 
would answer for all the books in the library. At the end of 1706 he 
estimated his estate at .£236, 7s. 6d. Scots. His house rent was 36 pounds, 
and the weekly expenses of his family amounted to three pounds Scots. 
The remuneration was so small that in 1707 he began business as a book 
auctioneer. 

In 1709 he published Johnstoni Cantici Salomonis Paraphrasis Poetica, 
with notes by himself, and dedicated the work to his patron Dr Pitcairne, 
who afterwards presented him with a silver cup, which remained in the pos- 
session of Ruddiman's family until it was stolen by burglars who entered the house. 

Ruddiman having been asked to take charge of the Grammar School, 
Dundee, the Faculty of Advocates agreed, 15th July 17 10, to raise his salary 
to .£30, 6s. 8d. (^363, 6s. 8d. Scots), and so he remained in Edinburgh. 

Towards the end of 17 10 he lost his first wife, who was buried in 
Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

" Barbra Scoulla, spouse to Mr Thomas Rudieman, Keeper of 
the Advocates Libererie ; Dyed 6th, Buried 8th October 17 10, 
3 D.P. (Double Paces) East of Bannatyn's Tomb." 1 

She left a son, named Archibald (bap. 10th January 1710) 2 ' 3 after Dr 
Pitcairne, and a daughter named Elizabeth, after Mrs Pitcairne. The son was 
placed with James Colvil at the Bridge of Inch, and the daughter with Mr 
Paton at Mayfield ; but these two, and a third child (Thomas, bap. 5th 
October 1708; witness, Walter Rudiman, printer) 2 by his first marriage, died 
young. 

In 171 1 Ruddiman married as his second wife Janet, daughter of the 
deceased John Horsbrugh, late parson of Lyne, 4 ' 5 on whom he agreed to settle 
5500 merks Scots. The marriage contract is dated 13th October 1 71 1, 4 and 
is agreed to by William Horsbrugh, writer in Edinburgh, brother of the 
bride. Among the witnesses is Walter Ruddiman (No. XXIX.). A copy of 



1 Greyfriars Burial Register. 2 Edinburgh City Parish Register. 

3 This son, Archibald, was alive 13th October 171 1, as his father on that day granted a Bond of 
Provision settling 1000 merks (Scots) on him, to be paid to him when he reached the age of fourteen. This 
bond is referred to in the marriage contract between his father and Janet Horsbrugh. 4 

4 The original marriage contract in possession of James Steuart. 

5 Chalmers says erroneously John Horseburgh, Sheriff Clerk of Fife. 

6 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

the bride's signature is here given, and it will be noticed she spells her 
name differently from her father and brother. By this lady he had a daughter 
named Elizabeth (b. 14th August 1712) 1 and a son William (buried 24th 
February 1722 in Greyfriars Cemetery), 2 who both died young; and also 
another son Thomas (No. V.). 



floMef* 'fj0r/(furcj>>£ 



In 17 13 he published the Vocabulary of John Forrest, and in this year 
he had the misfortune to lose his patron, Dr Pitcairne, who died aged sixty- 
one, October 23rd, 1 ' 3 and was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh, under 
a rectangular slab on four pillars near the north entry of the ground. Rud- 
diman wrote the inscription, which with additions of a later date, is as follows : — 

Here lies 

Doctor Archibald Pitcairn 

who died 26th October 17 13 

Aged 61 

Elizabeth Stevenson, his widow, 

died 5th October 1734 

Janet Pitcairn, Countess of Kellie, 

his daughter, 

Died 7th June 1770; and 

Lady ANN ERSKINE, 

His last surviving Grandchild, 

One of the best of Women 

Died 1 8th March 1803 



Ecce mathematicum, vatem, medicumque, sophumque, 
Pitcarnum Magnum, hoec urnula parva tenet, 
Ergo, vale, lux Scotigenum, princepsque medentum, 
Musarum columen delicioeque, vale. 



Sodalitas Edinburgena filiorum /Esculapii 

Anno 1772 instituta 

Hoc monumentum reficiendum curabat 

Prid. Id. Junii 1800 

Proeside Alex. Wood, Col. Reg. Chir. Ed. Dec. Em. 

Andrea Duncan, M.D. & P. a Secretis. 4 

Ruddiman negotiated the sale of Pitcairne's library, which was a valuable 
one, to Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia. 

1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 2 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

3 Inscription on monument has "26th." 

4 Elogia Sepukhralia Edinburgena, by Andrew Duncan, Edinburgh, 8vo., 1814. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

In 1 7 14 Ruddiman published The Rudiments of the Latin Tongue, the 
original MS. of which is in the Advocates Library. It was printed at Edin- 
burgh by Freebairn. It is on this work that his fame principally rests, and 
he lived to see fifteen editions of it published. 

In 1715 he undertook to edit and publish an edition of George Buchanan's 
(1506-81) works, Buchanani Opera Omnia, and in the Jacobitical preface and 
notes he adversely criticised Buchanan's character and political views, " which 
proved fatal to his future quiet," for a society was soon formed of the scholars 
of Edinburgh for publishing a correct edition of Buchanan's works, with the 
declared design of vindicating " that incomparably learned and pious author 
from the calumnies of Mr Thomas Ruddiman ; " but the society did 
nothing. 

In 1715 he began as a printer, assuming his brother Walter as a partner, 
The first production of his press was the second volume of Abercrombys 
Martial Achievements. 

In 1 71 7 the presbytery and the magistrates of Banff, having dismissed the 
schoolmaster, Mr Alex. Davidsone, the Town Council applied to Thomas 
Ruddiman to assist them in filling the vacancy, " April 20. The Council 
orders letters to be written to Mr William Simpson, schoolmaster at Dalkeith, 
late schoolmaster at this school, and to Mr Thomas Ruddiman, keeper of the 
Advocates Library, to get a schoolmaster for the grammar school, qualified 
by law to the present church government, and of sufficient literature, learning, 
and modest sober behaviour." 1 

In 1720 he was made an honorary burgess of Cupar: — 

" Apud Cupram Decimo [blank] die mensis Augusti . . . 
Anno Domini Millesimo Septingentesimo et Vigesimo Joanne 
Comite de Rothes Praeposito, Patricio Crambie Waltero Christi- 
son Balivis et Joanne Clerk Gildoe Dicano dicti Burgo. 

Quo Die Magister Thomas Ruddiman facultatis Juridical 
Edinburg. Bibliothecarius Creatus et Admissus est Liber Bur- 
gensis et frater Gildae dicti Burgi cum omnibus et singulis 
Libertatibus privilegiis ac Immunitatibus ad dictum Burgum 
Spectantibus Qui prestitit Juramentum Burgale more Solito 
Extractum per me. 

"JO. IMRIE, 67." 2 



1 Cramond's Annals of Banff. 

2 Original burgess ticket in possession of James Steuart. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

In this year also he was made an honorary burgess of the town of Banff. 1 
" Expenses in Patrik Lowson's hows when Mr Roodiman was mead burges 

£s> 17s." 1 

"Apud Banff Trigesimo die Mensis Augusti Anno Domini 
Millesimo Septingentesimo Vigesime Presentibus Gulielmo Scot 
preposito Jacobo Ogilvie, Gulielmo Syme et Jacobo Louson 
Balivis, Jacobo Duff ^Edile et Waltero Stuart( — ?)Eodem Die 
Honoratus Thomas Rudieman Bibliothecarius honoratissime 
facultatis Causidicorum Edenburg Supremi Concilii et Sessionis 
Justitias Debite et Legitime Creatus et Admissus est Liber 
Burgensis et Frater Gilde duti Regalis Burgi de Banff cum 
omnibus et singulis Privileges ad dictum Burgum Spectantibus 
qui prestitit Juramentum Burgale more solito. Extractum per 
Me." [Name unreadable.] 2 

His next important work was the Epistolce Regum Scotomm, the first 
volume of which was printed in 1722, and the second volume in 1724; in 
which year also he printed Herodian, with the Greek and Latin in corre- 
spondent columns. These were followed by his Grammaticce Latince Institutiones, 
which he wrote and published in 1725. 

His second wife died in 1728, and was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, 
Edinburgh. 

" Janet Horsburgh, spouse to Mr Thomas Rudeman, Printer, 
Dyed 28th, Buried 30th August 1728, lyes 4 D.P. (Double 
Paces) South East of Bannatyne's Tomb." 3 

On 21st February 1728 he and James Davidson were appointed joint 
printers to the University during the lives of both and during the life of 
the longest liver. He first printed the Caledonian Mercury (established 28th 
April 1720) on 17th January 1724 at his printing house in Morocco Close, 4 
Lawnmarket ; but later in Parliament Close, 4 and on the death of the pro- 
prietor, William Rolland, lawyer, in March 1729, the paper was transferred 
to Ruddiman, in whose family it continued until May 1772, when it was sold 
to Mr John Robertson. 

In 1729 he was made an honorary burgess of Musselburgh: — 

"At Musleburgh the Eighteenth Day of January One thou- 
sand Seven hundred and twenty Nine years The which day in 
presence of William Berry and Robert Ogilvie present Baillies 



1 Cramond's Annals of Banff. 2 Original burgess ticket in possession of James Steuart. 

3 Greyfriars Burial Register. 4 See Appendix E. 

B 9 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

of the Burgh of Musleburgh Thomas Cochran present Thesaurer 
and Severall others of the Councillours of the said Burgh being 
Conveined at the time Compeared Mr Thomas Rudiman Keeper 
of the Advocates Library In Edinburgh And is admitted and 
Received Burges and Freeman of the said Burgh and the whole 
Liberties, priviledges and Immunities belonging to an Burges and 
Freeman of Musleburgh are granted to him in the most ample 
form who gave his oath of fidelity as use is. Extractum per me. 

"Thomas Tod, Clerk." 1 

In this year also he was made an honorary burgess of Haddington :— 

" Apud Burgum de Hadingtoun Duodecimo die mensis Augusti, 
Millesimo Septingentesimo Vigesimo nono. The which day James 
Erskine Dean of Gild with consent of the Brethren of his Coun- 
cill for ye many great Respects love and favour which Alex. 
M'call (?) Provost, Archibald Miller, George Erskine and John 
Broun Baillies and great Councill of ye sd. Burgh have and bear 
to Mr Thomas Ruddiman Keeper of the Advocates Liberary 
Edin. and for sundry other good Causes and weighty Con- 
siderations them moveing Received the solemn oath of ye sd. 
Mr Thomas Ruddiman and Created and made him Burges and 
Gild Brother of ye sd. Burgh Conform to ye Acts and Statutes 
of ye great Councill yrof made anent ye creation of Burgesses 
and Gild Bretheren yrin in all points. Extractum per me. 

"I. AlNSLlE, Clerk." 1 

On 29th September 1729 he married as his third wife Anne, daughter 
of Thomas Smith, merchant and brewer in Edinburgh and London, on 
whom, in the marriage contract, he agreed to settle an annuity " equal to the 
interest of ten thousand merks, Scots." She is mentioned in the Retours or 
services of heirs as follows : — 

" Ruddiman, Ann (or Smith), wife of Thomas Ruddiman, keeper of the 
Advocates' Library, to her brother Thomas Smith, writer, Edinburgh, Heir 
General. Recorded 17th July 1740. 

" Ditto, above designed, to her aunt Bessie Young, widow of James 
Baillie, writer, Edinburgh, Heir Portioner General, 28th April 1741. Recorded 
30th April 1 741." 

" Ditto, above designed, to her grandfather Robert Young, merchant in 
Edinburgh, Heir Portioner General 28th April 1741. Recorded 30th April 
1741." 

1 Original burgess ticket in possession of James Steuart. 
IO 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

By his third wife Ruddiman had a son, James, who died young and was 
buried in Grey friars' Cemetery, Edinburgh — " 1740, Oct. 16, James, son of 
Thomas Ruddiman, Printer." 1 He had also a daughter, Alison (No. VI.). 

Mr John Spottiswood, keeper of the Advocates' Library, died in February 
1728, and two years later, on 6th January 1730, Ruddiman was appointed 
keeper in his place, but he got no increase in salary. 

In 1 73 1 he published Grammatics Latince Institutiones, pars secunda, and 
in the following year he was admitted a Burgess and Guild Brother of the 
city of Edinburgh — "1732 Nov. 8th Mr Thomas Ruddiman keeper of the 
Advocates' Library compearing is made Burgess and Gild Brother, by right 
of Anna Smith his spouse, daughter lawfull to Thomas Smith, Burgess and 
Gild Brother, and gave his oath and paid for his Duty to the Dean of 
Gild (Thomas Dick) Thirty three shilling, four pennies, and Watches twenty 
four shilling." 2,3 

In 1735 he began A Catalogue of the Library of the Facility of Advo- 
cates at Edinburgh, a work which was not finished until 1742, when it was 
printed by Thomas, Walter, and Thomas Ruddiman. In May 1736 he 
renewed the co-partnership with his brother Walter, who was the cashier, and 
a James Grant, who was to look after the news and attend to the publishing 
of the Caledonian Mercury, of which 1400 copies were sold every week. 
Ruddiman's note books show that in 1736 his capital had increased to ,£1985. 
On 2nd February 1737 he, together with the rector and masters of the High 
School, and thirty-one other persons, established a species of provident associa- 
tion for their own benefit and that of their widows and children, and 
adopted as the title of the Society: "The Company of the Professors and 
Teachers of the Liberal Arts and Sciences, or any Branch thereof, in the 
City of Edinburgh, and Dependencies thereof." The co-partners were all 
taxed equally, but, owing to inequalities in the yearly contributions, a dis- 
solution nearly took place after an existence of fifty years, but the Association 
rallied and still exists in a flourishing condition. 

In 1737 Ruddiman visited London 4 to be examined about the Porteous 
Riot, 5 and probably returned with the other witnesses in June of that year, 
when the citizens of Edinburgh in large numbers rode out to meet them, 
and conducted them in triumph back to the city. 6 



1 Greyfriars Burial Register. 2 Burgess Roll. 

3 The original burgess ticket is in possession of James Steuart, but as the wording is practically the 
same as in that of Walter Ruddiman, whom see (No. XXIX.), 1 have not printed it. 

1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 6 Letter in possession of the Steuarts. 

c Grant's Old and New Edinburgh. 

II 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

In summer he exchanged town for the country, and in 1738 the place 
selected was Heriots Bridge, which was really only a more open part of 
Edinburgh. In 1739 he purchased from David Rutherford, advocate, for .£300, 
a house in Parliament Square, Edinburgh, 1 amidst the booksellers, and near 
the Advocates' Library. He had now a better opportunity of gratifying his 
passion for chess, and played many games with Alex. Symmers the bookseller. 
On 13th August 1739 he resigned his half of the printing business to his 
son Thomas, to whom he lent ^250, but Thomas Ruddiman's name still 
appeared, and the firm was styled "Thomas, Walter, and Thomas Ruddimans." 
Their printing house was in the Parliament Close. 1 In 1739 he published 
Selectus Diplomatum et Numismatzim Scotice Tkesaurtis, the preface of which 
was written by himself, and Chalmers considers that of all his works it 
exhibits the widest extent of knowledge. In 1740 he wrote, but did not 
publish, Critical Remarks upon Peter Bttrman's Notes on Ovid's Works. 

In 1740 Messrs Lauder and Love had an angry dispute as to the 
relative values of the Psalms as versified by Buchanan and Johnston. In 
1 741 a new edition of Johnston's Paraphrase of the Psalms was published, 
with a preface by William Benson, and in this preface Benson ranked 
Johnston as the first of the poets. It will be remembered that Ruddiman 
had published both the canticles of Johnston and the works of Buchanan, so 
that he had considerable knowledge of both authors, and while he greatly 
admired Johnston he was quite alive to his faults. In 1745, therefore, 
Ruddiman published A Vindication of Buchanans Paraphrase of the Psalms, 
against the objections of William Benson. 

At a meeting of the Town Council of Banff on 26th February 1742 
"A letter read to the Council from Mr Thomas Ruddiman at Edinburgh in 
favour of George Robertson, late schoolmaster of Alvah, to be schoolmaster 
of this burgh. The Council 'haveing a particular regard to the recomenda- 
tion of the said Mr Thomas Rudiman as being every way a competent judge 
of the qualifications of any person fit to serve as schoolmaster of said burgh,' 
invite Mr Robertson to give a trial for a few months, and if it is agreeable 
to the magistrates, thereafter to settle him as schoolmaster, precentor, and 
session clerk." 2 

On 19th August of the same year Mr Robertson was appointed school- 
master. 2 

Of the political disturbances of 1745-6 Ruddiman doubtless partook, being 
a strong Jacobite, so I give a brief account of the rising. 

1 See Appendix E. 2 Cramond's Annals of Banff. 

12 




25x30 



THOMAS RUDDIMAN 
(NO. IV.) 

after portrait painted 1741 

in possession of 

James Steuart, Esq. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, i 674-1 757. 

On 23rd July 1745, Prince Charles Edward landed on the island of Eriska 
in the Hebrides, and unfurled his standard at Glenflnnan on 19th August. The 
Government was now thoroughly alarmed, and on 19th August General Cope left 
Edinburgh for Stirling, where he had ordered the garrisons to concentrate, 
and from there he marched to Dalwhinnie, where he arrived on the 26th. His 
original intention was to go to Fort Augustus by the Corryarrack Road, but 
hearing that the Highlanders were to advance by this road he decided to 
march to Inverness instead, and this he did. 1 The Highlanders arrived at 
Blair Castle on 31st August 1745, and on the same day the inhabitants of 
Edinburgh heard of Cope's change of plans, by which the road to the south 
was left open to the Prince. On Sunday, 1st September, they were further 
alarmed "by the Duke of Athole coming suddenly to town on his way from 
Blair, which he had been compelled to leave on the approach of the High- 
landers. It was reported at the time that His Grace had been compelled 
to take this step with greater precipitation than would have otherwise been 
necessary, by receiving a letter from his brother the Marquis of Tullibardine, 
calling upon him to deliver up the house and estate which he had so long 
possessed unjustly. But the venerable Ruddiman, who gave currency to this 
rumour by means of his paper, the Caledonian Mercury, was obliged during 
the same week to acknowledge it false, beg the Duke's pardon, and pay a 
fine of two guineas, besides being imprisoned for two days." 2 

Prince Charles pursued his way, arriving at Dunkeld on 3rd September, 
and at Perth the next day. Here he remained till the nth, when he again 
set out, arriving at Linlithgow on the 15th, and entering Edinburgh 19th 
September 1745. General Cope placed his men on board ship at Aberdeen, 
and on the 18th September arrived at Dunbar, setting out for Edinburgh 
the following day. On the 21st the two armies met at Prestonpans, where 
the Highlanders were victorious. The next day the Prince returned to 
Edinburgh, where he remained until 31st October, when he set out on the 
march to England. On 4th December he entered Derby, and left again on 
the northward journey two days later. He entered Glasgow 26th December ; 
the battle of Falkirk was fought and won on 17th January 1746, and the 
end came at Culloden 16th April 1746. 1 

When the Highlanders were in Edinburgh it is probable that Ruddiman's 
firm printed some of the Prince's proclamations. The Caledonian Mercury 
was one of the chief vehicles of his proclamations, and " rejoiced in the 
opportunity thus afforded of indulging its natural propensities without constraint. 

1 Dickson's Historical Geography of the Clans. 2 Chambers's History of the Rebellion. 

13 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

Ruddiman himself had retired to the country, and he himself declares ' I 
never saw that young gentleman (the Prince) but once, and that not above 
two minutes.' ' At the advanced age of seventy-one he could not promote by 
any active measures the cause of his heart, and, with a sort of nunc-dimittis 
sensation, he conceived that one short glimpse of his idol was sufficient for 
his own contentment." 2 

From 23rd September to 25th November 1745 Ruddiman deemed it wiser 
to publish the Caledonian Mercury anonymously, and it should be added that 
the paper was also unstamped, as the stamp office had been removed to the 
castle when the Highlanders approached. On 1st November 1745 James Grant 
resigned his partnership in the firm, joined the Jacobites, and eventually had 
to seek safety in France. 

In February 1746 Ruddiman carefully read over his Vindication of 
Buchanan, correcting the faults of the printer and author, from which he had 
scarcely ceased when he was attacked by George Logan, who in December 
published A Treatise on Government, and a second treatise in April 1747. 
These attacks were provoked by Ruddiman's Jacobitical notes to Buchanan, 
and were intended to prove that the right to the crown of Scotland was 
not hereditary in the Jacobite sense. 

About three weeks after the battle of Culloden, fought 16th April 1746, 
the Marquis of Tullibardine wandered to the house of a son of Buchanan of 
Drumakiln, who through his wife was a connection of his own ; but Buchanan 
and his father betrayed their guest, who was taken prisoner and confined in 
Dumbarton Castle. The elder Buchanan then sent the following notice to the 
Caledonian Mercury : "By a letter in Town from the West, there is advice 

that the Marquis of Tullibardine with five others, and Mitchell the young 

Pretender's governor had surrendered themselves and were confined in Dum- 
barton Castle. That the said Marquis was in a very bad state of health, 
and it was thought could not live many days." 

The two Buchanans then came to Edinburgh to claim the Government 
reward, but the official desired them to call next day for the money. Mean- 
while he sent to Thomas Ruddiman, who found the original on his file in 
the old laird's handwriting, and sent it to the commissioner, who next day 
handed the document, folded up, to the two lairds, saying : " There is an order 
on the treasury which ought to satisfy you." 3 

In July 1747 Ruddiman published an Answer to Logans late Treatise 

1 Preface to his Dissertation concerning the Competition between Bruce and Baliol. 

2 Chambers's History of the Rebellion. 

3 Letters by Mrs Grant of Laggan, printed by Scottish History Society. 
14 



3 




THOMAS RUDDIMAN 

(NO. IV.) 

after portrait by de nune, painted 1 749 

in possession of 

James Steuart, Esq. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

on Government. In September 1747 Ruddiman's only surviving son Thomas 
died, leaving his sister Alison as his executrix and heiress in the firm. She, 
however, conveyed her right to her father, who on 16th May 1748 entered 
into a new co-partnership with his brother Walter, in which they agreed to 
carry on the printing business and the newspaper share and share alike. 

In April 1749 Logan sent out A Letter to Ruddiman, in May a Second 
Letter, and four others followed. Ruddiman did not reply, as he said Logan 
"had laid aside all regard, not only to common decency, but to demonstrative 
proof." Logan died 1755. 

Ruddiman's next assailant was his former friend, John Love, who in May 
1749 issued A Vindication of Mr George Buchanan "from the vile aspersion 
cast on him by Camden, that he repented, when dying, of what he wrote 
against Mary, Queen of Scots, which falsehood has been since retailed by 
Messrs Sage and Ruddiman." Although 75 years old, Ruddiman took up the 
pen in self-defence, and in July 1749 issued Animadversions on a late Pamphlet, 
entitled, A Vindication of Mr George Buchanan. 

In 1750 the great Dr Samuel Johnson wrote to Mr James Elphinstone, 
" Please to present a set (of Johnson's works) in my name to Mr Ruddiman, 
of whom I hear that his learning is not his highest excellence." 

Mr John Love, mentioned above, died in 1750, and Ruddiman, with true 
magnanimity, remembered only that Love had once been his friend, and pub- 
lished a most kindly notice of him in the Caledonian Mercury. 

In 1 75 1 he edited and published Livii Historia. This edition is known 
as the " immaculate " from its entire exemption from errors of the press. 

In October 1751 his eyesight failed him, and being no longer able for 
his duties at the Library, he sent in his resignation to the Faculty of Ad- 
vocates on 7th January 1752. His letter of resignation was written in English, 
expressing his gratitude for their many favours and offering his prayers for 
their future honours. When Dr Johnson heard of it, he said " that such a 
letter from such a scholar ought to have been in Latin." 

In 1753 Ruddiman's Notes to Buchanan's works, published thirty-eight 
years before, brought him yet another adversary. Mr James Man published 
Censure and Examination of Mr Thomas Ruddiman's Philological Notes on 
the Works of the great Buchanan, more particularly on the History of Scotland. 

In January 1754 Ruddiman replied with Anticrisis, or a Discussion of 
the scurrilous and malicious Libel, published by one James Man, of Aberdeen. 
Reviewers then entered into the controversy, and our grammarian, " havino- 
jealous apprehensions for his scholarship," published in January 1756 his last 
work, Audi Alteram Partem; or, a farther vindication of Mr Thomas Ruddi 

IS 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

mans Edition of the Great Bruhanaii s Works from the many gross and vile 
Reproaches unjustly thrown upon it by Air Ja7?ies Man. 

But the time had come when he had to turn from the contests and 
amusements of literature to more serious objects. " For seven years he had 
lived under the affliction of bodily diseases of various kinds ; but his mental 
powers remained unshaken to the end. He had been long afflicted by the 
strangury ; he had been somewhat stupefied by deafness ; and at the same 
time that the sight of one of his eyes was lost, the vision of the other was 
almost extinguished. But the pressure of his infirmities only gave ardour to 
his piety, and the debilities of age only invigorated the steadiness of his faith." 

He had made a disposition of his property on 17th May 1746, but various 
changes induced him to make a new Settlement on 22nd March 1756. John 
Gordon, an advocate ; James Wright and Thomas Boswell, writers ; and Walter 
Ruddiman, his brother were appointed executors. His will arranged for the 
payment of his just debts and his widow's jointure ; for the behoof of his only 
daughter during her life, and after her decease for the general benefit of her 
children in equal portions. 

In 1756 he obtained a patent for the sole printing of his Rtidiments and 
Latin Grammar. 

Thomas Ruddiman died at Edinburgh on Wednesday, 19th January 1757, 
in his eighty-third year, and was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery on the 21st. 

" 1 757 Jany. 21st Mr Thomas Ruddiman Keeper of the Advocates Library." 1 

In the Edinburgh Evening Cotirant and the Caledonian Merairy, both dated 
22nd January 1757, appears the same obituary notice, extending to about a column 
in length, in which he is referred to as "the learned Mr Thomas Ruddiman, 
not more distinguished by his extensive knowledge than by his eminent virtues." 
He passed away "without extreme Sickness or Pain, but by a gradual Decline, 
and with such uncommon Distinctness and Composure, as illustrating that Ex- 
pression of the psalmist ' mark the perfect Man, and behold the Upright, for 
the End of that Man is peace.' " 

A handsome tablet to his memory was erected in New Greyfriars Church 
in 1 80 1. An illustration of which as it now (1901) appears is given on 
next page. 

Instead of the words "Erected 1801," the following words, "This Tablet 
is erected as a respectful tribute by his relative, William Ruddiman, M.D. 
MDCCCL," appear to have formed part of the original inscription, as they are 
quoted in the Elogia Septt-lchralia Edinburgena, published 18 14, and in The 

1 Greyfriars Burial Register. 
16 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674- 1757. 

Epitaphs and Monumental Inscriptions in Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, 
published 1867. 

There was a fire in New Greyfriars, and Colonel Thomas Ruddiman Steuart, 
a descendant of the grammarian, used to tell the story that on entering the 
churchyard he met a man carrying off this monument on his back, and made 
him return it. 1 It is probable that the stone was damaged at this time, which 
would account for the difference in the inscription. 




Thomas Ruddiman's Monument in New Greyfriars Church. 

In the Greyfriars churchyard, on the Steuart's monument, the following 
inscription appears : — 

"Thomas Ruddiman, M.A. ; died 19th January 1757, aged 
83 years. Anne Smith, his wife ; died October 1769, aged 75 
years." 

Mrs Ruddiman died and was buried 13th October 1769 2 in Greyfriars 

Cemetery. 

"1769 Oct. 13 Mrs Rudiman, spouse to Mr Rudiman, Printer." 3 

"Oct. 13th 1769. At Edinburgh Mrs Anne Smith, relict of Mr Thomas 

Ruddiman, late Keeper of the Advocates Library." 4 



1 A. Francis Steuart. 
3 Greyfriars Burial Register. 
C 



2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 
4 Weekly Magazine. 



17 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

" She is described by the Reverend Robert Walker, who had often seen 
her, as a woman of fine aspect, elegant manners, and amiable disposition." 1 

In the Register House, Edinburgh, there is a deed, dated and registered 
10th August 1772, in connection with Mrs Anne Ruddiman's Trust. The trustees 
were John Mackenzie of Delvine, W.S. ; Dr George Stuart, Professor in Edin- 
burgh University (see Note No. XXIX.) ; John Hutton, Merchant in Edinburgh 
(see No. XXXI.); and William Henry, Writer in Edinburgh. A "factory" is 
appointed, as although the printing business was carried on as "Walter Ruddi- 
man & Co.," Mrs Anne Ruddiman and John Hutton were partners in it. 

At the time of his death Thomas Ruddiman was probably worth about 
,£3000, exclusive of the Caledonian Mercury, which remained in his family till 
1 6th May 1772, when it was sold by the trustees of his grandchildren to Mr 
John Robertson. He was an original member of the British Linen Company, 
which was first established in Edinburgh 1746, and having a share of ^30o, 2 
had a vote in choosing the governor, deputy-governor, and directors. 

As regards Thomas Ruddiman's appearance, he is described as "of middle 
stature and a slim habit, but of a frame so compact as to have carried him on 
beyond the period which is usually assigned to man. His gait till the latest 
period of his life was upright and active. His eyebrows were arched and bushy, 
and his eyes were originally so piercing that it required steady impudence to 
withstand their fixed look or sudden glance." 

" His dress of ceremony is described by the Reverend David Love, who 
saw him in August 1747. He had on a grizzle wig, which was much curled, 
and but slightly sprinkled with powder. His coat was of cloth, and of a mixed 
orange colour ; his waistcoat, like the waistcoat of Johnson when he attended 
his Irene, was of scarlet cloth, and decorated with broad gold lace. His shirt 
was ornamented with very deep ruffles." 1 

" He was a man of such uncommon temperance, that in the course of so 
long a life he never was once intoxicated with liquor. He loved indeed a 
cheerful glass ; but when he was wound up by the enjoyment of friendly society 
to his accustomed exhilaration, he would then refrain from drink, saying that 
the liquor would not go down." 1 

" He appears, indeed, to have never had any great affection for those con- 
vivial meetings called clubs. His industry at no period of his life allowed him 
to look for refuge in the resorts of idleness. He tells us himself 'that he never 
was concerned in any club but two : the one, which set up many years before 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

2 I had the bank books examined, and found this statement correct. — G. H. J. 
18 




ANNE SMITH 

Third Wife of Thomas Ruddiman 
(no. IV.) 

after portrait by de nune, painted 1 749 

in possession of 

James Steuart, Esq. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

he was engaged in it, consisted of gentlemen of considerable rank, such as Sir 
Thomas Moncrief and Sir William Scott, of doctors of physic, and of episcopal 
ministers ; the other was set up by schoolmasters, who were joined by persons 
of greater importance, for improving themselves in useful learning, without 
meddling with church or state.'" 1 

Note. — Except where otherwise stated, the above notes are taken from 
Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 



Clnna: &****£ 



Signature of Anna Smith, Third Wife of Thomas Ruddiman. 



19 



No. IV. Thomas. Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 



BOOKS, MANUSCRIPTS, PROPERTY. 

I. (a) HIS Own Works. — A list of these, with the dates of publication and Ruddiman's 
age when each was published, is given at the end of the biography. 
(b) As regards his Latin Rudiments, Rivington published a pirated edition in 1758, 




_ 'Of 



Thomas Ruddiman's Signature. 

but being threatened with an action, handed over all the copies to Ruddiman's 
widow. 

The seventeenth edition (20,000 copies), printed 1769. 

The eighteenth edition (10,000 copies), printed 1770. 




Thomas Ruddiman's Bookplate. 1 



About the year 1778 Dr Adam, of the High School, Edinburgh, began to use a 
new Latin grammar ; but the four classical masters adhered to Ruddiman's. 



20 



1 The Greek motto means : " To careful labour all things vassals prove." 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674- 1757. 

The matter was referred to the Principal and Professors of the College in 1785 
and to the Town Council in 1788, and it was then decided that Ruddiman's 
only should be used. 
II. His Library was sold by auction in the auction-house in the Old Assembly Close. 
Time of sale, Four to Eight at Night. " The Books will be sold only for Ready 
Money." The sale began Wednesday, 1st February 1758, and went on for 
eighteen nights. There were 2810 lots. 

III. BOOKS in My Possession, by him or connected with him. 

(a) Of books written by him, I have marked on the list of his works which follows 

those which I possess. 

(b) I also possess a copy of his Vindication of Buchanan, 1745, which is a presentation 

copy to Hercules Lindesay, and bears a long inscription in Latin in Ruddi- 
man's handwriting. 

(c) I also possess two copies of his Life, by Chalmers ; his Booksale Catalogue, referred 

to above; A Discoverie of Certaine Errours, by Brook, 1724, which formed lot 
2590 in his sale; and Kriegk's de vita Justi a Dransfeld, 17 17, which formed 
lot 766 in his sale. These last two works belonged to Ruddiman's library, and 
bear his bookplate. 

IV. MANUSCRIPTS. — His descendants, the Steuarts, possess his MS. Jacobite Tracts, and the 

prayers written out by his third wife on behalf of their fellow " Rebels " under 
sentence of death. 1 
V. Property. — His descendants, the Steuarts, possess innumerable things which belonged 
to him — books, articles of furniture, etc. 



1 A. Francis Steuart. 



21 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 



NOTICES OF RUDDIMAN. 

I. In Registers. 

" 1738 Apr. 28th Friday 9 A.M. In Mr Thomas Ruddiman's House, Edr. marryed 

Pat. Hardie, Smith in Bridges of Braid & Anne Scott, Servt (13 years in Mr 

Ruddimans family) upon a Certificate of their Banns & a Licence." 1 
" 1740 Dec. 27th Saturday. F. St. Jo. Mr Thos. Ruddiman & I walked to Braid 

Brigs, where I baptised a daur. of Peter Hardie, Smith, & Ann Scott named 

Jacobina. Capt — Douglas & his two daurs ckcpnt." 1 
"1742 Octor 19 Tuesday 1130 A.M. Mr Ruddiman, Jo. Gillan, & I walked to 

Braids Briggs, where I baptised a daur. of Pat. Hardie, Smith, & Ann Scott, 

named Alice. Alice (Alison) Ruddiman, Mrs MacCulloch &c pnt." 1 
" 1743 Nov. 13th Alexander Cockburn, Forrester in Ormiston Wood & Susanna 

Craig, servatrice to Mr Thomas Ruddiman, Keeper of the Advocated Library." 2 
See also Life of his daughter Alison, (No. VI.). 
II. In Books. 

(a) History of Edinburgh up to 1780, by Hugo Arnot. " The learned Ruddiman, who 

is the best antiquarian Scotland has produced." " That celebrated scholar and 
antiquary, Thomas Ruddiman, A.M." 

(b) The Life of Thomas Ruddiman, by George Chalmers, 1794. From this book the 

most of the above biography is taken. 

{Note. — David Hume said of this book that it " is valuable as containing 
some of the finest specimens of mixed bombast and bathos in the English 
language.") 

(c) BoswelPs Life of Johnson, 1791. 

In 1766 Dr Samuel Johnson, after reproving Boswell for some bad Latin, signifi- 
cantly adds : " Ruddiman is dead." Boswell says : " He (Ruddiman) was also 
a man of the most worthy private character. His zeal for the Royal House 
of Stuart did not render him less estimable in Dr Johnson's eye." Again, on 
April nth, 1773, he says: "I told Dr Johnson that I had some intention to 
write the life of the learned and worthy Thomas Ruddiman." He said : " I 
should take pleasure in helping you to do honour to him." Again, on August 
21st, 1773, Boswell says: "We stopped at Lawrence Kirk, where our great 
grammarian, Ruddiman, was once schoolmaster. We respectfully remembered 



1 Registers of Baptisms and Marriages of Old St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Carrubber's Close, Edinburgh. 

2 Edinburgh City Parish Marriage Register. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

that excellent man and eminent scholar, by whose labours a knowledge of the 
Latin language will be preserved in Scotland, if it shall be preserved at all. 
Lord Gardenston, one of our judges, collected money to raise a monument to 
him at this place, which I hope will be well executed. I know my father 
gave five guineas towards it." This proposed monument was never erected. 1 

(d) Autobiography of the Rev. Dr Alexander Carlyle, 1722- 1805, Minister of Inveresk, 

says Dr Pringle was " held equal to Dr John Sinclair, Professor of the Theory 
of Medicine, the most eminent Latin Scholar at that time, except the great 
grammarian Ruddiman." 

(e) Scotland and Scotsmen, by James Mitchell, LL.D. 1825. "This eminent scholar." 

(f) Biographical Dictionary, by Robert Chambers, LL.D. 1835. "Thomas Ruddiman, 

a celebrated philologist and Latin Grammarian." " The learned and acute 
Grammarian." 

(g) Life and Works of Robert Fergttsson, by A. B. G. Published 185 1. A story is 

told of the grammarian by his relative, Miss Janet Ruddiman (see biography 
No. XXVII.). A lady once said to him, "Mr Ruddiman, you have written 
many a book for gentlemen in the languages, but not one for the ladies. 
Why ? " " What ! the languages, madam," was his reply, " the languages ; 
no — no — one tongue is sufficient for any woman." 
(h) Critical Dictionary, by S. Austin Allibone. 1871. "This eminent Latinist." 
(7) Old and New Edi?iburgh, by James Grant. (1881 ?). "The office of librarian 
(Advocates Library) has been held by many distinguished men of letters, 
among them was Thomas Ruddiman." " The eminent grammarian and scholar, 
Thomas Ruddiman, . . . who is so well known in Scottish Literature." 
(J) Article on the Melvin Memorial Window {see next page), by Sir William D. Geddes, 
Principal of Aberdeen University. Printed in the Aberdeen Journal, 7th Sep- 
tember 1885. Thomas Ruddiman " made himself famous in the annals of 
Scottish learning and typography, first, as a grammarian, the greatest that 
Scotland has produced ; and secondly, as an editor of Latin authors, including 
his famous Livy and Buchanan, which are still prized for their typographical 
beauty and critical value." His " Grammatica Latince Institutiones was thought 
so highly of in Germany, that Stallbaum reprinted it in 1823, as nowise anti- 
quated even in the age of such grammarians as Wolf and Hermann." 2 
(k) Encyclopedia Britannica. 1 886. "An eminent Scottish Scholar." 
(J) History of the Bdssandyne Bible, with notices of the early printers in Scotland, by 
W. T. Dobson. 1887. "Thomas Ruddiman, a distinguished grammarian, 
scholar, and printer." 
(w) Scotland and Scotsmen in the 18th Century, from MSS. of John Ramsay of Ochtertyre, 
edited by Alex. Allardyce. Published 1888. Note by Editor.—" Although Mr 



1 Rev. Thomas Scott, M.A., minister of Laurencekirk, 1900. 

2 This article was reprinted in James Melvin, Rector of the Grammar School of Aberdeen, by David 
Masson, LL.D., Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature, Edinburgh University. Published Aberdeen 
1895. 

23 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 

Thomas Ruddiman was an excellent Latinist and philologist, he was rather a 
versifier than a poet." 

(«) Dictionary of National Biography, vol. xlix. 1897. Contains a long and favour- 
able account of him. 

(0) Social Life of Scotland in the 18th Century, by H. G. Graham. 1899. "Best of 
all the band of scholars was the erudite Jacobite Thomas Ruddiman." " No 
more worthy man lived in the city (Edinburgh) than the old scholar." " He 
had become a prosperous man, as was the great grammarian's due." " That 
worthy scholar's biographer (Chalmers) pronounced a panegyrical prophecy (in 
reference to the Latin Rudiments) that ' this work will transmit our gram- 
marian's name with celebrity to every age so long as the Roman language 
shall be taught in Scotland.' Not quite ; but it did attain in use a respect- 
able longevity of 150 years." 

(J>) Lord Monboddo and some of his Contemporaries, by Win. Knight, LL.D. Published 
1900. " He was (at Laurencekirk) under a learned master, Ruddiman." 



MEMORIAL WINDOW. 

The Memorial Window in King's College Library, Aberdeen, is known as the " Melvin 
Memorial Window." It was erected in 1885, the necessary funds being granted by the 
trustees of Dr Melvin's sister, supplemented by Dr Francis Edmond of Kingswells. The 
window was designed and produced by Messrs Hardman & Co., Birmingham, and their 
artist, Mr Powell. The window is divided into four panels, each in memory of an eminent 
Latinist: first, Thomas Ruddiman, the grammarian (1674-1757); second, George Buchanan, 
historian and Latin poet (1506-1581); third, Arthur Johnston, M.D., Latin poet (1587- 
1641) ; fourth, James Melvin, Rector of the Grammar School, Aberdeen, whose classical 
library was presented to King's College, and who died 1853. 1 

Note. — The window is reproduced opposite, but the fourth or Melvin panel is omitted. 



1 Article in Aberdeen Journal, 7th September 1885, by Sir William D. Geddes, Principal of Aberdeen 
University. 



24 





I'*!**!**!*! 



:nst;MS[ 



MEMORIAL WINDOW 

IN THE LIBRARY, KING'S COLLEGE, ABERDEEN 

TO 

THOMAS RUDDIMAN (NO. IV), BUCHANAN, JOHNSTON, AND MELVIN 
(THE LAST NOT SHOWN) 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 



PORTRAITS. 

Thomas Ruddiman. 

I. Oil painting, by De Nune, 1749, in possession of James Steuart, Esq., his descendant. 
II. Engraving of above, by Bartolozzi, which forms the frontispiece to Chalmers's Life 
of Thomas Ruddiman. 

III. Oil painting, anonymous, belongs to James Steuart, Esq., his descendant. The 

inscription on the back is : — 

"Mr Thomas Ruddiman 
Library Keeper to the 
Faculty of Advocates 
A.C 1741. .(Etat 67." 

A facsimile of this picture is in my possession. 

Note. — Numbers I. and III. are reproduced in this work. 

IV. Water colour, by David, eleventh Earl of Buchan (1742- 1829), now, 1901, in 

Scottish National Portrait Gallery, which is inscribed as follows : — 

" Bu [Seal] CHAN 

Dryburgh Abbey 

March 29 

1815 

To the memory of the 

learned Ruddiman whom I 

visited in his old age & 

whom I much regarded." 

Note. — This is either a reversed copy of No. I., or was painted from memory, so it is not reproduced, 
but a facsimile is in my possession. 

Mrs Thomas Ruddiman (Anne Smith, his third wife). 

I. Oil painting, by De Nune, 1749, in possession of James Steuart, Esq., her de- 
scendant. 

Note. — This portrait is reproduced in this work. 



25 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 



WORKS OF THOMAS RUDDIMAN. 

Year of his Date when 

age. finished. 

20. Rhetoricce Compendium, incerto Auctore, a T. Ruddimanno turn Juvene, 

admodum aliquibus locis interpolatum. MS., 8vo., not published . 1694 

28. Excerptions out of Several Authors. MS., 4to, not published . . 1702 

33. Florentius Vo/usenus, de Animi tranquillitate, Dialogus ; cum prefatione 

Ruddimanni. Edin., 8vo ....... 1707 

35. Johnstoni Cantici Salomo?iis Paraphrasis Poetica ; cum notis Ruddimanni. 

Edin., 8vo ......... 1709 

36. Gawin Douglas's Virgil's JEneid. The Glossary, with other prefixes, by 

Ruddiman, Edin., folio . . . . . . .1710 

39. Forrest s Vocabulary, Latin and English, improved by Ruddiman. Edin., 8vo 17 13 

39. In Obitum A. Pitcarnii. Single sheet ..... 171 3 

40. The Rudiments of the Latin Tongue. Edin., 8vo. Grammatical Exercises; or 

Turner's Praxis, adapted to the Rudiments, by Ruddiman. Edin., i2mo 17 14 

41. Buchauani Opera Omnia; cum notis Ruddimanni. 2 vols. Edin., folio 17 IS 

48. Epistolce facobi p, etc., of which Ruddiman was the editor. Vol. I. Edin., 

8vo .......... 1722 

49. Ovidii Decerpta ex Metamorphoseon ; libris notis Anglicis Willimottii et 

Ruddimanni. Edin., i2mo ...... 1723 

50. Epistolce facobi 4.', etc. Vol. 2. Edin., 8vo ..... 1724 

* 51. Grammatics Latino? Institutiones Animadversionibus, Pars Prima. Edin., 

8vo ......... 1725 

53. Selecta Poemata Archibaldi Pitcairuii. The Preface by Ruddiman. Edin., 

8vo . . . . . . . . . . 1727 

* 57. Grammatical Latiticz Institutiones Animadversionibus, Pars Secunda. Edin., 

8vo . . . . . . . . . .1731 

(Seven editions were published in his lifetime.) 

59. A Dissertation upon the Way of Teachitig the Latin Language, etc., with 

Remarks on fohn Clarke . . . . . . 1733 

63. Buchanan's Psalms, with Notes by Professor Robert Hunter, T. Ruddi- 
man, and John Love ....... 1737 

65. Selectus Diplomatum et Numismatum Scotice Thesaurus. The Preface, etc., 

by Ruddiman. Edin., folio ...... 1739 

66. Critical Remarks on Burman's Notes on Ovid's Works. MS., folio, pp. 87, 

not published ........ 174° 

68. Scott's Sermon on Psalm xi. 7. The Preface by Ruddiman. . . 1742 



26 



* The writer possesses copies of the books thus marked. 



No. IV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1674-1757. 



Year of his Date when 

age. finished. 

59-68. The Catalogue of the Advocate's Library, begun in 1733, and printed, 

except the last page, in 1742 ...... 1742 

* 71. A Vindication of Buchanan's Paraplirase of the Psalms against the Objec- 

tions of Win. Benson. Edin., 8vo ..... 1745 

71. Notes on Barman's Lucan. MS., folio, pp. 40, not published . . 1745 

* 7^. An Answer to Logan's late Treatise on Government. Edin., 8vo . . 1747 

(George Logan published six treatises against Ruddiman's Annotations 
on Buchanan.) 

* 74. A Dissertation, concerning the Competition for the Crown of Scotland, be- 

tween Robert Bruce and John Baliol. Edin., 8vo . . . 1748 

* 75. Animadversions on a late Pampldet, entitled, A Vindication of George 

Buchanan, etc. Edin., 8vo . . . . . . 1749 

yj. Livii Historia. Edin., 4 vols., i2mo. Ruddiman was the editor . . 175 1 
78. A Letter to Mr John Garden, as to the Manner in which the Romans Pro- 
nounced their own Language. MS., 4to, pp. 25, not published . 1752 
80. Anticrisis ; or a Discussion of a Scurrilous and Malicious Libel, published 

by one James Man, of Aberdeen. Edin., 8vo .... 1754 

* 82. Audi Alteram Partem, etc. Edin., 8vo ..... 1756 



* The writer possesses copies of the books thus marked. 



27 



No. V. Thomas Ruddiman, 1714-1747. 



V. 

THOMAS RUDDIMAN, only surviving son of Thomas Ruddiman (No. 
IV.) by his second wife, Janet Horsbrugh, was born 4th January 1714, 1 
and baptised 5th January 17 14 — witness, Walter Rudiman, printer. 2 He 
was liberally educated, and afterwards learned printing. 1 In 1735 he 
was made a burgess of Cupar : — 

" At Cupar the Twenty Second day of August Jai 3 vij and 
Thirty fyve years In presence of the Honble. Mr James Leslie 
Advocate Provost of the burgh of Cupar, William Geddie Dr 
George Bethune, William Couper Baillies and William Gregorie 
Dean of Guild of the said Burgh. Which day Mr Thomas 
Rudiman son to Mr Thomas Rudiman Keeper of the Advocates 
Library at Edinr. Is Admitted and Received Burgess and Guild 
brother of the said burgh of Cupar and to the whole Liberties 
privileges & Immunities thereof who gave his Oath fideli as use 
is. Extracted By Jo. Imrie, Clerk." i 

On 13th August 1739 his father resigned his share of the printing business 
to him, at the same time lending him ^250.' In 1744 he became a burgess 
and guild brother of Edinburgh. 

" 1744, Nov. 28. Compeared Thomas Ruddiman, Junior, printer in Edin- 
burgh, and made burgess and gild brother in right of Mr Thomas Ruddiman, 
Printer, and burgess and gild brother of this burgh, his father, and gave his 
oath and payed for his duty to the Dean of Guild " (Thomas Allan), etc. 5 

Thomas Ruddiman, junior, became principal manager of the Caledonian 
Mercury in November 1745, after its editor, James Grant, rushed into the 
rebellion. 1 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 2 Edinburgh City Parish Register. 

3 "Jai" stands for one thousand; originally it was written 300 (' rnille), but as time went on the 
clerks, probably not knowing the symbol, detached the last stroke of the m, and made it into a j, and 
finally shortened it into an i. The first portion of the m resembled an a, hence the form used in the deed. 

4 Original burgess ticket in possession of James Steuart. 5 Burgess Roll. 

28 



No. V. Thomas Ruddiman, 1714-1747. 

It is said that when Grant was in Glasgow he provided himself with type 
and a printing press, taken from different printing houses, and took them along 
with him to Bannockburn, printing proclamations, etc., for the Prince. 1 Chalmers 
says that Mr Boswell informed him "that Ruddiman's son attended the 
Pretender in his marches with his printing press, and printed his declarations ; 
and that, being for this imprisoned, Ruddiman, by the advice of Lord 
Achinleck, applied for his discharge to Archibald, Duke of Argyle, by a 
letter, in which he called the late rebellion the late insurgency, and by no 
persuasion could be made to alter it." 2 

The Caledonian Mercury was regarded with peculiar jealousy by the Govern- 
ment, and for an unlucky paragraph, which had been copied from an English 
newspaper and printed in significant italics, its manager, young Thomas Ruddi- 
man, was arrested in December 1746, and confined in the Tolbooth of Edin- 
burgh. 2 "The publisher of the Mercury restrained his liberty, and no accounts 
but the Government's to be published." 3 

His father obtained his release at the end of six weeks ; but he had con- 
tracted a disease in the Tolbooth from which he never recovered. He died 9th 
September 1747, 2 and was buried on the 11th in Greyfriars Cemetery. 

"1747 September 11th Mr Thomas Ruddiman printer," 4 

His half-sister, Alison, was his executrix and heiress. 2 



1 Lyon in Mournitig, vol. ii., issued by Scot. Hist. Society, 1895. 

2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 "Facts that Ingross the Present Conversation, May 1746." This paper belongs to Mr Erskine of 
Cardross, and is printed in A List of Persons Concerned in the Rebellion, published by the Scot. Hist. 
Society, 1890. Note that the date here given does not agree with Chalmers's statement. 

4 Greyfriars Burial Register. 




Signature of Thomas Ruddiman. 



29 



No. VI. Alison Ruddiman, 1730-1806. 



VI. 

ALISON RUDDIMAN, daughter of Thomas Ruddiman (No. IV.) by his 
third wife, Anne Smith, was born in 1730. 1 She was named after her 
mother's aunt, Alison Young. 1 On 4th September 1747 she married 
"at the age of seventeen" 1 James Steuart, Writer in Edinburgh, 1,8 
son of Charles Steuart (1675-1731), Stewart-Clerk of Orkney. 

" 1747, Sept. 4. Friday, 6 p.m. In Mr Thos. Ruddiman's in the Parliat. 
Closs, marry'd (pr. Liturg.) James Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, only 
daur. of the learned & good Mr Ruddiman, Keeper of the Advocate's Library. 
Walter Ruddiman, Printer ; his wife & daur. pnt. A Certificate of yr. Banns 
being produced." 2 

On the death of her half-brother, Thomas Ruddiman, junior, on 9th Sep- 
tember 1747 (see No. V.), she became his heiress and executrix; but she con- 
veyed her right in the printing business to her father (see No. IV., p. 15). 
The following are the baptisms of their children : — 

" 1748, Sept. 3. Friday, 5 p.m. In the Cowgate 'twixt the college and 
horse wynds, baptized a daur. of James Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, 
named Anne. Mr & Mrs Ruddiman, Spors., Walt. Ruddiman, his wife & daur. 
&c. pnt." 2 

"1749, Deer. 26. Tuesday, 6 p.m. In the Cowgate, baptized a daur. of 
James Stewart, Extractr, named Alison. Mr Thos. Ruddiman, Mrs Ruddiman, 
Walter Ruddiman & Eliz Stewart pnt.— (pr. Liam)." 2 

"1752, Jan. 17. Friday, 5 p.m. In the Parliat. Closs, baptized a daur. of 
Jas. Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Isabel. Isob. Bailie (for Mrs 
Coventry), Mr. Thos. & Walt. Ruddiman, Spors. & Jo. Belchear, pnt., pr. 
Liam." 2 

" 1754, Septer. 17. 4^30 p.m. In the Writers Court, baptized a son of Jas. 
Stewart, Writer, & Alice Ruddiman, named Thomas Ruddiman. 3 The learned 
& worthy grandfather, Wm. Inglis, Isab. Bailie, & Lady Mackenzie, Spors." 2 

1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

2 Register of Old St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Carrubber's Close, Edinburgh. 

3 James Steuart had an interest in the Ruddiman's printing business until about 1770, and his eldest 
son, Thomas Ruddiman Steuart, was apprenticed to the business, but later became a doctor (A. Francis 
Steuart). 

30 



No. VI. Alison Ruddiman, 1730-1806. 

" 1758, Aug. 3. Thursday, 5 p.m. At Moultreshill, 1 baptized a daur. of 
James Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Coecilia. Messrs Paton, 
Gray, W. Ruddiman & Hutton &c pnt. — pr. Litm." 3 

"1760, Sept. 18. Thursday. At Moulters Hill, Mr Harper, Junr. (in my 
absence) baptized a son of Jas. Stewart, Writer, & Alice Ruddiman, named 
Charles." 3 

"1763, June 10. Friday, 6 p.m. In Moulters Hill, baptized a son of James 
Stewart & Alison Ruddiman, named William, pr. l.m. Wm. Inglis, Jo. Hutton, 
Munro, & ■ Gardener, &c pnt." 3 

" 1764, Oct. 5. Friday, 4 p.m. Clelands Zeards, baptized a daur. of James 
Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Frances. Mrs Stuart of London, 
name mother. Messrs W. Ruddiman, Rt. Gray & Mrs Threipland &c. pnt. — 
pr Litm." 3 

Of these children, "Thomas Ruddiman Steuart, her eldest son, is a physician 
in Sheffield, in Yorkshire, and has many of the talents and much of the worth 
of his grandfather. 4 Her second son, Charles, is a Writer to the Signet at Edin- 
burgh, a profession which he executes with Ruddiman's diligence and modesty. 
Her third son, William, went, when a youth, into the military service of the 
East India Company, and acquiring the Eastern languages, became a corre- 
spondent of Sir William Jones, and is now assistant-resident at Hydrabad, and 
possesses both integrity and address, which qualify him to negociate with Scindia. 
She has also four daughters — Anne, Cecilia, Frances, and Mary — who, with all 
the attractions of women, are still unmarried. Such are Ruddiman's grand- 
children, who are destined to continue his race." 5 

The four daughters in the order given above died at the advanced ages of 
ninety, sixty, seventy-eight, and ninety-one respectively, and all unmarried. 

In the index of Reiours, or Sei~vices of Heirs, I found the following : — 

"Ruddiman, — Alison (or Stewart) in Edinburgh, to her mother, Ann Smith, wife 
of Thomas Ruddiman, Librarian, Advocates Library, Heir General, 2nd Oct. 1 771." 

" Ditto, above designed, to her mother, Ann Smith, widow of Thomas Ruddi- 
man, Keeper Advocates Library, Heir General, 6th October 1785. Recorded 
10th October 1785." 

" Ditto, above designed, widow of James Stewart, Edinburgh, to her Gdaunt 
Alison, daur. of Rt. Young, merchant there, Heir Portioner General, 5th Feb. 
1806. Recorded 14th Feby 1806." 

" In the house at Clelands Gardens (Multer's Hill), 1 James Steuart and 

1 This house was inherited from Mrs Ruddiman, the third wife of Thomas Ruddiman (No. IV.) 2 

2 A. Francis Steuart. 3 Register of Old St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Carrubber's Close, Edinburgh. 
4 See note 3, page 30. 6 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

31 



No. VI. Alison Ruddiman, 1730- 1806. 

his wife, on the birthday of Prince Charles Edward, gave an annual supper- 
party in honour of the day, and on the 31st December 1787 (the last 
birthday), there assembled under their roof many distinguished Jacobites, 
amongst whom were the Laird of Gask, the Earl of Kellie, Robert Gray 
the writer, and last and greatest Robert Burns the poet, then in Edinburgh. 
The poet addressed to James Steuart, when invited to be present, the lines 
beginning : — 

" Tho' something like moisture conglobes in my eye, 
Let no one misdeem me disloyal ; 
A poor friendless wanderer might well claim a sigh, 
Still more if the wandered were royal." 

in a letter, still preserved ; and the glasses with which the health of ' the 
King over the water ' was drunk by all the guests are still treasured " 1 (in 
the Steuart family). 

Alison Ruddiman (Mrs Steuart) died 7th Sept. 1806, and was buried in 
Greyfriars Cemetery. Her husband (B. 1 718) died 7th December 1802, and 
was also buried there. 2 Many of the descendants of their second son, Charles, 
are alive to-day. (See pedigree). 

SIGNATURES. 
Signatures of both Mr and Mrs Steuart are here given : — 



/TT\,csrL 






PORTRAIT. 

Miniature of Alison Ruddiman, in possession of James Steuart, Esq., is here 
reproduced. 

PROPERTY. 

The Steuarts possess Alison Ruddiman's prayer book, where the name 
of the king — "George" — is carefully erased. 3 

1 Preface by A. Francis Steuart to Life of Colonel Thomas Ruddiman Steuart. 

2 Steuart Monument in Greyfriars Cemetery. 

3 A. Francis Steuart. 
32 







ALISON RUDDIMAN 
(NO. VI.) 

Wife of James Steuart, Esq. 

after miniature in possession of 

A. Francis Steuart, Esq. 



No. VII. James Ruddiman, c. 1680 bef. 1739. 



VII. 

JAMES RUDDIMAN, second son of James Ruddiman (No. II.), was born 
about 1680 at Raggal, in Boyndie parish, Banffshire. He was a farmer 
at the Bog of Montblairy, in Alvah parish, 1 and his rent in 17 16 was 
.£154 and fifty-four bolls. 2 He married Isabel Ruddiman 3 (see No. X.). 
He and his wife are referred to in the following baptisms : — 

"1725, March 8th. Isabel daughter of Patrick Barklay in Bog of Mont- 
blairy. Witness James Ruddiman in Bog of Montblairy, named after Isabel 
Ruddiman in Bog of Montblairy." 4 In this baptism he and his wife are 
mentioned. 

"1727, April 7. James Ruddiman in Bog of Montblairy witness to baptism 
of Isabel daughter of William Lemman." 4 

" 1730, March 29. James Ruddiman witness to baptism of James son of 
Peter Simpson." 4 

"1731, Nov. 1. James son of Peter Barklay. Witnesses James Ruddiman 
in Bog, and James Ruddiman in Newton." 4 In this baptism he and his 
eldest son are mentioned. 

He and his brother John erected the monument to their father's memory 
in Alvah churchyard, which is still (1901) in existence (see No. II.). He 
died before 1739, 3 but his wife was living in 1744. 5 

They had at least four children — James (No. VIII.), Thomas (No. IX.), 
John (No. X.), and Walter (No. XL). 

PORTRAIT. 

There is in my possession an oil painting of him when he was aged appar- 
ently between forty-five and fifty, so was probably painted about 1725. The 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 See baptism of her granddaughter Isabel (page 37). 

5 Their son John's Will, see No. X. 



2 W. Cramond. 

4 Alvah Baptismal Register. 

33 



No. VII. James Ruddiman, c. 1680 bef. 1739. 

style of wig represented was worn from about 1685 to 1740. This portrait is 
here reproduced. 

Note. — It should be mentioned that this portrait, and also the two portraits 
of Walter Ruddiman (No. XL), were sold by Miss Alison Steuart Ruddiman 
(No. XXIV.), to Mr R. P. Sutherland, a dealer, in Leith Walk, Edinburgh, 
and he informed Dr David Laing, the antiquary, of his purchase. Dr Laing 
immediately informed my father, the late T. B. Johnston {see No. XV.), who 
at once purchased them. This was in 1871, and in 1897, at T. B. Johnston's 
death, they passed into my possession. It only remains to be added that my 
mother knew the portraits well, having frequently seen them in the houses of 
her grandparents and aunts. 



34 




25x30 



JAMES RUDDIMAN 
(no. vii.) 

after painting in possession of 
G. H. Johnston 

PAINTED ABOUT 1725 



No. VIII. James Ruddiman- 



VIII. 



JAMES RUDDIMAN, eldest son of James Ruddiman (No. VII.). He 
lived in Newton of Montblairy, and was described as "younger" in 
his father's lifetime. He is mentioned in the following baptisms : — 

" 1722, Feby. 27th. Margrat lawful daughter to William Hackat 
in Bog of Montblairy. Witnesses James Ruddiman, yr. ; and John Ruddi- 
man " 1 (his brother). 

" 1727, March 16th. James son of James Smith. Witness, James Ruddi- 
man, Newtown." x 

" 1727, March 18th. Walter son of Walter Paterson. Witness James 
Ruddiman, Newtown." 1 

" 1727, July 4th. Elspet, daughter of Thomas Ruddiman in Newtown 
of Montblairy (his brother). Witnesses James Ruddiman yr. in Newtown and 
John Ruddiman in Bog" 1 (his brother). 

"1731, Nov. 1st. James, son of Peter Barklay. Witnesses James Ruddi- 
man in Bog (his father) and James Ruddiman in Newtown." l 

1 Alvah Baptismal Register. 



35 



No. IX. Thomas Ruddiman- 



IX. 



THOMAS RUDDIMAN, second son of James Ruddiman (No. VII.). 
In August 1724 as Thomas Ruddiman, Bog of Montblairy, he 
witnessed the baptism of Thomas, son of George Allardice. 1 

He appears to have been twice married. The name of his first 
wife is not to be found, but the baptism of his child is on record : — 

"4th July, 1727. Elspet, daughter of Thomas Ruddiman in Newtown of 
Montblairy, witnesses James Ruddiman, yr. in Newtown and John Ruddiman 
in Bog " l (his brothers). 

In Banff marriage register is the following : — 

" 14th October 1753 James Gardener in Banff and Elspeth Ruddiman 
contracted but not married." 

In Alvah marriage register the entry reads : — 

"Oct. 14th 1753 James Gardner in Banff and Elspeth Ruddiman in this 
parish." 

Thomas Ruddiman was a litster (dyer) at a later period in Fordyce, in 
which parish he married for the second time : — 

" 1 8th Augt. 1738 Thomas Ruddiman and Isabel Brown both in this 
parish contracted and consigned Pledges, which after marriage were given up." 2 

In 1744 as "Thomas Ruddiman, Litster in Fordyce" he was appointed 
an executor under the will of his brother John (see No. X.). 

1 Alvah Baptismal Register. 2 Fordyce Marriage Register. 



36 



No. X. John Ruddiman— -1744- 



X. 



JOHN RUDDIMAN, third son of James Ruddiman (No. VII.), succeeded 
his father in the farm of Montblairy. 1 He married Ann Mitchell. 2 He 
appears as a witness in following baptisms : — 

" 1722 Feby. 27 Margrat lawful daughter to William Hackat in 
Bog of Montblairy. Witnesses James Ruddiman yr. & John Ruddiman." 3 

" 1725 Aug. 9. John Ruddiman, witness to baptism of Agnes daughter 
of James Panton in Bog of Montblairy." 3 

"1727 July 4th. Elspet daughter of Thomas Ruddiman (No. IX.) in 
Newtown of Montblairy. Witnesses James Ruddiman, yr. in Newtown, and 
John Ruddiman in Bog." 3 

"1728 Feb. 1 2th. John son of George Grant. Witness John Ruddiman 
in Bog." 3 

He had the following children : — 

(a) " 1739, Aug. 12. Isabel daughter of John Ruddiman in Bog of Mont- 
blairy, name mother Isabel Ruddiman relick of James Ruddiman in Bog of 
Mountblairy. Witness Mr Walter Ruddiman in Bog of Mountblairy " 3 (No. XL). 

According to Chalmers, John Ruddiman "left a daughter that married 
George Robertson, a sea - commander." l It was evidently Isabel who was 
referred to, as I found the entry of her marriage : " George Robertson, Ship- 
master in Banff & Isabel Ruddiman in Gamrie were contracted and married 
at Banff 21st May 1757." 4 

(6) " 1741, May 25. Janet daughter of John Ruddiman in Bog. 3 Died 
before 1744." 5 

(c) "Margaret liv. 1744." 5 

The inventory of his estate and the original Will are still (1901) in the 
Register House, Edinburgh. He signed his Will 15th September 1744, and 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 2 See Will below. 3 Alvah Baptismal Register. 

J Banff Marriage Register. •' His Will below. 

37 



No. X. John Ruddiman — -1744- 

it was proved at Aberdeen iith March 1745. It is there stated that he 
died in October 1744. His estate is valued at ^335, 4s. iod. There are 
legacies to his wife Ann Mitchell, and to his "only children Isobel and 
Margaret Ruddimans," so that his daughter Janet referred to above must 
have died in his lifetime. He refers to his deceased father James Ruddiman 
in Bog of Montblairie, leaves a legacy to his mother Isabel Ruddiman, and 
says that at her death his two brothers named below are each to have ^100 
Scots. His executors are Thomas Ruddiman, litster in Fordyce, Walter Ruddi- 
man, merchant in Banff, his brothers ; Alexander Milne at Mill of Alvah, and 
George Grant of Clayfields. A "John Rudieman in Bog of Montblairy" 
was cautioner for the trustees, and also signed the deeds, but as I cannot 
identify him his signature is not reproduced. 

The three signatures given below are traced from the three pages of his 
Will. 







t^na/Z- 



38 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 



XI. 

WALTER RUDDIMAN, fourth son of James Ruddiman (No. VII.), 
born in 17 19. 1 On 12th August 1739 he witnessed the baptism of 
a daughter of his brother John 2 (see No. X). On 23rd September 
1739, as "Mr Walter Ruddiman in Bog of Montblairy," he witnessed 
the baptism of Walter, son of John Dason. 2 

In the Will of Thomas Ruddiman in Sandley (see Appendix C, note E), 
proved at Aberdeen 24th November 1 741, "Mr Walter Ruddiman in Bog of 
Montblairy " is appointed to look after the sale of the effects. Walter signed 
the deeds connected with the sale (see copies of his signature on p. 50, taken 
from the originals, now, 1901, in the Register House, Edinburgh). 

Under his brother John's Will, proved at Aberdeen nth March 1745, he 
was appointed an executor, and is described as " Walter Ruddiman, merchant 
in Banff." By "merchant" a printer was probably meant, as shortly after this 
date he came to Edinburgh and commenced business as a printer. 3 There were 
then two firms of printers in Edinburgh of the name of Ruddiman : — 

(A) The older firm was composed of Thomas Ruddiman, the grammarian 
(see No. IV.), his son Thomas (see No. V.), and his brother Walter (see No. 
XXIX.). 

(B) The younger firm was founded by Walter (of whom we are now treat- 
ing), nephew of the grammarian, and was continued by his sons. 

In 1754 he was admitted a burgess of the city of Edinburgh: — 
"1754 Sept. 11th. Walter Ruddiman, Printer, Junior, compearing is made 
Burgess of the Burgh, and gave his Oath, and paid for his Duty to the Dean 
of Guild (David Flint) One Hundred Merks Scots in satisfaction of the Dues. 



1 Greyfriars Burial Register. 2 Alvah Baptismal Register. 

3 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

39 



.~V. 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

Conform to an Act of the Town Council made anent the admission of un- 
freemen." 1 

About the year 1754 he married Janet Bradfute (see Appendix A). 

In 1754 he printed a translation of, and supplied the glossary to, The 
Celebrated Speech of Ajax to the Grecian Chiefs, in Ovid." 

In July 1757 he established the Edinburgh Magazine. The following is 
the title page, reduced from 8| x 4 



3 ._ 
4. • 



THE 



EDINBURGH MAGAZINE. 



MDCCLVII. 



VOLUME I. 



F/oriferij ut opct in faltibus cmnia libant. 
Omnia noj. 



EDINBURGH: 
printed by Walter Ruddiman Junior and CoMPAHT, 

MO 1 OCC O'j Clofc, LflWN-MAUKtT. 



In the Advocates' Library there are no volumes of this magazine, but in 
the Signet Library are Vols. I., II., III., V., and VI., published in the years 
1757, 1758, 1759, 1761, and 1762 respectively. In Vols. I. -III. the imprint is 
the same ; in Vol. V. it is altered to — 

Printed by Wal. Ruddiman jun. ; W. Auld, and Company, 
Morocco's Close Lawn-Market ; 3 

and in Vol. VI. it reverts to that in Vols. I. -1 1 1. This magazine he afterwards 
either gave up or sold. 



1 Burgess Roll. - Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 3 See Appendix E. 

40 




25x30 



WALTER RUDDIMAN 

(NO. XI.) 

AFTER PAINTING IN POSSESSION OF 

G. H. Johnston 

PAINTED 1752 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719—1781. 

On 7th July 1768 he published the first number of the Weekly Magazine, 
or Edinburgh Amusement, 8vo. The following is the title page, reduced 
from 8x5: — 

THE 

WEEKLY MAGAZINE, 



EDINBURGH AMUSEMENT, 



COWTAIM1XC 

The Esjewck of all the Macazines, RrvifWS, News- 
papers, &t. pubhihed in Creat Britaim. Alfo Ex- 
tract* from every new Wotk of Merit, whether political, 
liicrary, ferioui,or comical . being A Rcgtitrr <af the WritiPa* 
2' d TiuttaCtvaoi of the. Timet. 



VOLUME I, 



Fhriftrlt ul afei In Joltiiu emnta Kbar.l, 
Omnia mi. 



EDINBURGH; 

Ptirted by and for W a L. RuDDIBt It, Jli. 
Fordicr*) Wynd, Lawn-tnirkct. 



Then follows the dedication of the magazine 



TO 

SIR LAWRENCE DUNDAS, Bart. 

MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT 

For the CITY of EDINBURGH, 

This PERIODICAL WORK, 

Calculated 

For the INSTRUCTION and AMUSEMENT 

Of the PUBLIC, 

Is humbly inscribed by 

His most obedient 

And 

Most devoted Servant 

WAL. RUDDIMAN, Jun. 



41 



r-~--^^W~ 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

After the dedication follow these verses by Walter Ruddiman to Sir 
Lawrence Dundas, and to the Readers of the Magazine : — 

t o 
Sir LAWRENCE DUNDAS, Bart. 
Member of Parliament for the 
City of Edinburgh. 

Di tibi divitias dederint, artemque fruendi. HoR. 

WHILST corrupt Boroughs venal ends pursue, 
Their genuine int'rest ever out of view. 
Whilst av'rice, leagu'd with faction, bears command, 
And public virtue is exil'd the land. 
Whilst specious liberty, that imp of pow'r, 
Fires the pretended patriot of an hour : 
Edina's Rulers form a nobler plan, 
Far nobler motives guide them to the Man. 
Merit alone inspires their happy choice, 
And detur Digniori is the voice. 

Lo ! native Worth points out her fav'rite Son, 
His Claim enroll'd by Virtues all his own ; 
Such measures grandeur to Edina brings, 
Th' Imperial Seat of Caledonian Kings ! 
Where Senates, 'erst like Romans, held debate, 
And more than Roman in their fame and fate. 

Hail generous man ! by Providence assign'd 
To distribute its favours to mankind ; 
On whom it smil'd, that SCOTIA too might smile, 
(Neglected corner of a glorious Isle!) 
Whose Bounty thro' the land diffusive flies, 
And re-ascends like incence to the skies ; 
As genial show'rs, to earth in mercy given, 
Descend, and rise again in dew to Heav'n. 
Such, in a thousand instances exprest, 
The Lame, the Orphan, and the Beggar blest. 

Nor are his gifts to private views confin'd, 

But rise to objects of sublimer kind. 

Whilst Alma Mater lies o'erwhelm'd with rust, 

Immur'd in ruins, and deform'd with dust ; 

Whilst all her Sons her crumbling portals mourn, 

And anxious wait her rescue from the urn ; 

Soon shall his heart his healing hand employ, 

Bid Learning smile, and Science leap for joy. 
42 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 



At his approach, see haggard Faction fled, 
See old Edina rear her rev'rend head ; 
Half pleas'd behold, yet half with jealous eyes, 
A younger, fairer, darling Sister rise, 
To deck whose charms the kindred arts conspire, 
Palladio's graces, and Vitruvius' fire ; 
Where symmetry with just proportion shines, 
And grandeur mixt with elegance combines. 

Still more illustrious scenes invite our view, 
For ages talk'd of, but in prospect new. 
Long had our active Sires their sails unfurl'd, 
To ope a passage to the western world. 
Long had they brav'd, but often brav'd in vain, 
The storms and whirlpools of the northern main ; 
Their commerce check'd, their schemes of traffick lost, 
Crampt and encumber'd by a length of coast, 
Where in succession growing dangers greet, 
And, should you pass Charybdis, Scylla meet. 

To shun the rock and caprice of the breeze, 
The project bold to join the kindred seas ! 
The latent channels of the deep explore, 
And scoop a passage to the Indian shore : 
To drain the lake, direct the spring to flow, 
And teach the stream a backward course to go : 
Divide the mountain, bid the riv'let cease, 
The rock to level, and the vale to raise, 
The pow'rs of art and nature to command, 
And roll obedient rivers thro' the land *. 
Thus shall the fam'd canal its waves extend, 
First lave the fields, then with the ocean blend. 
Hence life to trade, and to the labourer health, 
Perennial source of industry and wealth ; 
Where busy hands, and loaded barks shall ply, 
Thick as the insects of a summer sky. 

For whom reserv'd to prop this mighty plan ? 
The Muse replies, Sir Lawrence is the Man ; 
Whose liberal soul such godlike blessings brings ; 
These are imperial works, and worthy kings * ! 

Proceed, great Man ! each public plan to try, 
Till old Edina with Augusta vie. 
May time mature, and wisdom guide your schemes, 
Till Forth possess a traffic like the Thames. 



* These from Pope. 



43 



^^- 3 — ^- - : ~~ ""■■f : ~-n 1 1 fclli'iil ¥ 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 



Long, for such noble purposes design'd, 
May heav'n preserve this friend of human kind : 
Long, to his wish, its choicest gifts impart, 
With all that liberality of heart ; 
And when at last the glass of fate is run, 
May the Son finish what the Sire begun. 
Still from that stem may branches bloom around, 
And flourish with paternal virtues crown'd ; 
By worthy deeds ennobl'd may they shine, 
And Patriots still descend thro' all the line. 

Wal. Ruddiman, Jun. 

TO THE 

READERS 

OF THE 
WEEKLY MAGAZINE. 

Resurgo. 

I WHO ere while, by emulation led, 
Fondly pursu'd the magazining trade ; 
Explor'd the paths to lrterary fame, 
Gave genius praise, and merit all its claim ; 
Survey'd the scenes of war with candid zeal, 
And mark'd each hero as he fought or fell ; 
Or oft, with charms of pow'rful fancy smit, 
Travers'd the fields of poetry and wit ; 
Again embark, anew invoke the gale, 
Resume the helm, and spread the willing sail : 
Again review the progress of the mind, 
The actions, passions, humours of mankind : 
In short excursions range around the globe, 
And visit nature in her native robe : 
Exhibite art in all her various powers, 
And make the mysteries of science yours. 
Now, a recluse, the state of learning scan, 
Now catch invention poring o'er her plan. 
Now, distant regions studious to explore, 
Waft modes and manners from a foreign shore. 
In page historic ponder Europe's fate, 
And seem to weigh the balance of the state ; 
Yet still avoid in party rage to rake, 
Let Faction sleep, but bid the Patriot wake. 



44 



. 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

To softer scenes sometimes conduct your view, 
And strow with flowers the paths you shall pursue ; 
In jovial mood a gleam of mirth diffuse, 
And sport with wit, and triffle with the Muse. 
A well couch'd fable, or a moving tale, 
Full often o'er a feeling heart prevail. 

Nor monsters, nor of miracles I boast, 
Nor giants from the Patagonian coast. 
My sole ambition to convey with ease 
A taste for pleasure, with a sense to please ; 
Import examples fit for age or youth ; 
The commerce candour, and the traffick truth. 

Yet should I sometimes plow the barren main, 
And like the Dolphin beat the seas in vain ; 
Or, like old Argo in her voyage to Greece, 
Return successful with the golden fleece : 
My baffled efforts your indulgence claim ; 
For 'tis your province to commend or blame. 
If in my cause your favour shall engage, 
And with fresh vigour animate the page ; 
Then shall those sheets o'er envy's self prevail ; 
Your hearts the compass, and your smiles the gale. 

Then, should some corsair critic come abroad, 
And strive to board me with his iron rod, 
Aided by you, I'll stand on my defence, 
Elude his rage, or check his insolence. 
My plan the rule that regulates the ball, 
Each for himself, and Providence for all. 

W. R. Jun. 

"It was attempted to be copious in essays as a magazine, and early in 
intelligence as a newspaper. This miscellany consists chiefly of original essays 
on agriculture, manufactures, and other topicks, and of extracts from new publi- 
cations ; besides select pieces from other magazines and reviews and the articles 
of intelligence. As all this was afforded very cheap, the publication was very 
successful. Indeed it became so, in a degree unpresedented in Scotland ; for 
in winter 1776, the number of copies sold amounted to three thousand weekly." 1 



Arnot's History of Edinburgh. 

45 



ymirii*r—MMi ^a^Mnmii 111 1 ■«■ ^,.-^.-,-~..__.-^_ 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

In 1770 Walter Ruddiman printed a work by Cornaro, of which the follow- 
ing is the wording of the title page : — 

" Sure methods of attaining a long and healthful life, with means of correct- 
ing a bad constitution. Written originally in Italian, by Lewis Cornaro, a noble 
Venetian, when he was near an hundred years of age. Edinburgh, printed by 
Wal. Ruddiman, jun., in Forrester's Wynd, Lawnmarket, MDCCLXX." 1 

Robert Fergusson, the Scottish poet (born 1750, died 1774), contributed his 
first poems to the Weekly Magazine in 1 77 1, and these were followed by others, 
till his early death ended his career. 2 

In April 1772 Walter Ruddiman appears to have assumed his son Thomas 

as a partner, as the imprint on the title page of the magazine was then 

altered to : — 

Walter and Tho. Ruddimans. 3 

In Williamson's Directory of Edinburgh, published 1773, the firm is 

Walter Ruddiman & Son, 
Foresters Wynd, 4 Printers. 

In 1773 W. & T. Ruddiman published Poems by R. Fergusson, by sub- 
scription, and upwards of 500 copies were sold. 2 This little volume — i2mo, 
containing 132 pages — is now (1901) worth £<->? 

Walter Ruddiman gave Fergusson "not large, but regular payment, and two 
suits of clothes, an every-day and Sabbath suit every year." 2 

In 1773 Walter Ruddiman, with his daughter, accompanied Fergusson to 
the Theatre Royal to hear an epilogue which the poet had composed. 2 

Fergusson died in 1774, and left a Will in "doggerel verse," which ends 

with : — 

" And I consent to registration 
Of this my will for preservation, 
That patent it may be, and seen 
In Walter's Weekly Magazine." 

In the Codicil to this Will he leaves his portrait, by Runciman, to Walter 

Ruddiman : — 

" To Walter Ruddiman, whose pen 

Still screened me from the Dunse's Den, 
I leave of phiz a picture, saving 
To him the freedom of engraving 

1 Letter to The Scotsman, 7th September 1893. 2 Works of Fergusson, by A. B. G. Pub. 1851. 

3 Walter is no longer called "junior," his uncle of the same name being dead. 

4 See Appendix E. 5 Wm. Brown, Bookseller, Edinburgh. 

46 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

Therefrom a copy, to embellish 

And give his work a smarter relish, 

For prints and frontispieces bind do 

Our eyes to stationary window, 

As superfluities in clothes 

Set off and signalize the beaux ; 

Not that I think in readers eyes 

My visage will be deem'd a prize ; 

But works that others would out-rival, 

At glaring copperplates connive all ; 

And prints do well with him that led is 

To shun the substance, hunt the shadows ; 

For if a picture, 'tis enough, 

A Newton or a Jamie Duff. 

Nor would I recommend to Walter 

This scheme of copperplate to alter, 

Since others at the samen prices 

Propose to give a dish that nice is, 

Folks will desert his ordinary 

Unless, like theirs, his dishes vary." 1 2 

In 1776 Mrs Ruddiman died, and her death is announced in the Weekly 
Magazine of 23rd May as follows :— 

"May 2 1st 1776. At Edinburgh, Mrs Janet Bradfute, wife of Mr Walter 
Ruddiman, printer there, most justly regreted by all who knew her." 

She was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh, on 24th May 1776. 

" Mrs Ruddiment, spouse to Mr Walter Ruddiment, Printer. Buried foot 
of Browns Ground, south of Bannatynes tomb." 3 

The prosperity of the Weekly Magazine "excited a jealousy in the authors 
of some other periodical works. A memorial was presented to Lord North, 
setting forth that, although this was nominally a magazine, it was truly a news- 
paper ; and, that its not being subjected to stamp-duty, was a hurt to the 
revenue, as well as a prejudice to those periodical publications which were sub- 
jected to the tax. 4 Upon this an order was directed to the proper officers, to 
levy and sue for all duties on papers containing news or occurrences." 5 

A suit was accordingly brought before the Exchequer, and was heard 16th 

1 Works of Fergusson, by A. B. G. Pub. 185 1. 

2 This portrait seems to have been lost; but see the biography of his son Thomas, No. XII. 

3 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

4 Note. — "The imposition in 1713 by Act, 10 Anne, c. 17, of a stamp-duty of id. on newspapers larger 
than half a sheet {'A.&. if otherwise), which tax was gradually increased by various statutes (in 1756, 17S9, 
and 1797) till it amounted to 4d., was a great hindrance to the progress of the press in the 18th century." — 
Oracle Encyclopedia. 6 Arnot's History of Edinburgh. 

47 



No. XL Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

June 1777. Walter Ruddiman was defended by Messrs Rae, Maclaurin, and 
Crosbie. He lost the case, however, and the Weekly Magazine was found liable 
for the duty. 1 

In consequence of this action, Walter Ruddiman detached the miscellaneous 
part from the historical, or "news" portion, in order to escape the stamp-duty 
for two sheets. The miscellaneous part retained the old title, but the historical 
part was issued as a new newspaper entitled Ruddimaiis Weekly Mercury, of 
which the following is the first page, reduced from 9^ x 6 : — 



NUMBER f. VOLOM2 I.- 



-Price THllEE-PENCE. 



RUDDIMAN*s WEEKLY MERCURY. 



THUa3 DAY, JUL T 3- 1777. 



To mi PUBLIC. 

HAVING, in our gratis Specimen 
nff Uie WEEKLY MERCURY, 
given a broad bint, io a ihon Allegory, 
«>f the origin, progTtfft, and iffoe of the 
Ftofecuciuii againft u?, we fliall not re* 
fume ttut diiagrceable fuhject. It is 
Row o:ir buunefs to look forward, and 
to ftilfil with punctuality our" engage- 
ments to I tee Public. 

We have all along made it our (Tudy 
to arrange the nuterialsof our Jliftory in. 
a trio re mcihod-cal manner th.in ia com- 
monly done. Tiris plan we intend j flill 
tb p urfuc. We (hall, at the lame time, 
endeavour to m;ikc as judrciou&a ftlec- 
tl&n of probable or authentic Intelli- 
gence a? in our power. The avidity of 
mankind for News it *fuc''» that they 
greedily fwaltow the Lie of the day ; let 
but a night or two elapfc, till the rmpo- 
iition is detected, they then fettle into a 
fuller* gloom, and imagine tbetnfclvea 
groiUy bunamed- We liave however a 
fairer chance. to aeoid tbis blunder than 
Pipers of more frequent publication, 
feejnga rumour, while It yet flics on the 
dmihttuJ wings of report, may either 
ripen into confirrfiatfion, or he Qatly con- 
tnt dieted, before we cari preienl it for 
public infprclion. 

' This P--ipeT haa likewift- Come other 
peculiar advantages. It came out. on 
proof, m the courfe of* the Trial, that 
the circulation of Ore WEEKLY KtfA- 
GA^lNE wae nearTytq'ial to that of all 
the 'Ellin tfurgft I^ws -papers taken toge- 
ther, and as we have >ruod grounds to 
rtpcvt, that' the WEEKLY MEKC JRY; 
will- fall little fhnrVof t''e former num- 
ber 1 , It mnR therefore aff>d an eTttenlWe! 
channel' of coniryance for Advenife- 
rhenti, cfpecisJiy ftitb as ate of general 
iropor, aiul ar.y.-how refpect the ccmn- 
€rfi 'So ipfctt JA'iWrrtitirracrJts La'aPa- 
Vol, I. 



per of very limited cire-aTstiop,c!rhatF, 
in a great mcafufe, the pur pole cX 
therh, oral leaft aufwerstt very partial", 
ly. To arWertifc is to giv* notice, i*> 
give intelligent*, and if llial notice i$ 
confined to a narrow circle, it la next to 
throwing away money to be at the ej^ 
fence or it. 

This Publication is, befidea, calculb- 
tfrf for prefcrvation. The forrq in 
wb.ch it is printed, though at firfl GgbV 
it has not the air ot a Ne.vs-'papcr, will 
be found by the Purclutfe'r more com- 
modious than he is aware of. It may 
cither be bound' along with the- Maga- 
zine quarterly, or make a handTome fe> 
parate Volume ev*ry half ye«r, whie'S 
may be conlidered as a Record. — It is 
true,' tills gentleman has been condem- 
ned ai a delinquent, is obliged to change 
his name, and now wears the fiajge? 
of Slavery. He is thus running his 
quarantine of reformation, like the con* 
vicls on the Thames, but with this dif- 
ference, that he cannoti alas! like thenr, 
fee an end of his fervitudc : he Will, 
however; be found a very faithful and 
diligent fellow; nor fbould we wiih that 
his new liveries (which are indeed ccflljr 
enough) mould be often fuljied, by. \-A 
being employed in tlie fame mean fgh-jJe 
offices a* many of his brethren are; bai if 
his rnafler is fnWlined, he. will find \Sfn 
equally pafli«e and pliable as iny of 
them. 

On the whole, the WEEKXY Atfc{;. 
CURY. whjrt her conjoined with the Bja- 
gaiine,, or tafen fcparately.R'ill be found 
to anfwer all the etiuntiir) purppfeS 0/ a. 
Ntews- paper (tlpecially in me more re 
mote corners*--!' Scollaud), at die niott 
moderate price. 



fol 



*,* Ab wr have had rrTtn^r repeated /r% 
limitations from 0111 Eriends t,o. aitcrwA 
tr diy of pnbucatlbn;, we fliall cojppjJx ^ji, 
vritb't-hrlr rtqdcft ji fooo a* poifiUc. 



•^S% 




teHi 



The tax on this paper amounted to a halfpenny per copy. It was published 



48 



1 Caledonian Mercury, iSth June 1777. 




25 x 30 



WALTER RUDDIMAN 
(NO. XI.) 

AFTER PAINTING IN POSSESSION OF 

G. H. Johnston 

PAINTED 1777 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

without either printer or publisher's name until the thirteenth number, published 
24th September 1777, when it bears: — 

Edinburgh. Printed for and by Walter and Thomas Ruddiman. 

From January 1778 the Mercury was enlarged from 8vo to 410 form. 1 
In 1779 Walter and Thomas Ruddiman published Part II. of Fergtissoris 
Poems. 2 

In December 1779 the imprint on the Weekly Magazine was altered to: — 

Wal. and Tho. Ruddiman. 

The forty-seventh volume began 30th December 1779, and the title was 
then altered to : — 

THE 

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE, 

e 
LITERARY AMUSEMENT. 

COHTAIHIHO, 

The ijiihci of olJ die MAcazmUi atvnwi, la. 

With a variety of onciwi risen by win of lite**tu*e. 
botb m noil and viitc- 

Alfo uniCTs from *ei» «ublicatio>h of mcnt, on whatever 
subject or scuncj. 

Being an entertaining aico*n of the wkitihcs and T*i«ACriowi 
of the times. 

VOLUME XLVII. 



^afil."""'""""™ 



Pnriferu ot apef in faltibus omnia libant. 
Omnia no* 



EDINBURGH. 

Ptinted by and for Waitm and Thomis RuddiwiM. 

MiDCC^JtaUL 

Reduced from 8x5. 



and so it continued till January 1782, when the imprint was again altered to: — 

Thomas Ruddiman and Company. 

The Weekly Magazine extended from 7th July 1768 to 25th September 
1783, and from 1st April to 24th June 1784, being Vols. I.-LVII., and LX. 
I possess a whole set. In 1780 fourteen hundred copies were published weekly. 3 

1 Note to part issued 24th December 1777. 2 Works of Robert Fergusson^ by A. B. G, Pub. 1S51. 
3 Arnot's History of Edinburgh. 

G 49 



No. XL Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 

I also possess the Weekly Mercury from 3rd July to 24th December 1777; 
and in the Signet Library are copies up to 18th December 1782. On 31st 
July 1782 the imprint was altered to: — ■ 

Thomas Ruddiman & Company, Forresters Wynd. 

In 1780 eighteen hundred to two thousand copies were published weekly. 1 

Walter Ruddiman died in 1 78 1, as the following notices show: — 

"Monday, June 18, 1781 ; on Saturday morning early, died here, Mr Walter 
Ruddiman, printer, nephew to the late celebrated antiquary, Mr Thomas Ruddi- 
man, and the first who attempted the publication of a Weekly Magazine in this 
country ; in the conducting of which, for these many years past, he has dis- 
covered a degree of genius and literary merit not inferior, perhaps, to any of 
his contemporaries." 2 

"June 16, 1781. Last night died, much regretted, Mr Walter Ruddiman, 
printer in Edinburgh." 3 

"June 16, 1781. At Edinburgh Mr Walter Ruddiman, printer, nephew of 
the late celebrated Mr Thomas Ruddiman." 4 

"June 16th 1781. At Edinburgh Mr Walter Ruddiman, Printer, one of 
the publishers of this paper." 5 

He was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

" 19th June 1 781. Mr Walter Ruddiman, Printer, 2 D.P. (double paces), 
S.E. Balintyns Tomb, 62, Decay." 6 

WRITING. 

The only specimen I have seen is his signature, of which a facsimile is 



/^ '<^£V^ 



cl*L 









Walter Ruddiman's Signature. 



given here, taken from the will of Thomas Ruddiman in Sandley (see Appendix 
C, note E). 



1 Arnot's History of Edinburgh. 
3 Edinburgh Evening Coura?it. 
6 Ruddiman's Weekly Mercury. 
SO 



2 Caledonian Mercury. 

4 Scots Magazine. 

6 Greyfriars Burial Register. 



No. XI. Walter Ruddiman, 1719-1781. 



PORTRAITS. 

There are two oil paintings of him in my possession. For account of these, 
see No VII., p. 34. 

I. The earlier portrait bears "W R. pixt. 1752." 

II. The later portrait shows also a copy of the Weekly Magazine, dated 
March 6th, 1777, and the painter has signed his name on an 
envelope, "William Turner." 

In the younger portrait the eyes are brown, and in the later blue. 



Walter Ruddiman left four children— Thomas (No. XII.), John (No. XXV.), 
Walter (No. XXVI.), and Janet (No. XXVII.). 



Si 



No. XII. Thomas Ruddiman, 1755-1825. 



XII. 



THOMAS RUDDIMAN, eldest son of Walter Ruddiman (No. XL), was 
born, according to his burial record, in 1755. He attended Mr Bartlet's 
class in the Edinburgh High School during the years 1763 and 1764. 1 
After this he joined his father in the printing business, and was assumed 
a partner in April 1772, as the imprint on the Weekly Magazine was then 
altered to : — 

Walter and Tho. Ruddimans. 

Robert Fergusson, the poet, died in 1774, and as he was a great friend of the 
Ruddimans, who published many of his poems in the Weekly Magazine, Thomas 
Ruddiman wrote his life, or rather three lives of him. 2 

On the death of his father in 1781 Thomas Ruddiman assumed other 
partners, as the imprint on the Weekly Magazine was altered in January 
1782 to : — 

Thomas Ruddiman and Company. 

As mentioned in the biography of Walter Ruddiman (No. XL), Fergusson, the 
poet, left him his portrait. This portrait appears to have been lent to a Mr 
Cummyng, who lost it, as the following letters from Thomas Ruddiman to him 
show : — 

"Tuesday, 7th May 1782. Tho. Ruddimans compliments to Mr Cummyng, 
begs he would look among his papers for a quarto book of drawings which 
T. R. left with Mr C. some months ago. It contains a sketch of the likeness 
of R. Fergusson, whose works T. R. has nearly ready for publication, and wishes 
to have his head engraved with all speed. If Mr C. will leave the book with 
his son, T. R. will send for it this afternoon." 2 



1 High School Register. 2 Works of Robert Fergusson, by A. B. G. Pub. 1851. 

52 



No. XII. Thomas Ruddiman, 1755-1825. 

Again, in a postscript to another letter, dated 14th May 1782, Thomas 
Ruddiman says : " The want of Fergusson's head is an infinite loss to me at 
present." 1 

The frontispiece portrait to the edition of Fergusson's poems published in 
1 85 1 is said to have been re-engraved from an impression of a copperplate 
which is said to have belonged to Walter Ruddiman ; : but no trace of the 
original portrait has been found. 

In 1782 Thomas Ruddiman printed Poems on Various Subjects, by Robert 
Fergusson, in two parts. The second edition. 1 

In Williamson's Directory of Edinburgh, 1784-85, he is described as "Ruddi- 
man, Thomas, printer and publisher of the Weekly Magazine, Forrester's Wynd." 

In 1785 T. Ruddiman & Co. printed the third edition of Fergusson's 
poems. 1 

Thomas Ruddiman seems to have been acquainted with the poet Robert 
Burns, as on the appearance of the first or Kilmarnock edition (July 1786) of 
the latter's poems, Ruddiman sent him the following versified letter, in which 
he alludes to the poet Fergusson x : — 

" Poor Fergusson ! I kent him weel, 
He was a blythsome, canty chiel, 
I've seen him roun' the bickers reel 2 

An' lilt his sang, 
An' crack his joke, sae pat an' leal, 

Ye'd ne'er thocht lang." 1 

Burns' first visit to Edinburgh lasted from 28th November 1786 to 5th May 
1787, and it is possible that Thomas Ruddiman only made his acquaintance then. 
It will be remembered that in February 1787 Burns petitioned and obtained 
leave to erect a stone over Fergusson's grave, and himself wrote the 
inscription. 

There is a copy of a Deed in the Register House, Edinburgh, dated 10th 
April 1787, and registered 30th June 1788, which says that Thomas Ruddiman 
and Samuel Falconar accepted a bill for ^105, granted by William Kerr, of 
the General Post Office, Edinburgh, dated 27th September last. This bill was 
granted for sole use of Thomas Ruddiman, so he now signs this deed to free 
Falconar, and he binds himself and his heirs to pay the money on 12th May 
1787. 



1 Works of Robert Fergusson, by A. B. G. Pub. 1851. 

2 This line is from Fergusson's " To my Auld Breeks." 

53 



No. XII. Thomas Ruddiman, 1755-1825. 

About this time he assumed his brother John as a partner, for the imprint 
on The Town and Country Almanack for 1789, a copy of which is in my pos- 
session, is : — 

Printed by Thomas Ruddiman, and sold by T. & J. Ruddiman, Booksellers 
and Stationers, South Bridge St., Edinburgh. 

They still did their printing at Forrester's Wynd, for in Aitchison's Directory 
of Edinburgh, 1797, is "Ruddiman, Thomas, Printer, Forresters Wynd, house, 
No. 2 St. James St." According to my mother, his other houses were 35 
Frederick Street and 30 Castle Street. 1 

The two brothers appear to have neglected the business, which was wound 
up about the year 1798. 

On Tuesday, July 16, 1799, he issued No. 1 of The Leith Commercial 
Post, 2 the heading of which is here reproduced. In the first column he describes 
himself as "the Editor (formerly Publisher of the Weekly Magazine and of 
Ruddiman's Weekly Mercury)." The imprint is " Leith — Printed every Tuesday 
and Friday by Thomas Ruddiman, Bernard's Street." Price 6d. each paper. 
How long this paper continued I do not know. 

The Leith Commercial Poft. 

•Number l. TUESDAY, JULY 16. 1799. Gratis. 

Size of Paper— Four Pages Each, 19 x 13 Inches. 

In Denovan & Co.'s Directory of Edinburgh, 1804-5, I find "Ruddiman, 
Tho., Charlotte Street." 

In 1 8 16 he became a trustee on his brother John's estate, and he and his 
wife, "Jane Steirs or Ruddiman," succeeded to the life interest of ^1000 (see 
John Ruddiman Ker's Will, No. XXV.). 

He died at 79 George Street, 3 19th July 1825, 4 and was buried in Grey- 
friars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

" 1825 July 25. Mr Thomas Ruddiman, Late Printer, Aged 70, East of 
James Hope's Tomb." 5 

In the Edinburgh Evening Courant of 28th July 1825 is this notice: "Died 



1 He was living in Castle Street in 1813 {see his brother John's Will, No. XXV.). 

2 Copy in my possession. 3 Ruddiman Family Papers. 
4 Gold locket with his hair in my possession. 5 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

54 



No. XII. Thomas Ruddiman, 1755-1825. 

at No. 79 George Street, Edinburgh, on the 19th instant, Mr Thomas Ruddi- 
man, in the seventy-first year of his age." And in the Caledonian Mercury of 
the same date: "At 79 George Street, on the 19th current, Mr Thomas Ruddi- 
man, in the 71st year of his age." 

According to my mother, he was a Tory in politics, and an Episcopalian. 

His wife, Jean Stear, born about 1763, was a daughter of James Stear by 
Christian, sister of William Ramsay, first of Barnton. 



George = Agnes 



Peter 
Ramsay 
B. 1727 
D. 1794 




= Margaret 
Mackenzie 


William = 
Ramsay 
of 
Oogarbank 
B. 1758 
D. 1824 




B 

dt 

R 

6th 

Bel 

D. 


sthia 
r. of 
sbert 

Lord 
haven 

1809 



Ramsay 
B. 1691 
D. 1751 



Thorn 
B. 1694 
D. 1758 



William = 


= Janet 


Ramsay 


Mansfield 


1st of 


B. 1745 


Barnton 


D. 1821 


B. 1732 




D. 1807 




1 
George = 


: Jean 


Ramsay 


dtr. of 


2nd of 


Robert 


Barnton 


6th Lord 


B. 1769 


Belhaven 


D. 1810 


D. 1841 



A 



A 



I 

Christian 
Ramsay 
B. 1735 
D. 1791 



James 

Stear 

D. before 

1791 



Jean = Thomas 
Stear I Ruddiman 



A 



According to the Diary ' of William Ramsay, first of Barnton, Mrs Ruddi- 
man visited Barnton on 6th May 1789, and again on 30th December 1789, 
accompanied by her mother and her husband. 

William Ramsay, first of Barnton, died in 1807, and bequeathed "To Jean 
Stear, my niece, an annuity of .£25." 2 

Mrs Janet Mansfield, wife of William Ramsay, first of Barnton, died in 1821, 
and bequeathed "To Mrs Jane Ruddiman, my niece, ,£20 sterling all the days 
of her life." 2 

William Ramsay of Gogarbank died in 1824, and bequeathed "To Mrs Jane 
Ruddiman, my cousin german, an annuity of £40 sterling." 2 

Mrs Ruddiman died 5th October 1831, 3 at 1 Duncan Street, Drummond 
Place, now (1901) known as Dundonald Street. 

In the Edinburgh Evening Courant, dated 13th October 1831, is this notice: 
" Died, at 1, Duncan Street, Drummond Place, on the 5th instant, Mrs Jane 
Stear, widow of Mr Thomas Ruddiman, late printer in Edinburgh." 

She was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery. 



1 In possession of Keith R. Maitland. 2 See Will in General Register House, Edinburgh. 

3 Gold locket with her hair in my possession. 

55 



No. XII. Thomas Ruddiman, 1755-1825. 

" 1 83 1, Oct. 7. Mrs Jane Ruddiman, Relict of the late Mr Thomas Ruddi- 
man, Printer, Died 5th Oct. 1831, Aged 68." 1 

Thomas Ruddiman's tortoise-shell snuff box, with silver plate bearing the 
inscription, "Thomas Ruddiman Typog. Edin. 1781," is now (1901) in my 
possession. 

I do not know of any portrait or writing of Thomas Ruddiman. 

They had eleven children — William Ramsay (No. XIII.), Thomas (No. 
XIV.), Walter (No. XVI.), Walter (No. XVII.), James Stear (No. XVIII.), 
David Ramsay (No. XIX.), Christian (No. XX.), Janet (No. XXL), Margaret 
Mansfield (No. XXII.), Agnes (No. XXIII.), and Alison Steuart (No. XXIV). 

1 Greyfriars Burial Register. 






56 



No. XIII. William Ramsay Ruddiman, 1788-1807. 



XIII. 

WILLIAM RAMSAY RUDDIMAN, eldest son of Thomas Ruddiman 
(No. XII.), was born in Edinburgh nth December 1788. 1 He served 
his apprenticeship with his cousin, Charles Steuart, W.S. ; 2 but died 
young on 1st October 1807 in Edinburgh. 1 A facsimile of his signa- 
ture on a copy of The Leith Commercial Post, July 16, 1799, 3 in my possession, 
is given here : — 




I also possess his copy of Devoid Exercises of the Heart, by Mrs Elizabeth 
Rowe, which bears on the cover, " Wm. Ramsay Ruddiman, Edinburgh, 1805." 

His brother Thomas (No. XIV.) writes : — 

" This day doth bring to my serious recollection the death of my dearly 
beloved brother, William Ramsay, who died the 1st Oct. 1807, aged 18 years, 
9 months, 11 days, being born the nth of Deer. 1788. 

" Oh when I think of him, I remember him, when in this mortal tabernacle, 
as my constant companion, as a pattern to me of a holy life and conversation, 
can I remember him without shedding a tear to his memory, and my irrepar- 
able loss. When in this life he had endured great and severe afflictions, the 
chastening hand of his heavenly Father was laid very heavy upon him, but 
by the strength of the Almighty he bore them with fortitude, having all his 
support in the everlasting covenant of his faithful God, he received them as 
tokens of love, knowing that they were not worthy to be compared with the 
glory to be revealed. From the early part of his life, he had marks of being 
a child of God, and an heir of glory, by showing his delight in the public and 
private exercises of religion. As he grew up in years he plainly manifested that 
he was not of this world, how he delighted to enter into his closet, and to 



1 Ruddiman Family Papers. 2 My mother. 3 See page 54. 

H 57 



No. XIII. William Ramsay Ruddiman, 1788-1807. 

commune with his God. As to his outward appearance, we saw that he would 
not live long, for his mortal frame was tottering, and his soul on the wing, 
but he was prepared and ready whensoever his Lord should come, he walked 
with his God, he tasted of his future joy, and had the earnest of his purchased 
possession. He was much engaged in sweet meditation of redeeming love, and 
one evening being engaged in this service, an enemy of religion reproved him 
for being so melancholy, when with calmness & still with power he said, ' You 
are walking, but I am flying above,' and when enduring for a while, the mes- 
senger arrived to call him home, no longer to remain in a wicked world, in 
this waste and barren wilderness ; should I lament to see the kindness of the 
Lord in taking him to himself & to be forever with him, only I feel the loss, 
he who was so young, yet showed me an exemplary life & gave me the in- 
struction of a faith." 1 

1 Original in my possession. 



58 



No. XIV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1790-1839. 



XIV. 

THOMAS RUDDIMAN, second son of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XII.), 
was born in Edinburgh 21st January 1790. 1 In 181 2 his address was 
30 Castle Street. 2 In 1813 he had apparently borrowed ^280 from 
the British Linen Bank, for which his uncle John was security {see John 
Ruddiman Ker's Will, No. XXV., p. 74). In 1813 he married Helen Torrance, 
born Crichton parish 23rd February 1 78 1 , 3 and the following is a copy of the 
marriage certificate : — 

"Thomas Ruddiman, living at Wright's Houses, and Hellen Torrence, 
daughter of the late John Torrence of Pathhead, residing at Northumberland 
Street, have resided in St. Cuthbert's Parish (Edinburgh) for 6 weeks, and 
have been proclaimed. The above designed persons were married by R. Kay, 
minister, in Canongate, 12th November 1813. 

"Alexr. Harper, Witness." 



John Torrance 

of Pathhead 

D. bef. 1813 

Mar. Canongate 

Edinburgh 
2nd March! 778 3 



Theresa Thriepland 

for whom Theresa 

Conyers, 5th Countess 

of Traquair, was 

sponsor 



James 


John 


William 


James 


1 
Helen = Thomas 


Christian 


Mary 


Torrance 


Torrance 


Torrance 


Torrance 


Torrance 


Ruddiman 


Torrance 


Torrance 


Bap. 9 


Bap. 18 


Bap. 12 


Bap. 27 


Bap. 5 




D. Pathhead 


Bap. 28 Feb. 


July 


Feb. 


Augt. 


Nov. 


March 


N 


1st Augt. 


1792 


1779 


1785 


1787 


1789 


1781 A 


1846 


Crichton 


Crichton 


Crichton 


Crichton 


Crichton 


Crichton 







1 Ruddiman Family Papers. 



Edinburgh Directory. 



Parish Register. 



59 



No. XIV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1790-1839. 

The following letter to him, now in my possession, is interesting : — 

" On the Frontiers of 

"Holland, Nov. 2d, 1816. 

" Dear Sir, — Having forwarded my excursion hitherto, I remind with 
pleasure your obliging desire at our parting to receive a few lines from me at 
my return to this country, which I heartily comply with, as it affords me an 
opportunity of expressing once more to you and your amiable spouse my grate- 
ful sense of the many cordial civilities so affectionately bestowed upon me, and 
which will endear you both to my remembrance. I intend under Heaven's 
gracious disposition to take another trip next year, but it will be of a more 
Continental nature. Travelling is an excellent school for acquiring general 
knowledge and for accomplishing ourselves in that greatest and noblest of all 
human studies — man. 

" I had the satisfaction of enjoying the presence of your uncle a few 
minutes with me at breakfast, previous to my setting off for York. The 
evening of my arrival he was not at home, being dislodged to Princes Street 
(Mrs Humble). The former roses of his cheeks are all faded, and he is not 
more ruddy Ruddi, as we used to call the blooming youth of those happy days 
of our Regimental and truly cheerful existence. Alas ! this is the progressive 
fate of mortality, and, with very little variations, the genuine picture of weak, 
unstable human life. 1 

" I forgot when at Edinburgh to buy some fishing hooks with artificial 
feathered baits for angling pike and perch. May I beg you the favour of 
sending me three or four whirted into coton wool, for preventing the points 
from pricking the paper. This will evidence your having received this letter, 
and give me the pleasure of hearing of your welfare. 

" May gracious Providence prosper all your just professional enterprises for 
the promoting of your domestic interests, and favour every relative effort to that 
purpose. Observe always the strictest rules of candour and integrity in your 
eventual undertakings, and let trust and benevolence be displayed through all 
your transactions. This will infuse a soft, conscientious calm into your mind, 
and in the suffrages of reputed merit entitle you to general credit and con- 
sideration. Above all, stick closely fast to virtue and religion as the steadiest 
supports of your most interesting views in life, and the only conducive means 
to mental joy and spiritual felicity, and let the expressive declaration of St. 
Paul, 1 st Timothy, 4th chap. 8th verse, be the endearing motto of both your 
hearts and feelings. 

1 This refers to Walter Ruddiman (No. XXVI.). 
60 



No. XIV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1790-1839. 

" Live long healthy contented and by divine dispensation happily together — 
death must once dissolve every bond of terrestrial connection, and we of course 
must soon or late undergo the same ordained fate, but we shall revive to a 
more glorious and unchangeable state of being, and it is in the exalted hope 
of participating mutually in that bliss by the saving mercy of our adorable 
Redeemer that I subscribe myself at this side of the grave. 

" Your warmest well wisher, 

" (Signed) A. Pilkington. 

" My respects to your parental relations. 

" Address— 

" New Maarseveen, 
" Utrecht, 
" Netherlands, 
" in absence to his present 
" residing address." 

In 1 82 1 they attended the West Kirk, Edinburgh, as the following certifi- 
cate shows : — 

"That the Bearer Thomas Ruddiman and Spouse are in full communion 
with the Established Church, and to the best of my belief of most unexception- 
able character, is hereby certified at West Kirk this 5th day of May 1821. 

"(Signed) David Dickson, Minr." 1 

After marriage they set up house at 5 Thistle Street, Edinburgh, where 
they remained until 1828 when they removed to 22 Scotland Street. In 1831 
they again removed to 15 Dublin Street. 2 On 28th January 1829 he witnessed 
the execution of Burke, of Burke and Hare murder notoriety, and had his silk 
handkerchief stolen while so engaged. 3 By the Will of his aunt Janet Ruddi- 
man, dated 1836, he was appointed a trustee and bequeathed .£100, but his 
aunt outlived him. 4 In 1836 he gave in the inventory of his brother James' 
estate (see page 69). His Will, dated 1st December 1836, was recorded in 
the Commissary Court Books 17th June 1840. In it he leaves everything to 
his widow and only child, " for the great love and affection I bear for Helen 
Torrance, my most faithful and loving wife ; and for Jane Ruddiman, my most 
dutiful and beloved daughter and only child." He desires an annuity to be 

1 Original in my possession. 2 Edinburgh Directories. 3 My mother. 

4 See Will of Janet Ruddiman, p. 81. 

6l 



No. XIV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1790-1839. 

purchased for the joint interest of his wife and child, but if his widow marries 
again the whole annuity is to go to his daughter. His trustees were the 
Rev. James Marshall, minister of the Tolbooth Church and parish, "my highly 
esteemed Pastor"; Wm. Taylor; Smith Ferguson; and John Keegan. 1 

The inventory of his estate was given up by his widow, and recorded 17th 
June 1840. The debts due to him amount to about ^iooo. 1 It is also men- 
tioned " that the late John Ruddiman (? No. XXV.), residing at Lyne, in Eng- 
land, left to the deceased Thomas Ruddiman the one -fifth part of ^400 ; but 
it is believed the testator's settlement is the subject of dispute in the Court of 
Chancery, and the executrix is unable to say whether any part of the legacy 
will ever be recovered, and cannot put any value on it." 1 

He died at 15 Dublin Street, Edinburgh, 2 17th December 1839, and was 
buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

"1839, Dec. 23. Mr Thos. Ruddiman, Died 17th Dec. at 15 Dublin St., 
aged 49i" 2 

After the marriage of their daughter in 1843 ms widow resided with her 
son-in-law, T. B. Johnston, and died in his house, 17 Gayfield Square, Edin- 
burgh, 2 1 st September 1849, and was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery. 

"1849, Sept. 25. Mrs Hellen Torrance, aged 65, Relict of Thomas Ruddi- 
man, Esq., Died 21st Sept. at 17 Gayfield Square, James Stewart's Tomb." 2 

PROPERTY. 

I possess his mahogany dining table and the following books, etc. : — 

Chalmer's Life of Ruddiman, 1794, with autograph. 

W. Good's Measurer, 1788, with autograph. 

Sale Catalogue of Ruddiman's books, 1758, with autograph. 

Ruddiman's Latin Rudiments, 1799, with autograph. 

Set of the City of Edinburgh, 1783, with autograph. 

Ruddiman's Lntroduction to Diplomata Scotice, with autograph. 

Promises of Scripture, 181 1. 

Several copies of his bookplate, " T. R." 

New Testament, 1802, which belonged to Mrs Ruddiman, and bears on the 

cover "H. T. ; MDCCCXI." 
MS. about Jesus Christ, to " Helen Torrance as a token of constant remembrance." 

His two embossed silver snuff-boxes are now (1901) in the possession of 
his granddaughter, Mrs Johnston Stevenson. Her painted wooden snuff-box is 
now (1901) in my possession. 

1 Books of Council and Session. 2 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

62 




THOMAS RUDDIMAN 
(no. xiv.) 

after original in possession of 
G. H. Johnston 



No. XIV. Thomas Ruddiman, 1790- 1839. 

SILVER. 

I also possess some of their table silver : — one soup divider, two gravy 
spoons, twelve soup spoons, twelve dessert spoons, and four salt spoons — all 
with hall marks of King George III.'s reign and engraved "U.^.^St, 

PORTRAIT. 

I only know of the silhouette of him, which is here reproduced. 

SIGNATURES. 
Copies of both their signatures are here given. 







They had two children — the elder died in infancy, but the younger, Jane 
(No. XV.), survived. 



63 



No. XV. Jane Ruddiman, 1817-1892. 



XV. 



JANE RUDDIMAN, only surviving child of Thomas Ruddiman (No. 
XIV.), was born at 5 Thistle Street, Edinburgh, 17th September 1817, 
and baptised 20th October 181 7. In her childhood her pet name was 
"J eats," and the accompanying illustration is a reproduction of a drawing 
of her by her aunt, Margaret Mansfield Ruddiman, the original of which is 
in my possession. 




"Jeats." 
Jane Ruddiman. 

At school she won two medals, now in my possession. The first is 
inscribed on the one side : " Presented by Mr R. Scott to Miss Jane 
Ruddiman, 2nd Dux Ladies highest class of Arithmetic Edinr. 6th Augt. 
1834"; and on the other side: "Distinguished for great diligence, attention 
to instruction, and a superior knowledge of the science of Arithmetic." 

The second medal is inscribed on the one side : " Presented by Mr R. 
Scott to Miss Jane Ruddiman Dux Ladies 1st class of Mental Calculation, 
Edinr. 6th Augt. 1834"; and on the other side: "Distinguished for exem- 
plary behaviour, and uncommon quickness in calculating mentally." 

In May 1836 she was a communicant in the Tolbooth Church, Edin- 
burgh, as the card is in my possession signed by the minister, the Rev. 
James Marshall. 

Her ante-nuptial contract, dated 10th June 1843, was recorded in the 
books of Council and Session 27th November 1843. 

At 40 Great King Street, Edinburgh, on 12th June 1843, she was married 

to Thomas Brumby, son of Andrew Johnston, Writer, Edinburgh, by Isobel, 
64 




-7?:.'/: .■.-!- .... . 



BHB 



JANE RUDDIMAN 
(no. xv.) 

Wife of T. B. Johnston 

AFTER ORIGINAL BY FRITH, 1 845, IN POSSESSION OK 

G. H. Johnston 



No. XV. Jane Ruddiman, 1817-1892. 

daughter of Archibald Keith of Newbattle paper mill, by the Rev. Patrick 
Clason, D.D., of Buccleuch Church. 

40 Great King Street, Edinburgh, was their home till 4th May 1848, 
when they took a lease of 17 Gay field Square. Here they remained until 
5th November i860, when they entered into possession of 9 Claremont 
Crescent. At this house, on Sunday afternoon 21st December 1890, Mrs 
Johnston had a shock of paralysis from which she never recovered, but she 
lingered on till the evening of 23rd March 1892, when she quietly passed 
away. At 2 p.m. on the 28th she was buried in Warriston Cemetery, Edin- 
burgh, beside her son William. 

Her husband also died in 9 Claremont Crescent on 1st September 1897, 
and was buried in Warriston Cemetery on the 6th. 

The inscription on the monument is : — 

IN MEMORY OF 
WI LLIAM JOHNSTON 

BORN I3TH OCTOBER 1847 

DIED I5TH NOVEMBER 1863 

AGED 16 YEARS 

SON OF 

T. B. JOHNSTON 

ALSO OF 

JANE RUDDIMAN 

WIFE OF 

T. B. JOHNSTON 

BORN I7TH SEPTEMBER 1817 

DIED 23RD MARCH 1892 

ALSO OF ABOVE 

THOMAS 

BRUMBY JOHNSTON 

D.L., GEOGRAPHER 

TO THE QUEEN 

BORN 28TH JANUARY 1814 

DIED 1ST SEPTEMBER 1897 

PROPERTY. 
I possess the following books of hers : — 

Vicar of Wakefield, inscribed "from her uncle J. R. i January 1827." 
Psalms, inscribed "the Gift of her father March 5th 1825." 
Psalms, inscribed "from her uncle J. S. Ruddiman January 1826." 
Parents' Assistant, 6 vols., inscribed " A Christmas Gift to our dear niece 
Jane Ruddiman. From her affete. Aunts C. J. M. & S. Ruddiman, 25th 
December 1827." 
1 6 5 



No. XV. Jane Ruddiman, 1817-1892. 

Bible, inscribed "Jane Ruddiman 17th September 1828." 
Poetry for Children, inscribed "Jane Ruddiman, Thistle Street." 
Two school arithmetic books (MS.). 

I also possess a sewn screen which is her work, numerous letters, etc., 
and a handsome brass clock which was given to her when a child, about 
1825, by a captain of a merchantman, who brought it from the Continent. 

PORTRAITS. 

A miniature of Mrs Johnston was painted on ivory in 1850 by Mr 
Nimmo, which is not at all good. It is now in possession of her daughter, 
Mrs Johnston Stevenson. There is also the silhouette reproduced here, and 
numerous photographs. 

There are three oil paintings, several water-colours, many photographs, 
and a silhouette of T. B. Johnston in existence. 

SIGNATURES. 

These are copies of her signature in childhood and old age. 

They had the following children : — 

1. Archibald Johnston. Born 12th May 1844. Married 25th July 1876 
Amelia Harriet, daughter of Philip Whitehead. Issue : — 

(a) Archibald Douglas Johnston. Born 22nd September 1878. 

(b) Alexander Keith Johnston. Born 2nd October 1881. 

(c) Winifred Jean Johnston. 

(d) Daisy Johnston. Died in infancy. 

(e) Annie Florence Johnston. 

2. William Johnston. Born 13th October 1847. Died 15th November 1863. 

3. Thomas Ruddiman Johnston. Born 30th July 1849. Married 15th 
December 1894 Alice Matilda, daughter of John Beale Mullins. 

4. James Wilson Johnston. Born 12th November 1853. Married 24th 

February 1881 Elizabeth Mary, born 8th January 1857; died 2nd December 

1895, daughter of Joseph Whitaker. Issue: — 

(a) Muriel Josephine Johnston. 
66 






i877 





JANE RUDDIMAN 
(NO. XV.) 

Wife of T. B. Johnston 

AFTER PHOTOGRAPHS IN POSSESSION OF 

G. H. Johnston 



No. XV. Jane Ruddiman, i 8 17-1892. 

5. John Keegan Johnston. Born 19th September 1855. Married 9th 
October 1874 Sarah Maria, born 1848, died 8th December 1889, daughter 
of Hugh Taylor. Issue : — 

(a) Kathleen Jane Johnston. Died in infancy, 1881. 

6. George Harvey Johnston, compiler of this history. Born 23rd 
October i860. Married 24th July 1888 Ellen Eliza, daughter of James 
Bentley Ashton. 

7. Helen Jane Johnston. Married 10th April 1877 Rev. Francis 
Burton, son of Rev. William Shepherd, M.A. Born 19th June 1833. Rector 
of Margaret Roding, Essex. Issue : — 

(a) Keith Johnston Shepherd. Born 8th March 1881. 
(6) William Ramsay Shepherd. Born 4th February 1887. 

(c) Dorothy Jane Shepherd. 

(d) Frances Edina Shepherd. 

(e) Marjorie Shepherd. 
{/) Isolen Mary Shepherd. 

(g) Grace Melville Ashton Shepherd. 

8. Margaret Isabella Johnston. Married 12th February 1877 Francis 
James, son of the Rev. John Tobin. Born 12th March 1851. Issue: — 

(a) Ailie Margaret Tobin. 

(b) Ruth Arnaud Tobin. 

9. Rossie Marr Johnston. Married 30th April 1898 James, son of John 
Stevenson. Born 27th April 1846, died 2nd January 1899. 



67 



No. XVI. Walter Ruddiman, 1793-1794. 



w 



XVI. 

ALTER RUDDIMAN, third son of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XII.), 
was born in Edinburgh 22nd March 1793, and died 9th May 1794. 1 



No. XVII. Walter Ruddiman, 1794-1813. 



w 



XVII. 

ALTER RUDDIMAN, fourth son of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XII.), 
was born in Edinburgh 4th May 1794. He entered the Navy as 
a midshipman, and was drowned while attempting to board a prize 
during the French war in 1813. 1 

1 Ruddiman Family Papers. 



68 



No. XVIII. James Stear Ruddiman, i798_i836. 



XVIII. 



JAMES STEAR RUDDIMAN, fifth son of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XII.), 
was born in Edinburgh 4th July 1798. He served his apprenticeship 
with Mr William Williamson, W.S., York Place, and after its completion 
entered the Royal Bank, where he was a Teller at his death, 6th January 
I836. 1 ' 2 

He died intestate, but the inventory of his estate was recorded 10th March 
1836 by Thomas Ruddiman, his brother german, and John Keegan, Writer, 
Edinburgh. This inventory was confirmed 16th April 1840 by his sister, Miss 
Christian Ruddiman, residing in Duncan Street, Edinburgh. In this deed he 
is referred to as "Teller in the Royal Bank." His brother Thomas is also 
mentioned. 3 

He was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

"1836, Jany. n. Mr James Stear Ruddiman, in the Royal Bank, Died 
6th Jany. 1836, Aged 37 years." 4 

A copy of his signature is given here. 



CrT*^ IstC* e/cUvn. 



OfC, 



On a Copy of the Psalms presented to his Niece, 
Jane Ruddiman, in my possession. 



No. XIX. David Ramsay Ruddiman, 1804-1804. 



XIX. 



D 



AVID RAMSAY RUDDIMAN, sixth son of Thomas Ruddiman (No. 
XII.), was born in Edinburgh 31st August 1804, and died there 30th 
November 1804. 1 

1 Ruddiman Family Papers. 2 Inventory of his effects. 

3 Books of Council and Session. * Greyfriars Burial Register. 

69 



No. XX. Christian Ruddiman, 1791-1854. 



XX. 



CHRISTIAN RUDDIMAN, eldest daughter of Thomas Ruddiman (No. 
XII.), was born in Edinburgh 29th July 1791. 1 After the misfortune 
which overtook her father's business, she with her sisters established a 
boarding school. 
From 1 82 1 to 1824 they lived at 35 North Frederick Street. 2 In 1824 
they removed to 79 George Street, 2 so they had evidently gone back to their 
widowed mother's house. Here they remained until 1830 when all the ladies 
seem to have moved to 1 Duncan Street, Drummond Place 2 (now Dundonald 
Street), where their mother died in 183 1, and the four sisters, Christian, Janet, 
Margaret, and Alison succeeded to ^"iooo. 3 On 16th April 1840 Christian 
Ruddiman confirmed the inventory of her brother James' estate (see No. XVIII.). 
On 25th May 1848 they were still in Duncan Street (see Will of Margaret 
Hutton, p. 92). In April 1849 they were living at 51 Northumberland Street 
(see p. 80). In 1849 she and her sisters succeeded to the interest of the re- 
mainder of their aunt Janet's estate. 4 In 1850 she and her surviving sister 
Alison moved to 5 Athole Place. On 16th May 1854 she and her sister Alison 
(No. XXIV.), and the survivor of them, were left by Margaret Hutton (see p. 92) 
the portraits of Walter Ruddiman, senior, and his wife Janet Duncanson. 

Christian Ruddiman died 23rd November 1854, 1 and was buried in Grey- 
friars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

"1854, Nov. 27th. Miss Christian Ruddiman, dtr. of the late Thos. Ruddi- 
man, Printer, Died 23rd Nov. Buried at 2 p.m. from 5 Athole Place. In the 
centre lair of their own ground." 5 



1 Ruddiman Family Papers. 2 Edinburgh Directories. 3 See Will of John Ruddiman Ker, p. 74. 
4 See Will of Janet Ruddiman, p. 81. 6 Greyfriars Burial Register. 



70 



No. XXI. Janet Ruddiman, 1796-- 



J 



XXI. 

ANET RUDDIMAN, second daughter of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XII.), 
was born in Edinburgh 2nd June 1796. 1 She died unmarried, but was 
living 1848. 2 



No. XXII. Margaret Mansfield Ruddiman, 1800-1841. 



XXII. 



MARGARET MANSFIELD RUDDIMAN, third daughter of Thomas 
Ruddiman (No. XII.), was born in Edinburgh 7th March 1800, 1 and 
she died there 24th August 1841, and was buried in Greyfriars 
Cemetery. 
"1841, Aug. 31. Miss Margaret Mansfield Ruddiman, Died 24th Aug., 
Aged 41." 3 

For account of her life see No. XX. 



x Ruddiman Family Papers. 2 See Will of Margaret Hutton, p 92. 

3 Greyfriars Burial Register. 



71 



No. XXIII. Agnes Ruddiman, 1801-1803. 



XXIII. 

AGNES RUDDIMAN, fourth daughter of Thomas Ruddiman (No. XII.), 
was born in Edinburgh 12th March 1801, and died there 17th July 
1803. 1 



No. XXIV. Alison Steuart Ruddiman, 1 802-1 884. 



XXIV. 

ALISON STEUART RUDDIMAN, fifth daughter of Thomas Ruddiman 
(No. XII.), was born in Edinburgh 1st July 1802. 1 After the death of 
her sister Christian (No. XX.) in 1854 she continued to live in 5 Athole 
Place until 1871, when her name disappears. 2 As the "survivor" of her 
sisters, Christian and Janet, she bequeathed the portraits of Walter Ruddiman, 
senior, and his wife, Janet Duncanson, referred to above (see p. 70), to Charles 
Steuart, W.S., and they are now (1901) in possession of his grandnephew, 
James Steuart, Esq. She died 15th December 1884, and was buried in 
Greyfriars Cemetery. 

"1884, Dec. 18, Alison Steuart Ruddiman, aged 82 years, Spinster, 
youngest daughter of the late Thomas Ruddiman, Printer and Publisher, Edin- 
burgh, South layer of Ruddiman's ground." 3 
For account of her life see No. XX. 



1 Ruddiman Family Papers. 2 Edinburgh Directories. 3 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

72 



No. XXV. John Ruddiman, — 1816. 



XXV. 

JOHN RUDDIMAN, second son of Walter Ruddiman (No. XL). About 
1789 he became a partner with his brother Thomas (No. XII.), for the 
imprint on The Town and Country Almanack for 1789, a copy of which 
is in my possession, is " Printed by Thomas Ruddiman, and sold by 
T. & J. Ruddiman, Booksellers, South Bridge St., Edinburgh." Like the other 
members of the family, he was an Episcopalian, and in attending Old St Paul's 
Episcopal Church in Carrubber's Close, there met Miss Lucy Ker, eldest 
daughter of James Ker of Morriston and Kersfield, by his second wife Lucy, 
daughter of George Pitt of Strathfieldsaye, Hants, and sister of George, first 
Lord Rivers. This lady John Ruddiman married. 1,2 

"2nd Sept. 1791. John Ruddiman, Merchant, in St. Andrew's Kirk Parish, 
and Miss Lucy Ker in same Parish, eldest lawful daughter of James Ker, Esq. 
of Morison, in the Shire of Berwick." 3 

From 1 79 1 to 1805 they were living in No. 12 St. James' Square, 
Edinburgh. 4 

In 1808 George Ker of Morriston died, and his sister, Mrs Ruddiman, suc- 
ceeded to the estates of the family. 

" Ruddiman, Lucy (or Ker), wife of John Ruddiman in Edinburgh, to her 
brother, George Ker of Morriston, who died nth Dec. 1808. Heir of Tailzie 
Special, in Morriston, Auldingstone, Swinton, &c, in the Parish of Legertwood, 
Berwickshire, dated 2nd March 1809. Recorded 14th March 1809." 5 

John Ruddiman then assumed the name of "Ker" in addition to his own. 

On 30th April 1809 Mrs Ruddiman Ker died, 2 and left the most of her 
money to her husband ; 6 but as she died without issue, the family estates de- 
volved on her sister, Mary Louisa. 2 

" Ker, Mary Louisa, to her sister, Lucy Ker (wife of John Ruddiman in 
Edinburgh), who died 30th April 1809. Recorded 30th October 1809." 5 



1 Marriage contract, dated 18th and 27th January 1792, according to inventory of his effects. 

2 Herald and Genealogist, vol. vii., p. 522. 3 Edinburgh City Parish Marriage Register. 
4 Edinburgh Directories. 5 Index of Retours or Services of Heirs. 

My mother. 

K 73 



No. XXV. John Ruddiman, -1816. 

After his wife's death John Ruddiman Ker went to Kelso to be near his friends 
the Ballantynes, the printers, but afterwards went to Fisherrow, near Mussel- 
burgh. 1,2 One day he wrote to his nephew, Thomas Ruddiman, saying he was 
going to visit him on 15th February 1816, but when that day came he did 
not put in an appearance, and at eleven o'clock at night a messenger arrived 
on horseback to say he was dead. It turned out that all his things were 
packed, and that while dressing he had fallen heavily to the floor. A doctor 
was sent for, but he pronounced life extinct. 1,2 He was buried in Greyfriars 
Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

" 18 1 6, Feby. 20th. John Ruddiman Ker, Late Printer, 2 D.P. South 
Bannatyne's Tomb, near Wall." 3 



WILL OF JOHN RUDDIMAN KER. 

His Will was recorded 29th February 18 16, and the following is an extract 
from the copy in the General Register House. It is dated 10th March 181 3, 
and he describes himself as "John Ruddiman Ker, Esq., residing in Kelso." 
He appoints as trustees Thomas Ruddiman, his brother, "now residing in Castle 
St., Edinburgh ; James and George Haldane, Broomlands, Roxburghshire ; Rev. 
Henry Garnock, one of the Ministers of Canongate ; and John Renton, Writer 
to the Signet." He mentions that he has shares in the Kelso Library, and in 
the Berwick and Kelso Railway. 

(1st) To his sister, Janet Ruddiman, now residing at Braco Castle, he be- 
queaths ^"iooo, and all his household furniture, bed and table linen, body clothes, 
watch, jewels, trinkets, silver plate, and books. 

(2nd) He directs his trustees to invest ,£1000, and pay the interest for life 
to his brother Thomas, and after his death to continue the payments to his 
widow, "Jane Steirs or Ruddiman" (should she survive the said Thomas), for 
her life ; and at the death of the survivor the ^"1000 is to be equally divided 
between their four daughters — Christian, Janet, Margaret, and Alison. 

(3rd) He says he is cautioner for his nephew Thomas, son of his brother 
Thomas, with the British Linen Bank, for ^280, and if this sum has to be 
paid, it is to come out of the ^"iooo referred to in Clause 2nd. 

(4th) He bequeathes to Miss Catherine McDougal, daughter of the Rev. 

McDougal, minister of Mackerston, .£100, with two guineas for a mourning 

ring. 



1 My mother. 2 Inventory of his effects. 3 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

74 



THE KERS 
OF 

MORBISTON 



John Ker 

of Auldtounburn, Liv. 1357 

I 

Henry Ker 

Liv. 1363 

I 

Robert Ker 

of Auldtounburn, Liv. 1404 

i 

Andrew Ker 
D. before 1450 



No. XXV. John Ruddiman, 



-1816. 



Andrew Ker 

of Auldtounburn 

and Cessford, D. c. 1480 

Walter Ker 
of Cessford, D. 1501 

I 



James Ker 

I 



I 

Sir Robert Ker 

of Caverton 

D. 1550 



Sir Andrew Ker 
of Cessford 



I 

Sir Walter Ker 

of Cessford 

D. 1585 



A 

Earls and Dukes of 
Roxburgh 



A 

Kers of 
Linton 



Thomas Ker 



A 

Kers of 
Gateshaw 



Mark Ker= 



of Dolphingstoun 
D. 1551 



Margaret 
Cranston 



Mark Ker 
of Newbottle 



A 

Earls and Marquises 
of Lothian 



=Marjory 



Dtr. and Heiress of 

John Ainslie 

of Dolphingstoun 

Roxburgh 



— Sir Andrew Ker — 
of Hirsell, D. 1573 



I 

Walter Ker = 

of Hirsell 

and Littledean 

D. 1608 



== Eupheme 
Dtr. of 
Gilbert Wauchope 
of Niddrie Marischall 

= Eupheme 

Dtr. of 

John Edmonstone 

of that Ilk 



John Ker 
I 



Mark Ker 
Liv. 1588 



A 

Kers 

of Littledean 



Andrew Ker 

1st of Morriston, Liv. 1633 



Margaret 



Dtr. of Sir Alex. Swinton 
of Swinton 



Mark Ker 
D. 1675 



■■ Dtr. of 
Cockburn 
of Ryslaw 



Andrew Ker 
D.s.p. 1687 



John Ker 
D. 1692 



= Grizel, Dtr. of 
Sir John Cochrane 
of Ochiltree 



I 
Mark Ker 



I 
Elizabeth Ker 



= John Crawfurd 
of Crawfurdland 



Andrew Ker = 
M. 1706 
D. 1733 



I I 

- Margaret, Dtr. of John Ker Elizabeth Ker = Thomas 

Sir Robert Stuart D. 1743 8th Earl of 

Bart., of Allanbank Dundonald 



Margaret Kerr= Sir John 

Stuart, Bart, 
of Allanbank 



I 



George Pitt of 
Strathfieldsaye 
Hants 
I 



Andrew Ker 
D.s.p. 1727 



Robert Ker 
D. before 1733 



Elizabeth = 

Dtr. of 

Sir John Stuart 

Bart, of Allanbank 

D. 1740 



James Ker 
D. 1794 



Lucy 
Pitt 



I 

George Ker 

D. llth Dec. 

1808 



I 

Lucy Ker ===== John 
D. 30th Ap. Ruddiman 

1809 Ker 

See Ruddiman Pedigree 



I I 

Mary Louisa Grace Ker = 

Ker M. 22nd Mar. 

D. 1830 unm. 1781 



= Henry George, 2nd 
Seymer Lord Rivers 

of Hanf ord 
B. 1745 



I 




Henry Seymer Ker= 
B. 22nd Jan. 1782 



=Harriet 
Beckford 



I 



Horace, 3rd 
Lord Rivers 



Henry Ker Seymer = 

B. 1807, D. 1864 



: Isabella Helen, Dtr. of Wm. Webber 

of Binfield Lodge Berks 

M. 4th July 1839 



Helen Ker Seymer 
D. 1850 



Gertrude Ker Seymer 
B. 1842, M. 1864 
Now of Morriston 



Harry Ernest Clay 
Ker Seymer, Son of 
James Clay, B. 1832 



Evelyn 

Clay Ker Seymer 

B. 1865 



Horace Vere 

Clay Ker Seymer 

B. 1866 



Winifred 
Clay Ker Seymer 



75 



No. XXV. John Ruddiman, — i 8 i 6. 

(5th) To his brother Walter Ruddiman, "late of the Ninth Royal Veteran 
Battalion, now residing in Newcastle," an annuity of .£20 sterling. 

(6th) The residue of his estate to the children of his brother Thomas, 
share and share alike. 

In the Codicil, signed at Kelso 23rd July 1814, he adds : — 

(7th) To George Haldane, late of Broomlands, now of Sydenham, near 
Kelso, all his fishing things. 

(8th), To Adam Walker, younger of Muirhouselaw, his best fowling piece 
and all his fowling tackle. 

(9th) Two guineas each for mourning rings to Adam Walker, younger of 
Muirhouselaw ; David McDougal, tenant in Barns, near Kelso ; Aleck Beau- 
mont, Esq., Kelso ; William Smith, junr., Writer, Kelso ; George Watt, Mer- 
chant, Kelso ; Thomas Watmore, Adjutant, Roxburghshire Militia ; Thomas 
Ruddiman, his brother ; James Haldane ; George Haldane ; Henry Garnock ; 
John Renton. 

The inventory of his effects is in the General Register House, Edinburgh. 
It was recorded 25th July 1816. It is there stated that he died in Fisherrow 
15th February 181 6, and that his marriage contract with Lucy Ker was dated 
1 8th and 27th January 1792. 

John Ruddiman had no children by his wife ; but is alleged to have had 
a son named John Ruddiman by his housekeeper. 

Query. — Was John Ruddiman's Will disputed, and was he the John Ruddi- 
man of Lyne in England ? (See p. 62). 

Six silver toddy ladles which belonged to him descended to my mother, 
and were purchased by me at one of the sales of my father's effects. They 
are marked. 



76 



No. XXVI. Walter Ruddiman, 1762-1823. 



XXVI. 

WALTER RUDDIMAN, third son of Walter Ruddiman (No. XI.), 
was born in 1762. 1 He attended Mr Cruickshank's class of the 
Edinburgh High School in the years 1773-6. 2 He then became an 
ensign in the first battalion of Major-General Stewart's regiment of 
the Scots Brigade in Holland. 

His uniform was : — 

Coat. — Red, with turned down collar, cuffs, and lining of yellow. Facings 
or lapels yellow. White buttonholes on cuffs. Looped buttonholes, white, 
two and two down the facings or lapels. Two white buttonholes on pockets. 
Coat tails hooked or turned back showing yellow lining. Small red hearts 
or knots on corners of the tails. Shoulder strap, light blue, on left shoulder 
to support belt. Buttons white metal. 

Waistcoat. — Yellow. 

Broad white shoulder strap for cartridge box (? privates only). Narrow 
waist-belt with brass buckle for sword or bayonet. 

Breeches. — Yellow. White Gaiters. Black stockings. Black shoes. Small 
black hat with white border, black cockade fastened by white lace and button. 
Red and white tuft on either end. This regiment had two button holes 
under the facing in front of the coat. 3 {See illustration next page). 

The Scots Brigade dates from 1572, when recruits were first raised in 
Scotland for the wars in Flanders. The Brigade consisted of three separate 
regiments with two battalions each. The people of Holland sympathised with 
our revolted colonists in America, and in 1780 they joined France and 
Russia in a war against us. The Dutch commerce was utterly ruined the 
following year. In 1782 the States-General attempted to deprive the Brigade 
of its distinctive nationality by taking away the British ensigns, altering the 



1 See burial. 2 High School Register. 

3 Scots Brigade in Holland, published by Scottish History Society. 

77 



No. XXVI. Walter Ruddiman, 1762-1823. 

uniforms, prohibiting the playing of the old Scots marches, and ordering that 
in future the words of command should be uttered in Dutch, and not in the 
English language. They also imposed an oath on all officers obliging them 
to renounce their allegiance to Great Britain. These changes were, of course, 
resisted by the officers. 

" W. Ruddiman, Vaandrig," was one of the officers at Maestricht, 13th 
December 1782, who asks delay of six weeks before taking the oath required 
by their High Mightinesses' Resolution of 18th November 1782. 1 

"Walter Ruddiman, Ensign" in 1st battalion of Major-General Stewart's 
regiment, with many other officers, is determined to throw himself on His 
Majesty's (of England) Royal Protection, 14th January 1783. 1 

" Ensign Walter Ruddiman " with fifty-four others threw up his commission 
in Holland and returned home in March 1783. 1 Like the others Walter 
Ruddiman was placed on the British half pay, and it was not until ten years 
had passed that he obtained active employment. 1 

In 1793 King George III. "being pleased to revive the Scots Brigade," 
a regiment of three battalions was raised (afterwards, in 1801, numbered the 
94th), and the half-pay officers of the old Scots Brigade were appointed to 
it. 1 In the Army List of 1794 Walter Ruddiman appears as Lieutenant in 
Lieut. -Colonel Hay Ferrier's battalion. 2 The facings of the regiment were at 
first yellow, and then green, and the Highland dress was worn until 1809. 1 

In these troublous times Walter Ruddiman appears to have been on full 
pay one year and half pay the next, and to have been sent to one regiment 
after another. According to the Army Lists, in : — 

1793. He was gazetted Lieutenant, 7th July. 3 

1795. He was Lieutenant attached to 71st Foot, on English half pay. 3 

1796. He was Lieutenant in the Prince of Wales' Fencible Regiment, and 

ranked as of 15th November 1794. 3 
1797-1801. He appears as in 1795. 3 

1802. He was Lieutenant in the 46th, or South Devon Regiment of Foot, 

and was ranked as of 1st June 1801. Full pay. 3 

1803. He was still attached to the 46th, but on Irish half pay. 3 

1805. He was Lieutenant in the 58th, or Rutlandshire Regiment, and 

ranked as of 4th August 1804. Full pay. 3 
1806-7. He was Lieutenant in the Ninth Royal Veteran Battalion, and 

ranked as of 9th April 1805. 3 



1 Scots Brigade in Holland, published by Scottish History Society. 

2 Old Scottish Regimental Colours, by A. Ross. 3 Army Lists. 
78 




OFFICERS 
STEWARTS REGIMENT OF THE SCOTS BRIGADE 



NO. XXVI. 



No. XXVI. Walter Ruddiman, 1762-1823. 

1808-14. He appeared as in 1795. 1 

1813. He was described as "late of the Ninth Royal Veteran Battalion, 

now residing in Newcastle." 2 
1 816. He succeeded to an annuity of ^20 under the Will of his brother John. 2 
1815-23. He was Lieutenant on English half pay, with only original 

date of his being gazetted to British Army. 1 
Walter Ruddiman's pension amounted to one shilling and tenpence a 
day, and he sold it : — 

"To John Hutton" 3 

" I Walter Ruddiman, late ensign in the first battalion of the first regi- 
ment of the British troops, in the service of the States-General of Holland, 
commonly called the Scots Brigade. I having taken my demission from that 
service, on the imposition of an oath obliging the officers of said Brigade, 
to relinquish their allegiance to Great Britain, was entered upon the 
British Half Pay, at one shilling and tenpence per day, in January 1783. 
For, and in consideration of the sum of ,£250." i 

This deed is dated 14th March 1786, and it was registered 29th March 
1786. This pension was transferred by John Hutton, 3 merchant, Edinburgh, 
to James Blyth, and there is a copy of another Deed to this effect in the 
Register House. It is dated 23rd October 1787, and was registered 14th 
September 1790. In this second Deed are mentioned "Mr Thos. Rudiman 
and John Rudiman, both printers in Edinburgh, and brothers german of said 
Walter Rudiman." 

Walter Ruddiman was a tall slender man, very bald, and had a habit 
when visiting relatives of laying a glove on his head. 5 

He boarded with a Miss Mary Hay Ruddiman (see note below), and 
died in her house in Riddle's Close, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh. 5 ' 6 He was 
buried in Greyfriars Cemetery Edinburgh. 

"1823, Sept. 17th Lieut. Walter Ruddiman. Aged 61. Foot of Brown's 
Ground, south of Ballantyne's Tomb." 7 

Note. — Miss Mary Hay Ruddiman called herself a connection of the 
family, but she did not know the exact relationship. She said that when her 
father died, Walter Ruddiman (No. XI.) laid his head in the grave as nearest 
relative. 5 Miss M. H. Ruddiman was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edin- 
burgh, 13th April 1 829." 

1 Army Lists. 2 His brother John's Will (see page 76). 

3 See page 91. 4 Copy of Deed in Register House, Edinburgh. 

5 My mother. " See Appendix E. 7 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

79 



No. XXVII. Janet Ruddiman, i 761- 1849. 



XXVII. 



JANET RUDDIMAN, only daughter of Walter Ruddiman (No. XL), was 
born in 1761. 1 In April 1773 she went to the Theatre Royal, Edin- 
burgh, with her father and the poet Robert Fergusson, to hear an Epi- 
logue which the latter had written, and during the performance she sat 
on the poet's knee. 2 On the loss of the family means by her brothers, Thomas 
and John, she went as governess to Margaret, 3 daughter of James Masterton 3 
of Braco Castle, 4 whose mother had died at her birth. On the death of her 
brother John in 1816 she inherited ^"iooo, and all his household furniture, bed 
and table linen, body clothes, watch, jewels, trinkets, silver plate, and books, 
and so became independent, but continued to live at the Castle, without 
salary, as companion to Miss Mary Masterton, the Colonel's sister. 3 Colonel 
Masterton entertained King George IV. on his visit to Scotland in 1822, and 
ruined himself in so doing, everything he had being sold off. 5 Miss Ruddiman 
afterwards removed to Edinburgh, bringing with her old Miss Masterton, and 
lived with her four nieces in Duncan Street (now Dundonald Street), Edinburgh." 
Here Miss Masterton died, and was removed to Muthill, Perthshire, for burial. 
Later Miss Ruddiman removed with her nieces to 51 Northumberland Street, 
Edinburgh, where she died in 1849. She gave great assistance to A. B. G. 
in writing the memoir of Robert Fergusson the poet. 2 She was buried in 
Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

"1849, April 1 8th. Miss Janet Ruddiman, 88 years, Daughter of the late 
Walter Ruddiman, Printer, Died 15th April at 51 Northumberland Street."' 

Her Will was recorded 19th April 1849, and the following is an extract 
from the copy in the General Register House, Edinburgh : — 

It is dated 3rd June 1836. She describes herself as "Miss Janet Ruddi- 
man, now residing at Braco Castle, daughter of Walter Ruddiman, Printer, 



1 See burial below. 

2 Works of Robert Fergusson, by A. B. G. Pub. 185 1. 

3 Masterton Papers, Scottish Hist. Soc. 

4 In her brother John's Will she is said to be living at Braco Castle in 1813 {see p. 74). 

6 My mother. 

According to her own Will, she was still at Braco Castle in 1836 {see below). 

7 Greyfriars Burial Register. 
80 






No. XXVII. Janet Ruddiman, 1761-1849. 

Edinburgh," and appoints as trustees Thomas Ruddiman, her nephew ; Walter 
Dickson, Writer to the Signet ; James Steuart, Writer to the Signet. She 
bequeaths — 

(1) To Thomas Ruddiman, her nephew, ^100. 

(2) To Miss Mary Masterton, sister of the late James Masterton of Braco, 

,£19, 19s. (see note below). 

(3) To Mrs Henry Masterton or Elliot at Braco, ^19, 19s. (see note below). 

(4) Interest of the remainder of her estate to her nieces, Christian, Janet, 

Margaret, and Alison, daughters of her late brother Thomas. 

Note. — James Masterton belonged to the old family of Masterton of Park- 
mill. He purchased the estate of Braco Castle in 1801. When he got into 
difficulties he settled the estate on his son-in-law, Major Elliot, and died 1st 
April 1836 at Braco, leaving an only daughter, Margaret Seymour Masterton, 
born 1799, who married, 30th October 1823, Theodore Henry Elliot, Captain, 
Royal Engineers, eldest son of the Right Hon. Hugh Elliot, Governor of 
Madras. Braco was sold in 1843 to George Drummond Stewart (Masterton 
Papers). 



No. XXVIII. John Ruddiman, -1742. 



XXVIII. 

JOHN RUDDIMAN, third son of James Ruddiman (No. II.), was a farmer 
at Ellisburn or Alehouseburn. 1 In July 1703 he visited his brother 
Thomas in Edinburgh. 1 In 171 1 he married, in Boyndie parish, Banff- 
shire, Isabel Milne of Alvah parish. 2 

" March 20th. John Ruddiman, in this parish, and Isobel Milne, in the 
parish of Alvah, were contracted in marriage, proclaimed thrice, and married 
April 19th 171 1." 2 

On 1st April 17 16 John Ruddiman in Alehouseburn witnessed a baptism 
in Boyndie. 3 In 1732 he was witness to the baptism of Janet, daughter of 
Alexander Mill, Mill of Alvah. 4 

In the General Register House, Edinburgh, are five documents connected 
with his estate, including the original Will itself. 

His Will is dated 3rd May 1742, and it is stated that he died the same 
month. The Will was proved at Aberdeen nth August 1742. He appears 
to have been well off, as various large sums are said to be due to him — ^600, 
^"267, etc. The sale of his effects brought ^267, 7s. 4d. In his Will he says, 
" I am weak and sicklie in my body," and he desires to be buried beside his 
fathers. 

The inventory was given up by Isobel Milne, the relict. Alexander Milne, 
Mill of Alvah, was cautioner for Isobel Milne. 

He and wife were buried in Alvah Parish Churchyard, Banffshire, beside 
his father, 5 and the monument is still (1901) in existence. The part of the 
inscription which refers to them is as follows : — 

" Here rest in Peace the Bodies of John Ruddiman, late 
Farmer in Alehouseburn, who died the 8th May 1742, 6 and of 
his spouse Isabel Milne, who died 5th August 1763." 

1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 2 Boyndie Parish Marriage Register. 

3 Boyndie Parish Register. 4 W. Cramond. 

6 See No. II. G The date, "1747," on drawing is a mistake. 
82 



No. XXVIII. John Ruddiman, -1742. 



The signatures given below are from the Will referred to above, and it is 
curious to note that the widow signs her maiden name. 

f 4 ® %*6drrrmi 



4**41 



1 pacbtfttai 




They had no children. 1 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 



83 



No. XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687-1770. 



XXIX. 

WALTER RUDDIMAN, fourth son of James Ruddiman (No. II.), 
was born in 1687, 1 and came to Edinburgh in 1706, 2 when he was 
apprenticed to Mr Robert Freebairn, printer. 2 In 17 15 he became 
a partner with his brother Thomas in a printing business — a partner 
in the materials, but not in the house, although both were equal sharers in 
the profit and loss. 2 About this time he married Janet, daughter of Duncanson 3 
of Kyle in Argyllshire 2 (probably Cuil, six miles north-east of Inverary), see 
Appendix B. In August 1727 he became a partner in the house as well as 
the materials, when his name for the first time appeared on the title pages 
of the works they printed, along with that of his brother Thomas. 2 

In the Register House, Edinburgh, there is a notice of a Deed, dated 
27th June 1732. It is a Disposition and Assignation by Thomas Ruddiman, 
keeper of the Advocates' Library, in favour of Walter Ruddiman, printer in 
Edinburgh. The Deed itself is not recorded, as it was notified on 14th 
July 1772 that it had been cancelled. 

In 1733 he became a burgess and guild brother of the city of Edin- 
burgh : — 

" 1 733 January 31st. Walter Ruddiman printer, compearing is made 
burgess and gild brother for payment of two hundred merks in satisfaction 
of, and conform to, the common oath anent the admission of unfreemen, and 
gave his oath, etc. Thomas Dick, Dean of Guild." * 

The original burgess ticket came into the possession of the Right-Hon. 
Sir William Gibson-Craig, Bart, (born 1797, died 1878), and when his collec- 
tion was sold the burgess ticket was purchased by Mr John Grant, book- 



1 See burial. 2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 In Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman he says that Gilbert Stuart, LL.D., son of George Stuart, 
Professor of Humanity in Edinburgh University, "was a relation of Ruddiman's." Gilbert Stuart's mother 
was a Duncanson, so this was probably the relationship {see Appendix B.). 

4 Edinburgh Burgess Roll. 

84 




25x30 



WALTER RUDDIMAN 

(no. xxix.) 

after painting in possession of 
James Steuart, Esq. 



No. XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687- 1770. 

seller, George IV. Bridge, Edinburgh, who sold it to me. As it is an 
interesting document, I have copied the wording, which is as follows : — 

" The Oath of each Burges given at his Admission. 

"Ifjerc J protest Befor God and Your Lordships that I profess and allow 
with my Heart the True Religion presently professed within this Realme, 
And Authorized by the Laws thereof. I shall abide thereat and Defend the 
same to my Life's end Renounceing the Roman Religion Called Papistry. 
I shall be Leill and True To Our Soveraign Lord King George the 
Second and his successors, To the Provost and Baillies of this Burgh. I 
shall keep and underly the Laws and Statuts of this Burgh, I shall obey 
the officers of this Burgh, Fortify mantain and Defend them in Execution 
of their offices with my Body and Goods. I shall not Collour unfreemens 
Goods under Collour of mine own, I shall not purchass Lordships nor 
Authorities contrair to the Fredome of this Burgh. In all Taxations Watch- 
ings Wairdings and all other Burdens To Be Laid upon this Burgh I shall 
willingly Bear my part as I am commanded by the Magistrats thereof, and 
shall not purchass nor use Exemptions to be free thereof, Renounceing the 
Benifite of the samen for ever and Especially I shall not project nor 
procure any Monopolies nor be partners in any directly nor Indirectly And 
Finally I shall not attempt nor doe anything Hurtfull to the Liberties and 
Common well of this Burgh And swa oft as I shall Break any point of this 
my oath I oblige me to pay To the Common affairs of this Burgh ane 
Hundred pounds money and shall Remain in waird ay and while the same 
be paid swa help me God and by God Himself." 

"The Oath of each Gildbrother given at his Admission. 

"J shall Give the best Councill I can and Conceal the Councill shewn 
to me I shall not Consent to dispone the Common Good But for ane 
Common Cause and ane Common profite I shall make Concord when Discord 
is to the outmost of my power I shall Give my Leill and True Judgment 
In all Liniations and Neighbourheads But Price Prayer or Rewaird swa help 
me God and by God Himself. 

"(Sebttmc Jfebruarij Jaibij 1 & irigesimcr ttxtio. 

" WXZ tohixh Jag In presence of Thomas Dick Dean of Gild and 
the Gild Councill WALTER RUDDIMAN Printer Compearing is made 

1 See page 28. 

85 



No. XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687-1770. 

Burges and Gildbrother of this Burgh and paid for his Duty to the Dean 
of Gild the soume of Two Hundred merks Scots Conform to ane Act of 
the Town Councill made anent the Admission of unfreemen (Extracted Furth 
of the new Locked Gild Book of the Burgh of Edinburgh by me George 
Home Clerk thereof Witnessing Hereunto my signe and Subscription manual 

" (Signed) George Home." 

The document is written on vellum (21x135), and touched up with gold. 
Round the three initial letters, |p, J, and %, beginning the three paragraphs, 
are drawn the emblems of the printer's and papermaker's art — dabbers for inking 
the type, wire screens used in making hand-made paper, etc. Along the top of 
the last initial, %, are the words, "Walter Ruddiman Printer in Edinburgh 
I 733-" Cm the back are the words, "For Walter Ruddiman Printer Burges 
and Gildbrother of Edinburgh 1733." 

Walter Ruddiman evidently kept a note of his apprentices on the back of 
his burgess ticket, as he there records the following : — 

" Edinr. 4th (?) June 1740 (? 4) Ebenezar Erskine B. P. 
"7th Nov. 1744 Robert Weir Booked Prentise. 
"27th Janry. 1747 William 1 Oswald booked prentice. 
"21 Novr. 1750 George Scott booked prentice. 
" 16 May 1753 John Richardson booked P." 

In May 1736 the co-partnership with his brother Thomas was renewed." 
In 1752 he was present at two baptisms. 

" 1752, June 30th. Tuesday, 6 p.m. In the Back Stairs from the Meal 
Market, baptized a son of George Hay, Printer, named Thomas. Walter 
Ruddiman, James Mackenzie, and T. Traill, Writers, Sponsors." 3 

The second baptism was that of his granddaughter, Janet Hutton, which 
see page 92. 

There is a bond in the Register House, Edinburgh, dated 12th March 
1755, and registered 27th November 1770, by Walter Ruddiman, senior, Edin- 
burgh, in favour of John Hutton. It is therein mentioned that by the marriage 
contract of John Hutton with Walter Ruddiman's second daughter, Anne, that 
Walter Ruddiman bound himself to pay to Mr Hutton ^"500 in name of tocher. 
It is also mentioned that in a post-nuptial contract of this date the said Walter 
Ruddiman has bound himself to pay to Robert Smith, husband of his first 
daughter, Janet, .£700 ; so he now grants this bond to Mr Hutton, making 

1 Walter (?), see page 88. - Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 Registers of Old St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Carrubber's Close. 
86 




25x30 



JANET DUNCANSON 

Wife of Walter Ruddiman 
(no. xxix.) 

after painting in possession of 
James Steuart, Esq. 



No. XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687-1770. 

up his "tocher" to the same amount as the other. In this deed Walter Ruddi- 
man refers to his spouse, " Mrs Janet Duncanson." 

In January 1757 he became a trustee on his brother Thomas' estate, along 
with John Gordon, Advocate, and James Wright and Thomas Boswell, Writers. 1 

In 1757 his wife died, and was buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

"Mrs Janet Duncanson, Buried 17th March 1757, at the foot of Brown's 
Ground." 2 

It will be observed that she is styled "Mrs Janet Duncanson," as in the 
bond of 1755, above referred to; and also that she was buried in the Ruddi- 
man's ground, as the description of the place of burial is the same as that of 
Janet Bradfute, wife of Walter Ruddiman, junior (page 47). 

In the Register House, Edinburgh, there is a disposition, dated 23rd April 
1763, and registered 20th November 1770, by Walter Ruddiman, Edinburgh, 
in favour of his daughters. He therein settles his private estate on his two 
daughters — "Jennet" Ruddiman, wife of Robert Smith, surgeon in London; and 
Anne Ruddiman, wife of John Hutton, merchant in Edinburgh. In this deed 
Walter Ruddiman mentions that he prints the Caledonian Mercury. 

There is another deed in the Register House, Edinburgh, dated 23rd 
January 1768, and registered 21st November 1770, in which Walter Ruddiman, 
with special advice and consent of Anne Smith, widow of Thomas Ruddiman, 
his brother german, assigns to John Hutton, his son-in-law, all his business 
rights : first, because he is too old to attend to business ; and second, because 
the said John Hutton has bound himself to pay him an annuity for life of £% 
sterling, and to find him in board, lodging, and washing. 

There is yet another deed in the Register House, Edinburgh, dated 19th 
January 1770, and registered 22nd November 1770, in which Walter Ruddiman, 
senior, grants a bond of annuity in favour of George Reid, senior, 3 printer in 
Edinburgh. He says that, for the great love he bears for the said George 
Reid, he binds himself and his heirs to pay to the said George Reid an annuity 
of ^5 all the days of his life, and that at his, the said Walter Ruddiman's, 
death, he binds his heirs to give to the said George Reid £\o for mournings. 

At an early period Walter Ruddiman had a paper mill at Colinton, as 
the following extract from a lease shows: — In 1750 Sir Jas. Foulis of Colinton 
granted a lease to John Fairholm, skinner, burgess of Edinburgh, of his 
" Barlie Miln called Collintown Barlie Mill, formerly a Paper Mill set to Mr 
Walter Ruddiman & Robert Fleming ; printers in Edinburgh, John Aitken, 



1 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 2 Greyfriars Burial Register. 

3 Query. — Is he the George Reid who married Helen Ruddiman, see page 94. 

87 



No. XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687-1770. 

Bookseller there ; and Wm. Annandale, Paper Maker at Pennycook ; and 
thereafter to William Johnstone, Brewer at Corstorphine." ' 

Afterwards he managed for many years the Melville Paper Mill, near Lass- 
wade, and died there in his 83rd year, being then the oldest master-printer in 
Scotland. 2 A view of Melville Mill is given opposite. 

In the Scots Magazine, August 1770, p. 441, there appear verses to his 
memory by W. O. (Walter Oswald), who had been his apprentice and journey- 
man. 2 In the list of his apprentices given above (page 86), appears a "William 
Oswald." The verses are as follows : — 

" To the memory of Mr Walter Ruddiman, late Printer in Edinburgh : — 

" Quern semper acerbum, Semper honoratum, sic Dii voluistis, habebo 

"With ev'ry peaceful virtue fraught his mind, 
Of unaffected manners, social, kind, 
To whom Distress in vain could ne'er apply ; 
Whom honest labour found her best ally ; 
Whose useful life attain'd each virtuous end, 
, JJ* The gentlest master, father, husband, friend ; 

Just Heav'n remark'd such merit here below, 
And bade his days in easy plenty flow ; 
Thus blest with ev'ry good the world holds dear, 
His life unquestion'd, and his conscience clear, 
Of eighty-two revolving winters turn'd ; 
By ev'ry rank esteem'd, belov'd, and mourn'd. 
Without one pang he quits this mortal dust, 
To join the perfect spirits of the just ; 
Where then thy sting ? O death ! untaught to spare ! 
And all-devouring grave ! thy vict'ry where ? 
Accept these rhymes, thou dear departed shade, 
From one whose muse thy kind indulgence made ; 
'Tis all she has to soothe her genuine wo' 
'Tis all her gratitude could e'er bestow." 3 

"Aug. 23rd, 1770. At Melvin Paper Mill, about six miles south-east of 
Edinburgh, in an advanced age, Mr Walter Ruddiman, senior, the oldest 
master-printer in Scotland. His character for simplicity of manners and integrity 
of heart will render his memory respected by all who knew him." 4 

He was buried in Grey friars Cemetery. 

1 Lease in possession of James Steuart, Esq. 2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 Scots Magazine, referred to above. 4 Weekly Magazine, 23rd August 1770. 

88 




JANET D U N C A N S O N (?) 
Wife of Walter Ruddiman 




WALTER RUDDIMAN (?) 
(no. xxix.) 

after originals in possession of 
James Steuart, Esq. 




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No. XXIX. Walter Ruddiman, 1687-1770. 

"1770, Aug. 25th. Mr Walter Ruddiman, Printer, Aged 83." ' 
By his wife he had eight children, of whom six died in infancy. 3 Of the 
eight children, I have been able to trace five : — 

(a) Janet, referred to in deed mentioned above (page 86) as his " first 
daughter" (see No. XXX.). 
(6, c, d) The three unrecorded children probably followed here. 

(e) "James, Born 21st, Bapt. 24th April 1728, son of Walter Rudi- 
man, Printer, and Janet Duncanson. Witnesses — Mr Thomas 
Ruddiman, Keeper of the Advocat's Library, and Mr Andrew 
Duncanson, Preacher." 3 Died infancy. 2 
(/) Margaret, buried in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh. 

"1730, Nov. 7th. Margaret, itf years, child of Walter Rudiment." 1 
(g) "Walter, Born 18th, Bapt. 24th May 1732, son of Walter Rudi- 
man, Printer, and Janet Duncanson. Witnesses — -Mr Thos. 
Rudiman, Keeper of the Advocates Liberarie, and Gavin Drum- 
mond, Bookseller." 3 Died infancy. 2 
(h) Anne, referred to in deed above (page 86) mentioned as "second 
daughter," born 1733 (see No. XXXI.). 

PORTRAITS. 

(1) Oil painting of Walter Ruddiman, senior, in possession of James Steuart, 
Esq. (here reproduced), a copy of which is in my possession. 

(2) Oil painting of Mrs Walter Ruddiman (Janet Duncanson), in possession 
of James Steuart, Esq. (here reproduced), a copy of which is in my posses- 
sion. For account of these two pictures see No. XXXI., p. 92. 

(3) Oil painting (supposed to be) of Walter Ruddiman as a young man, 
in possession of James Steuart, Esq., copy of which is in my possession. As 
it is doubtful, it is not reproduced. 

(4) Silhouette (supposed to be) of Walter Ruddiman, senior, in possession 
of James Steuart, Esq., here reproduced. 

(5) Silhouette (supposed to be) of Mrs Walter Ruddiman (Janet Duncan- 
son), in possession of James Steuart, Esq., here reproduced. 

SIGNATURE. 



Cy\7cJP\~lv rfj*^ Ji^^c^n, 



Signature copied from the original marriage contract of his brother Thomas 
(see page 6) with Janet Horsbrugh. 

1 Greyfriars Burial Register. - Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 3 Edinburgh City Baptisms. 
M 89 



No. XXX. Janet Ruddiman, — 



XXX. 

JANET RUDDIMAN, elder surviving daughter of Walter Ruddiman, 
(No. XXIX.). In 1755 she is described as "first daughter." 1 She 
married Robert Smith, surgeon, Edinburgh. 2 

In a post-nuptial contract, dated 12th March 1755, her father gave 
her ,£700 by way of "tocher." 1 In 1763 her father settled his private estate 
on his two daughters, and she is then described as "Jennet Ruddiman, wife 
of Robert Smith, surgeon, London." 3 

In the Register House, Edinburgh, there is a Deed, dated 10th Decem- 
ber 1771, and registered 13th July 1773, by which Janet Ruddiman, daughter 
of deceased Walter Ruddiman, and spouse of Robert Smith, surgeon in 
" Leasister," appoints Michael Nasmyth, W.S., her factor in Scotland. In 
1777 she was retoured heiress of her father: — 

" Ruddiman, Janet (or Smith), wife of Robert Smith, surgeon, London, 
to her father Walter Ruddiman, senior, Printer, Edinburgh. Heir Portioner 
General, 6th Feby. 1777. Recorded 15th Feby. 1 777-" 4 
She had two children who outlived her. 2 

PORTRAIT. 

Silhouette supposed to be of Janet Ruddiman (Mrs Smith), in possession 
of James Steuart, Esq., here reproduced. It has a brass frame of the same 
pattern as that of her sister Mrs Hutton's. 



1 See Deed (page 86). 2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

3 See Deed (page 87). 4 Index of Retours or Services of Heirs. 



90 




ANNE RUDDIMAN 
(no. xxxi.) 

Wife of John Hutton 




JANET RUDDIMAN (?) 

(NO. XXX.) 

Wife of Robert Smith 

after originals in possession of 

James Steuart, Esq. 



No. XXXI. Anne Ruddiman, 1733-1810. 



XXXI. 

ANNE RUDDIMAN, younger surviving daughter of Walter Ruddiman 
(No. XXIX.). She was born in 1733, 1 and married in 1751 John 
Hutton, one of the magistrates of Edinburgh. 2 

"6th Oct. 1 75 1. John Hutton, Merchant in New Kirk Parish, 
and Ann Rudiment, daughter lawful to Walter Rudiment, Printer in S.W. 
Parish." 3 

John Hutton's Signature. 

In the Deed of 1 755 4 she is styled "second daughter" of her father, 
and it is therein also stated that in her marriage contract her father had 
agreed to give her ^500 in name of "tocher," which he now increased to 
,£700. In the Deed of 1 763 5 her father settled his private estate on his 
two daughters, and she is therein described as "wife of John Hutton, 
Merchant in Edinburgh." By the Deed of 1768 5 Walter Ruddiman trans- 
ferred all his business rights to his son-in-law, John Hutton, for the reasons 
therein given. Mr Hutton also succeeded to the Melville Paper Mill. 1 In 
1769 Mr Hutton became a trustee on the estate of Thomas Ruddiman 's 
widow {see page 18). 

In 1777 Anne Ruddiman was retoured heiress of her father: — 

" Ruddiman, Ann (or Hutton), wife of John Hutton, Merchant, Edinburgh, 
to her father Walter Ruddiman, senior, Printer there. Heir Portioner Gen- 
eral, 6th Feby. 1777. Recorded 15th Feby. 1777." 6 

In the Edinburgh Directory of 1773-4 is: "Hutton John, paper ware- 



1 MS. pedigree by Mr Steuart. 

3 Edinburgh City Marriage Register. 

5 See page 87. 



2 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. 

4 See page 86. 

Index of Retours or Services of Heirs. 



91 



No. XXXI. Anne Ruddiman, 1733-1810. 

house, parliament close." On 27th and 28th August 1788 "John Hutton, 
Stationer," was a juryman on the trial of the notorious Deacon Brodie. 1 

John Hutton died 2nd October 18 10, aged eighty-eight, 2 and Mrs Hutton 
died 1st November 18 10, aged seventy-seven. 2 They had one son and four 
daughters, 3 but I cannot find any record of one of the daughters, the other 
four children were : — 

(a) Walter Hutton, died s.p. 25th December 1841. 4 

(b) Janet Hutton : — 

"1752 Nov. 2nd Tuesday 10.30 p.m. At the Meal Mercat, baptized a 
daur (born in the 7th moneth) of John Hutton, and Anne Ruddiman, named 
Janet. Walter Ruddiman, and his wife ; Mrs Fenton ; and Mrs Fleming, 
Midwife, present." 5 

She died unmarried 26th May 1824, 4 but is styled "Mrs" here: — 
" 1824 May 26. At Edinburgh, Mrs Janet Hutton, eldest daughter of 
the late John Hutton, Esq. merchant in Edinburgh." 6 

(c) Margaret Hutton, died 16th May 1854 unmarried. 4 

By her settlement, dated 25th May 1848, and registered in the Books 
of Council and Session 22nd May 1854, she bequeathed "To Misses Christian, 
Janet, and Alison Steuart Ruddimans (see pp. 70-72), Residing in Duncan Street, 
Edinburgh, and to the survivor of them the pictures of my Grand Father 
and Grand Mother" [i.e., Walter Ruddiman (No. XXIX.) and his wife Janet 
Duncanson]. 7 

(d) Anna Hutton, to whom my granduncle, John Johnston, addressed 

some verses, which were published in the Edinburgh Magazine 
April 1785. 

1. 

As I sat in my Anna's room 
Wearying at her long delay 
Her pretty linnet stretched his wings 
And whistling, thus to me did say 

II. 

Ah ! why so oft, fond youth, did you 
Such as me, poor captive call 
When you who seem to be quite free 
Are yet the greatest slave of all 

1 Kay's Portraits 2 Mourning Ring in possession of the Steuarts. 

3 Chalmers's Life of Thomas Ruddiman. i MS. Pedigree by Mr Steuart. 

6 Register of Old St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Carrubbers Close. 
6 Edinburgh Annual Register 7 James Steuart, Esq. 

92 



No. XXXI. Anne Ruddiman, 1733-1810. 



in. 

What you wish for, I enjoy 
Most of her time is spent with me 
When her soft fingers stroke my breast 
Say who could think of being free 

IV. 

Food from her fair hands I get 
And crystal water when I'm dry 
Imprisonment with such delights 
Is sweeter far than liberty 



See how downy are my wings 
While your looks are pale and wan 
Then tell me who looks captive most 
The linnet or the man x 



PORTRAIT. 

Silhouette of Anne Ruddiman (Mrs Hutton) in possession of James 
Steuart, Esq., here reproduced. 



1 John Johnston was in the Banking House of Sir William Forbes & Co., and died unmarried in 1788. 
His brother, my grandfather, Andrew Johnston, before becoming a Writer, learned business in John Hutton's 
paper warehouse in the Parliament Square, Edinburgh, and these verses are copied from his scrap book, 
and he adds "the fair one was Miss Anna Hutton." 



93 



No. XXXII. Helen Ruddiman,- 



XXXII. 

HELEN RUDDIMAN, second daughter and youngest child of James 
Ruddiman (No. II.). Chalmers, in his Life of Thomas Ruddiman, 
referring to her, says : "I know nothing." In an article which appeared 
in the Banffshire Journal, Tuesday, 18th October 1864, the writer 
says : " We have been able to trace, from a letter in the possession of Mr 
Adamson, solicitor, Banff, that Helen married a Mr Addison, and on her hus- 
band's death, Thomas Ruddiman, the grammarian, took her son up to Edin- 
burgh and gave him education." 

The latter statement is wrong, for on referring to the Register of Marriages 
of Boyndie parish I find : — 

" Feb. 9th. George Reid 1 in the parish of Banff and Helen Rudiman in 
this parish were contracted in marriage, proclaimed thrice, and married Feby. 
20th 17 1 1." 

Chalmers in his Life of Thomas Ruddiman, referring to Agnes Ruddiman (p. 3), 
the elder sister of Helen, says : " Marrying one (George) Reid, left a daughter, 
who, falling into poverty, was relieved by Ruddiman, through the solicitation 
of Bishop Falconer, in 1751 ; and George Reid, who, being an inmate with 
Ruddiman, collected notes for his life, which were found useful, though they 
be not accurate." 

Chalmers evidently confused the two ladies, and there is a curious resem- 
blance about the stories told of the son of the Addisons and the daughter of 
the Reids being assisted by the grammarian which makes one think the con- 
fusion has extended to the next generation also. 

In the Burial Register of Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh, is the following : — 

"1772, May 1. Ann Rudiman Reid, a child." 2 



1 Query. — Is he the George Reid referred to in deed of 19th January 1770? (See p. 87). 
- Query. — Is this a descendant of Helen Ruddiman? 
94 



APPENDICES. 



Appendix A. 



Appendix A. 



THE BRADFUTES. 

I HAVE not discovered the place or date of Walter Ruddiman's (No. XI.) marriage, 
neither have I found the names of his wife's parents ; but in my search I dis- 
covered two ladies named Janet Bradfute, either of whom may have become Mrs 
Ruddiman. 

I. 

The first Janet Bradfute married James Anderson, younger, who died 1751, and as 
Walter Ruddiman did not marry until about 1754, it is possible that he then married 
James Anderson's widow. It will be observed that she had near relatives booksellers, like 
the Ruddimans, in Edinburgh, and that these relatives, again like the Ruddimans, were 
buried in Greyfriars Cemetery. 



I 

Elizabeth Bradfute 

B. 13th March 

Bap. 21st March 

1718 at Dunsyre by 

Bev. Thomas Linning 

Minister at Wellstoun 

John Learmond 

of Newholm 

William Brown in 

Mains, witnesses 



JameB Mure 
of Rhoddens 



Jean Mure 

M. May 1717 

D. 11th March 1763 



Eev. John Bradfute 
B. 1639. M.A. of Edinburgh 

University 30th June 1658 

Ordained Minister of Pettinane 

30th Oct. 1689. D. 30th July 1709 



I 

Rev. James Bradfute 

B. 1680. Lie 18th Sept. 1706 

Called 22nd Dec. 1712 

Ordained 1st April 1713 

Minister of Dunsyre 

"An excellent scholar and early 

patron of Principal Leechman " 

D. 16th Aug. 1758 



Rev. John Bell 
Minister of Gordon 



James Anderson. 


i 

= Janet Bradfute 


1 
Rev. John Bradfute = 


younger, Merchant 


B. and Bap. 8th May 


B. 10th Bap. 14th 


in Glasgow, son of 


1720 at Dunsyre by 


Nov. 1825 at Dun- 


JameB Anderson 


Rev. Thos. Linning 


syre by Rev. Wm. 


Elder of Stobcross 


Minister of Wellstoun 


Bannatyne, Minister 


M. Dunsyre 


William Broun 


of Yarrow. William 


29th April 1747 


Robert Liddall, both 


Broun, Robert Liddall 


Bur. 1st Jan. 1751 


in Mains, witnesses 


both in Mains of 


Glasgow 




Dunsyre, witnesses 

He succeeded his 

father as Minister of 

DunByre, and died 

21st March 1793 


i 


1 





Margaret Bell 
M. 1st Sept. 1761 



John Bell, B. 1735 
of Bell & Bradfute 
Booksellers, Edin- 
burgh. D. 1806 
Bur. in Greyfriars 
Cemetery, Edinburgh 



James Bradfute 

B. 1st Bap. 11th July 1762 

at Dunsyre 



John Bradfute 

B. 4th Nov. 1763 at Dunsyre 

Founder of "Bell & Bradfute " 

Booksellers, Edinburgh 

D. 16th Jan. 1837 

Bur. in Greyfriars Cemetery 

Edinburgh 



Mrs Bradfute Stoddart 

B. 1766. D. 1835 

Bur. in Greyfriars Cemetery 

Edinburgh 



Note I. — This pedigree is taken from Scott's Fasti, the Registers of Pettinane, Dunsyre, 

and Greyfriars, and a letter from Messrs Bell & Bradfute. 

N 97 



Appendix A. 



II. 

The second Janet Bradfut was the daughter of Daniel Bradfut, M.A., of Edinburgh 
University, nth May 1704, who was afterwards Professor of Greek in King's College, Aber- 
deen. Walter Ruddiman was certainly in Aberdeen in 1741 in connection with the Will 
of Thomas Ruddiman in Sandley (Appendix C, Note E, p. 101). 



Daniel Bradfut = 
D. King's College 
Aberdeen 
4th April 1754 



Mary Grace 



Alexander 

Bradfut 
Bap. 22nd 
Oct. 1723 
Bur. 17th 
July 1724 



John 
Bradfut 
Bur. 23rd 
Nov. 1723 



William 

Bradfut 

Bur. 5th 

April 1733 



Janet 

Bradfut 

Bap. 16th 

Jan. 1725 



Margaret 
Bradfut 
M. 27th 

Jan. 1746 



John 
Miln 



Elizabeth 

Bradfut 

Bur. 25th 

Nov. 1731 



Mary 

Bradfut 

Bur. 18th 

April 1747 



Note 2. — This pedigree is taken from registers of Old Machar parish, Aberdeen. 



98 



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Appendix C. 



Appendix C. 



NAMES IN SUPPLEMENTARY PEDIGREE. 

IN the pedigree opposite I give some other members of the Ruddiman family, and 
also show their possible, but not proved, connection with the family whose history 
has been given in the principal part of this book. The solid lines connecting names 
show proved relationship, the dotted lines show possible, but unproved, relationship. 

Note A.— JOHN RUDDIMAN in Sandlaw. His monument still (1901) exists in 
Alvah Parish Churchyard, Banffshire, and is inscribed, " Here lyes the body of John 
Ruddiman sometime dweller in Sandlau. He dyed the 12 of Janry. 17 10, & his children 
Allexr. Georg. & Agnes Ruddimans. Also Margrat dyed June the 10. 171 1." On a 
shield in the centre are the letters I ^, the lower ones probably being his wife's initials. 

Note B.— AGNES RUDDIMAN and her husband, PETER SMITH. Their monu- 
ment still (1901) exists in Alvah Parish Churchyard, Banffshire, and is inscribed, "In hope 
of a blessed resurrectione here lyes the body of Peter Smith some time in Alvah who 
departed this life the 3 day of Janry. 1727 years, and also his spouse Agnes Ruddiman 
who dyed June 30. 1733." 

Note C— THOMAS RUDDIMAN in Sandlay. His monument still (1901) exists in 
Alvah Parish Churchyard, Banffshire, and is inscribed, " In hope of a blessed resurrection 
here ly the ashes of Thomas Ruddiman sometime tennant in Sandlay, who departed this life 
Jully 16th 1725, with his children George, James, James, Thomas, and John Ruddimans. 
This stone is Erected by Alexander Ruddiman, Thomas & Peter Ruddimans his lawfull 
sons." Below the inscription are two wreaths, above and below the one are the letters \ g, 
and above the other the letters A R . The first set I suppose stand for Thomas Ruddi- 
man and his wife, and the last two letters stand for Alexander Ruddiman, and not being 
married, the second initials do not appear. 

Note D.— ALEXANDER RUDDIMAN in Cairntown. His monument still (1901) 

exists in Alvah Parish Churchyard, Banffshire, and is inscribed, " Here are interred the 

Bodies of Alexr. Ruddiman sometime Farmer Cairntown. Died Augt. 12th 1763, Aged 

62 years. And Isabel Watt his spouse who died . As also James Ruddiman who 

departed this life Oct. 9th 1766 Aged 21 years, & John Ruddiman who died Jan. 1st 

177 1 Aged 27 years. Their children. This stone is erected to their memory by Patrick 

Ruddiman their Eldest son." 
100 



Appendix C. 

Note .£.— THOMAS RUDDIMAN in Sandley. On 31st May 1739 Thomas Ruddi- 
man in Sandlaw witnessed the baptism of Thomas, son of James Lumsden. 1 Thomas 
Ruddiman in Alvah and Margaret Duffus were married in Banff 6th July 1739, 2 and their 
son, Alexander, was baptised in Alvah 5th May 1740, the name father being Alexander, 
Lord Banff. 1 Thomas Ruddiman's Will is still (1901) in existence in the Register House, 
Edinburgh. It consists of six original documents, and was proved at Aberdeen 24th 
November 1741. His wife, Margaret Duffus, and their child are referred to. His executor 
is his brother, Alexander Ruddiman, and he appoints Walter Ruddiman in Bog of Mont- 
blairie (see No. XI. in main portion of this book) to see that the sale of his effects is 
properly conducted. The sale took place at the " town of Stonebridge at Sandley " 20th 
October 1741, and the furniture brought £76, 19s. Among the buyers were Patrick Ruddi- 
man at Sandley, Alexander Ruddiman at Sandley, and Alexander Ruddiman at Tipperty. 
Bailie John Duffus is also mentioned, and he was probably father of Mrs Thomas Ruddi- 
man. Alexander Ruddiman, the executor, Patrick Ruddiman, Walter Ruddiman, and John 
Duffus signed the papers. 

Note F.— PATRICK RUDDIMAN in Sandlaw is probably identical with Patrick 
Ruddiman in Greenlaw, whose son, George Ruddiman, was baptised at Alvah nth June 

1739- 

Note G.— GEORGE RUDDIMAN in Breadock. On 18th March 1736 George Ruddi- 
man, Breadock, witnessed the baptism of Jean, daughter of George Anton, 1 and on 30th 
November 1737 he witnessed the baptism of Jean, daughter of George Lovie. 1 He had 
the following children : — 

(1) John Ruddiman, baptised at Alvah 19th August 1730. 1 

(2) Isabel Ruddiman, baptised at Alvah 31st October 173 1. 1 

And one of the witnesses was John Ruddiman in Alehouseburn {see. No 
XXVIII. in main portion of this book). 

(3) James Ruddiman, baptised at Alvah 29th February 1736. 1 

(4) John George Ruddiman, baptised at Alvah 28th June 1738. 

Note //.—PETER RUDDIMAN in Tipperty. In 1716 his rent was £4 and seven 
bolls, 3 and he died before 1720. His wife was Margaret Anderson, and in the Records 
of the Court of Lands and Barony of Alvah she is mentioned in 1720 as "Relict of the 
deceased Peter Rudieman for her part of Tipperty." 3 She is also mentioned in connection 
with the baptism of her granddaughter in 1738. 

Note /.—ALEXANDER RUDDIMAN, in Little Tipperty, was probably a son of 
the above Peter Ruddiman. He had a daughter, Margaret, baptised at Alvah nth Sep- 
tember 1738, the name mother being Margaret Anderson, relict of Peter Ruddiman, 1 also 
referred to above. "On 8th March 1739 was baptised at Alvah, James, natural son of 
James Donald, son of Alexander Ruddiman in Tiperty." 1 

Note K.— PETER RUDDIMAN in Firfolds. His monument still (1901) exists in 
Alvah Parish Churchyard, Banffshire, and is inscribed, " This stone is erected by John 
Ruddiman in memory of his brother James Ruddiman who died Novr. 28 1760, Aged 



1 Alvah Parish Register. 2 Banff Parish Register. s \V. Craniond. 

IOI 



Appendix C. 

28 years. Being both lawful sons of Peter Ruddiman some time in Firfolds who died 
June 10th 1764, Aged 55 years." 

Note L. — THOMAS RUDDIMAN and his son James are mentioned in a pedigree 
compiled by the late Mr James Steuart, and it is possible that the first -named is the 
" Thomas Ruddiman, Bog of Montblairy," who witnessed the baptism of Thomas, son of 
George Allardice, at Alvah in August 1724. l 

Note J/.— JOSEPH RUDDIMAN of Springhill, Aberdeen, living 1794, 2 is mentioned 
in connection with his son (see Note N). 

Note N— -Dr WILLIAM RUDDIMAN matriculated at Aberdeen University: " 1771- 
75 Gulielmus Ruddiman, filius Joseph, Abredonensis." He became physician to the Nabob 
of Arcot, and in 1791 took his M.D. degree, and the records of Marischal College state 
that " as this Gentleman's high line in the Profession in India, as chief surgeon to the 
Nabob of Arcot, recommended him strongly to the Society, no certificate was required." 
In 1794, his father being then alive, he presented £100 to the Marischal College, saying, 
" I am certainly deeply indebted to the Marischal College of Aberdeen and its Professors ; 
therefore I think it a duty highly incumbent upon me to bestow a small mark of my grati- 
tude to that grand seminary of learning by requesting of you to wait on the Professors 
and beg they will accept of the enclosed bill of ,£100, to be lodged by them in the Uni- 
versity fund, the interest of which I hope will add one to the number of praemia burses 
so liberally given away annually to the best Latin scholars. Sincerely wishing that all 
the old students of the University may follow my example." 3 In 1801 he erected a 
monument to Thomas Ruddiman, the grammarian (see p. 17), in Greyfriars Church, Edin- 
burgh, and added to the inscription, " This tablet is erected as a respectful tribute by his 
relative, William Ruddiman, M.D., 1801." In 1819 he presented to Marischal College a 
portrait of himself by Graham, which still hangs in the College Hall. From 181 1 to 1823 
he was Rector's Assessor of Marischal College. In 1824 he gave £150 to Marischal 
College : — 

"To the Principal, Wm. L. Brown, D.D., 
" and Professors of Marischal College, Aberdeen. 

" No 34 Bryanston St., 
"Portman Square, 12th May 1824. 

"Most Revd. and Learned Gentlemen, — Having always had an unbounded 
veneration and respect for my Alma Mater, the Marischal College, many years ago I 
evinced my gratitude by a remittance of £100 when Dr George Campbell was Principal. 
I now avail myself of presenting the College with £150, annual interest of which will 
add one more Bursary to this noble and distinguished Seminary ; hoping those who have 
the means will follow my example. — I have the honour to remain, Gentlemen, Most respect- 
fully and faithfully yours. (Signed) Wm. Ruddiman." 



1 Alvah Parish Register. - A. Francis Steuart. 

3 From a paper in Mar. Coll. Ch. Room, "Bursaries," XXX., 1, endorsed "Copy letter from Mr Ruddi- 
man to his Father, 1794, with ,£100." 
I02 




* 



■ 



DR WILLIAM RUDDIMAN 
(appendix c, note n.) 

after an engraving 



Appendix C. 

A second letter on the subject follows : — 

" 34 Bryanston St., 
" Portman Square, 7th June 1824. 

" Dear, most Revd. and Learned Sir, — I am this inst. duly honoured with your 

kind favour of the 3rd. By all means, agreeably to your suggestion, with that of your 

learned Colleagues ; — Let the two sums be united, so as to make one tolerably good 

Bursary in my name instead of two smaller ones. Not hearing from you for some time, 

I was fearful something had occurred more than usual, and on the 31st ulto. I took the 

Liberty of writing a few lines to my dear Friend Robert Harvey of Braco to know the 

cause of not being honoured by a line of acknowledgment at an earlier period. This 

intrusion I hope you will pardon. Being now the College Vacation I ought to have 

allowed a reasonable time for you to meet your Learned Colleagues, before I cou'd have 

been honoured with your Reply. — Wishing prosperity to your Noble Seminary, and health 

and felicity to the Principal and Professors, I ever am Most Respy. and Faithfully Yours. 

"(Signed) Wm. Ruddiman. 
"To the Revd. Doctor W. L. Brown, 

" Principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen." 

Dr Ruddiman of London died in 1826, and bequeathed a further sum to the College: — 

" I give to Marischal College in Aberdeen the sum of £100 towards the repairs or 
rebuilding of the said College, and I direct that the receipt of the Treasurer, or other 
officer managing the funds, shall be a sufficient discharge to my executors for the said 
Legacy." l 

Note. — A separate account has always been kept of the Ruddiman Fund. The founda- 
tion appears in the 1889-90 University Callendar as "One Bursary of the Annual Value of 
£g or thereby, tenable for four years." The Commissioners of 1876 report (iv. 257) the 
capital as amounting to £311, 12s. 5d. 

The above account of Dr William Ruddiman is taken from the Records of the Marischal 
College and University of Aberdeen, by P. J. Anderson, M.A., LL.B. 2 vols., 1889 and 
1898. Printed for the New Spalding Club. 

20th Jany. 1826. "At his house, in Bryanstone-Street, London, Dr W. Ruddiman, in 
the 70th year of his age, formerly in the service of the Hon. East India Company, and 
physician to his Highness the Nabob of the Carnatic." — {Scots Magazine). 

Note C— Captain THOMAS RUDDIMAN, H.E.I.C.S., Madras Army. Died without 
issue 1887. In his Will he referred to a William RUDDIMAN as "cousin to my said 
father." He also bequeathed to the latter's son, Thomas Ruddiman of Aberdeen, ^500 
and the family pictures." 2 

Note /'.—Lieutenant WILLIAM RUDDIMAN was gazetted Ensign in the 84th 
Foot on 29th August 1798, and was promoted Lieutenant in the same regiment 8th Sep- 
tember 1 801. His name disappears from the Army Lists in 1807. 



1 Excerpt from Will quoted in letter, of date 28th March 1826, from George Arbuthnot, one of the 
executors (Mar. Coll. Ch. Room, "Bursaries," XXX., 3). 

2 A. Francis Steuart. 

I03 



Appendix D. 



Appendix D. 



RUDDIMANS FOUND IN DIFFERENT PARISH REGISTERS, ETC., 

BUT NOT IDENTIFIED. 



For Ruddimans mentioned in State Records and Parish Registers see Introduction, pp. xi>i. and xvii. 



Aberdeen. — Marriage : — 

26 Jany. 1747. James Redieman, Soldier, and Isabel Keith. 

Alvah Parish, Banffshire.— Baptisms : — 

26 November 1728. Alexander Ruddiman, witness to baptism of Alexander, son 

of Peter Skakel. 
Feb. 1729. John Ruddiman in Newtown, witness to baptism of Lilias, daughter of 

John Alexander. 

1 Feb. 1731. John and James Ruddiman, witnesses to baptism of James, son of 

James Chapman. 

2 Jany. 1732. Alexander Ruddiman in Sandburn, witness to baptism of Jean, 

daughter of Walter Davy in Denlugas. 

11 Sept. 1733. Alexander Ruddiman, servant to Parkhill, witness to baptism of 

Alexander, son of William Wish. 
31 Oct. 1740. John Ruddiman in Bog, witness. 
30 Dec. 1742. John Ruddiman in Bog, witness. 

12 May 1743. William Ruddiman in Moorden, witness. 

18 Nov. 1753. Peter Ruddiman in Bruntbrae, witness. 

Banff Parish. — Baptisms :— 

9 Sept. 1636. Johne Rodieman had a bairne baptized be name Johne. John Brokie 

and John Dunn, witnesses. 

21 Feb. 1640. James Rudiman had a bairne baptized be name Jeane. Witnesses — 
Gilbert Watson and Alexr. Rodiman. 

19 Dec. 1641. John Rodiman had a bairne baptized by name Elspet. Witnesses — 

David Mill and Robert Gill. 

12 June 1695. James, son of John Rudiman and Margaret Thomson. 

21 March 1722. John, son of Alexander Rudiman in Boghead. 
104 



Appendix D. 

Boyndie Parish, Banffshire.— Baptisms :— 

9 Feb. 1702. John Ruddiman in Boyndie, witness. 

7 March 1703. James Ruddiman in Little Reatty, witness. 

10 May 1704. John Ruddiman in Mickle Reatty, witness. 
24 Aug. 1704. James Ruddiman in Reatty, witness. 

Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh.— Burials:— 

19 July 1744. Eliza Ruddiman, Indweller. 

12 March 1749. Child of John Ruddiman. 
30 Apl. 1752. Child of John Ruddiman. 

27 Jany. 1753. Child of James Ruddiman, Soldier. 
9 Jany. 1760. Margaret Cochrane Ruddiman. 

29 Oct. 1761. John Ruddiman, old age. 

14 June 1790. Mr James Ruddiman, Hatter, Aged 64. 

13 Apl. 1829. Miss Mary Ruddiman. 

20 May 1838. Christian Ruddiman, Aged 64, Relict of Francis Ruddiman, a Porter. 

28 Oct. 1843. Margaret Ruddiman, Relict of William Burns. 

Monquidder Parish. — Baptism : — 

26 Dec. 1701. James, son of Thomas Rudiman. 

St. George's, Hanover Square, London. — Marriage : — 

27 April 1760. James Taylor of St. Martins in the Fields, B., and Elizabeth Ruddi- 

man of this Parish, S. 

Query. — Any connection of the Ruddiman's mentioned in Notes N and O 
of Appendix C ? 

Note. — There was a Jacob Ruddiman who wrote Tales and Sketches, published Edin- 
burgh 1828. 1 



1 A. Francis Steuart. 



o 105 



Appendix E. 



Appendix E. 



EDINBURGH CLOSES, ETC., REFERRED TO IN 
THIS HISTORY. 

FORRESTER'S WYND. 

FORRESTER'S WYND, where Walter Ruddiman and his sons (see Nos. XI., XII., 
XXV.) had their printing house, took its name from Sir Adam Forrester of Cor- 
storphine, who was twice chief magistrate of Edinburgh in the fourteenth century. 
The wynd lay between Beth's and Liberton's Wynds, on the south side of the Lawn- 
market. At the head of the latter the Forrester's had their great mansion, on the site 
of the present County Hall, extending to Forrester's Wynd. " It appears to have enclosed 
a quadrangular court, as was usual with city mansions of the first class. A covered 
archway formed the entry from the main street into the quadrangle, the grand staircase 
led into the Grand Hall." In 1566 John Sinclair, Bishop of Brechin, Lord President of 
the College of Justice, died in the wynd, in the house of James Mossman, the goldsmith 
who enclosed the Crown of Scotland with four arches, by order of James V. In 1572, 
in consequence of the houses in this district being set on fire by the guns from the Castle 
— which held out for Queen Mary, when besieged by the Regent's army — all the houses 
in this close were ordered to be unroofed (being of thatch), and the heather taken away 
and burned. It was by Forrester's Wynd that the Earl of Mar made his way at the head 
of a band of hackbutters to the rescue of James VI. on 17th December 1596, when the 
faithful, after listening to a sermon in St. Giles, withdrew to one of the aisles, and amid 
cries of " The sword of the Lord and of Gideon ! " left the church, and besieged their 
sovereign in the Council Chamber, or Laigh Tolbuith, to demand redress in matters of 
religion from " God's silly vassel." On occasions like this the foregate of the Forrester's 
lodging was closed against all comers. The Earl of Dunmore also had a house in For- 
rester's Wynd. There was a beaded doorway in the wynd, with the legend — 

" O. F. Our Inheritance, 1623." 

In 1637 a large crowd of women assembled here and attacked Sydeserf, Bishop of 

Galloway, when on his way to the Privy Council, and nearly tore him in pieces before 

he was rescued. 
106 



Appendix E. 

In 1772 Peter Williamson had a printer's shop here, at the head of the wynd ; in 
1776 he started The Scots Spy, published every Friday. He also established the first 
penny post in Edinburgh, and published a Directory in 1773. The Forresters were, with- 
out exception, the most ancient representatives of burgher nobility in the Scottish capital. 
A descendant of Sir Adam's — George, son of Henry Forrester, by his wife, Helen Preston 
of Craigmillar — was created a Baronet 1625, and a Baron 1633. 

The wynd was swept away between 1825 and 1836, when George IV. Bridge was 
made. 

MOROCCO CLOSE, LAWNMARKET. 

Morocco Close, Lawnmarket — not to be confused with Morocco Close and Land in 
the Canongate — was situated on the north side of the Lawnmarket, and was, with other 
closes, destroyed in 1798 to make way for Bank Street. In this close Thomas Ruddiman 
(No. IV., see p. 9), the grammarian, had a printing house in 1724, and so had his nephew, 
Walter Ruddiman, junior (No. XI., see p. 40), from 1757-62. 



PARLIAMENT CLOSE. 

What is now Parliament Square was formerly known as Parliament Close. In the 
eighteenth century there were so many small buildings clustered round St. Giles' Church 
that the High Street was much narrower, and the open space in Parliament Square much 
smaller, than at present. Near where the " Mercat Croce " now stands stood John's Coffee 
House, and the narrow passage leading from there into the Parliament Close was the 
centre of the booksellers and printers. Here Thomas Ruddiman (No. IV., see pp. 9 and 
12), the grammarian, lived, and had a printing house. The great fire of 1824 practically 
destroyed the Parliament Close and a considerable portion of the High Street. 



RIDDLE'S CLOSE, LAWNMARKET. 

Walter Ruddiman (No. XXVI., p. 79) died in Riddle's Close in 1823. This close still 
(1901) exists. It is on the south side of the Lawnmarket, and was at one time known 
as Macmorran's Close, for there a bailie of that name lived. In 1595 the boys of the 
High School, being refused a week's holiday, were so exasperated that they took posses- 
sion of the old school in Blackfriars Gardens, barricaded the doors, and declined to allow 
the masters or anyone else to enter. Bailie Macmorran, with some city officers, was sent 
to bring the boys to their senses ; but when he gave orders for the door to be forced, 
one of the boys fired a pistol, and killed the bailie on the spot. 

In this close in 1751 lived David Hume, the historian, who succeeded Thomas Ruddi- 
man (No. IV.), the grammarian, as Keeper of the Advocates' Library. 

Riddle's Close was acquired by Professor Patrick Geddes some years ago, and restored 
by him, the old architecture being carefully preserved, and all the fittings are in keeping 
with it. It is now (1901) used as a University Hall. 

107 



Addenda. 



Addenda 



OBITUARY NOTICES, ETC., DISCOVERED TOO LATE TO BE 
INSERTED IN PROPER PLACES. 

No. IV. — There is an obituary notice of Thomas Ruddiman in the Scots Magazine, 

which contains nothing new {see p. 16). 
No. V. — " 1747, Sept. 9. Thomas Ruddiman, junior, Printer in Edinburgh." — Scots 
Magazine [see p. 29). 
No. VI. — "1806, Sept. 22. At Edinburgh, Mrs Alison Ruddiman, daughter of the late 
learned Mr Thomas Ruddiman, and widow of Mr James Steuart, Writer 
in Edinburgh, in the 76th year of her age." — Scots Magazine {see p. 32). 
No. XI. — I have now the whole six volumes of the Edinburgh Magazine {see p. 40). 
I have now picked up vols, lviii. and lix. of the Weekly Magazine, so the 
statement at the foot of page 49, that there was a gap, is erroneous. 
No. XII.— "1825, July 19. At No. 79 George Street, Edinburgh, Mr Thomas Ruddi- 
man, in the 71st year of his age." — Edinburgh Annual Register {see p. 55). 
No. XIII. — " 1807, Oct. 1. At Edinburgh, in the 19th year of his age, William Ramsay 
Ruddiman, eldest son of Mr Thomas Ruddiman, printer." — Scots Magazine 
{see p. 57). 
No. XVII. — " 18 1 3, Jam-. 19. Lost in the West Indies, Mr Walter Ruddiman, Midship- 
man of the Venus frigate, second son of Mr Thomas Ruddiman, printer, 
Edinburgh." — Scots Magazine {see p. 68). 
No. XXV. — " 1809, Apl. 30. At Edinburgh, Mrs Lucy Ruddiman Ker of Morristone, 
spouse of John Ruddiman Ker, Esq." — Scots Magazine {see p. 73). 

" 1816, Feb. 15. At Fisher-row, John Ruddiman Ker, Esq." — Scots 
Magazine {see p. 74). 
No. XXIX. — " 1770, Aug. 23. At Melvil Paper Mill, near Edinburgh, in the 83rd year 
of his age, Mr Walter Ruddiman, the oldest master printer in Scotland, 
brother to the late Mr Thomas Ruddiman, many years Keeper of the 
Advocates Library." — Scots Magazine {see p. 88). 
No. XXXI. — " 1 8 10, Oct. 2. At Edinburgh, John Hutton, Esq., late merchant, and some- 
time one of the Magistrates of this city, in the 87th year of his age." — 
Edinburgh Annual Register {see p. 92). 

" 1810, Nov. 2. At Edinburgh, Mrs Ann Ruddiman, widow of the 
late John Hutton, Esq., merchant in Edinburgh." — Scots Magazine {see 
p. 92). 

"181 1, May 6. At Edinburgh, Miss Ann Hutton, second daughter of 

the late John Hutton, merchant in Edinburgh." — Scots Magazine {see p. 92). 
108 





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Index 



Index. 



Aberdeen, xvi., xvii., 2, 4, 13, 38, 39, 82, 98, 102, 103. 

„ Redieman in, unidentified, 104. 

Adam, Dr, 20. 
Adamson, Mr, 94. 

„ Mrs, 4. 

Adamsons, 3. 
Adamtoun, 99. 
Addison, Mr, 94. 
Addisons, 3. 
Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 5, 6, 8, 10, 40, 84, 

107, 108. 
Ainslie, I., 10. 

Aitchison's Directory of Edinburgh, 54. 
Aitken, John, 87. 
Alehouseburn, 82. 
Alexander, John and Lilias, 104. 
Allan, Thomas, 28. 
Allardice, George and Thomas, 36. 
Alvah, xvii., 2, 12, 33, 38, 82, 100, 101. 

„ Ruddimans in, unidentified, 104. 
Anderson, James, 97. 

„ Mr and Misses, 4. 

„ or Ruddiman, Margaret, 101. 

P. J., 103. 
Annandale, Wm., 88. 
Arcot, Nabob of, xv., 102. 
Argyle, Archibald, Duke of, 29. 
Argyllshire, 84, 99. 
Armorial bearings, xv. 
Ashton or Johnston, Ellen Eliza, 67. 
Athole, Duke of, 13. 

„ Place, Edinburgh, 70. 
Auld, W., 40. 
Auldbar, 5. 
Auldingstone, 73. 

Bailie, I sob., 30. 

Baillie, James, 10. 

Baldavy, 2, 4. 

Banff, xvii., 4, 8, 9, 12, 36, 94, 100. 

„ Lord, 101. 

„ Ruddimans in, unidentified, 104. 
Banffshire, xvi., 82. 
TSanjfshire Journal, 94. 



Bank St., Edinburgh, 107. 
Bannatyne, Rev. Wm., 97. 
Barklay, Isabel and Patrick, 33. 

„ James and Peter, 33, 35. 
Barns, 76. 
Bartlet, Mr, 52. 
Bartolozzi, 25. 
Beaumont, Aleck, 76. 
Beckford family, 75. 
Belchear, Jo., 30. 
Belhaven, Lord, 55. 
Bell family, 97. 
Bellie, Patrick, 5. 
Benson, Wm., 12. 
Bernard Street, Leith, 54. 
Berry, Wm., 9. 

Berwick and Kelso Railway, 74. 
Berwickshire, 73. 
Beth's Wynd, Edinburgh, 106. 
Bethune, Dr George, 28. 
Black, Professor Wm., 5. 
Blackfriars Garden, Edinburgh, 107. 
Blair Castle, 13. 

„ Wm. Davidson, 99. 
Blyth, James, 79. 
Bog of Montblairy, 104. 
Boghead, 104. 

Boswell, Thomas, 16, 29, 87. 
Boyndie, xvii, 1, 2, 4, S3, 82, 94. 
„ Burn of, 4. 

„ Ruddimans in, unidentified, 105. 
Boyne, Laird of, 1, 2. 
Braco, 103. 

„ Castle, 74, 80, 81. 
Bradfute or Ruddiman, Janet, 40, 47, 87. 
Bradfutes, 97, 98. 
Breadock, 101. 
Brechin, Bishop of, 106. 
British Linen Bank, 59. 

„ „ Co., 18. 

„ regiments, various, 78, 79. 
Brodie, Deacon, 91. 
Brokie, John, 104. 
Broomlands, Roxburghshire, 74, 76. 



109 



Index. 



Brown, Dr Wm. L., 97, 102, 103. 

„ John, io, 99. 

„ or Ruddiman, Isabel, 36. 
Bruce, Alexr. and Jane, 99. 
Bruntbrae, 104. 

Buccleuch Church, Edinburgh, 65. 
Buchan, David, Earl of, 25. 
Buchanan, George, 8, 12, 24. 
„ of Drumakiln, 14. 

Burke, execution of, 61. 
Burnet, James, Lord Monboddo, 5. 
Burns, Robert, the poet, 32, 53. 

„ Wm., 105. 



Cairntowne, 2, 100. 
Caledonian Mercury, 9, 
Camden, 15. 

Campbell, Dr George, 102. 
Campbells, 99. 
Campbelltovvn, 99. 
Canongate, Edinburgh, 59. 
Carnatic, Nabob of the, 103. 
Castle Street, Edinburgh, 54, 74. 
Chapman, James, 104. 
Charles I., King, 2. 

,, 11., l-viu^, -. 

Charlotte Street, Edinburgh, 54. 

Christison, Walter, 8. 

Claremont Crescent, Edinburgh, 65. 

Clason, Rev. Patrick, 65. 

Clay family, 75. 

Clayfields, 38. 

Clelands Gardens, Edinburgh, 31. 

„ Zeards, Edinburgh, 31. 
Clerk, John, 8. 
Cochran, Thomas, 10. 
Colinton, 87. 
Colvil, James, 6. 
Cope, Gen., 13. 
Cornaro, Lewis, 46. 
Corryarrack, 13. 
Corstorphine, 88, 106. 

„ in Parkhill, xvii. 

Coult, Mr, 6. 

Couper, Wm., 28. 

Coventry, Mrs, 30. 

Cowgate, Edinburgh, 30. 

Craig, Sir William Gibson- 

Crambie, Patrick, 8. 

Crichton, 59. 

Crosbie, Mr, 4S. 

Cruickshank, Mr, 77. 

Cuil, 84, 99. 

Culloden, battle of, 13, 14. 

Cummyng, Mr, 52. 

Cupar, 8, 28. 

Dalavich, 99. 
Dalwhinnie, 13. 
I IO 



13,14, 15, 16, 18, 28,29, 55.S7- 



84. 



Dason, John and Walter, 39. 

Davidson, James, 9. 

Davidsone, Alexr., 8. 

Dalkeith, 8. 

Davy, Jean and Walter, 104. 

De Nune, 25. 

Denlugas, 104. 

Denovan's Directory of Edinburgh, 54. 

Derby, 13. 

Deveron, River, 4. 

Dick, Thomas, 11, 84, 85. 

Dickson, Rev. David, 61. 

„ Walter, 81. 
Douglas, Wm., 99. 
Drummond, Gavin, 89. 

„ Place, Edinburgh, 55, 70. 

Dublin Street, Edinburgh, 62. 
Duff, James, 9. 
Duffus, John, 101. 

„ or Ruddiman, Margaret, 101. 
Dunbar, 13. 
Duncan, Andrew, 7. 

„ Street, Edinburgh, 55, 69, 70, 80, 92. 
Duncanson or Ruddiman, Janet, 70, 72, 84, 87, 89, 92, 

99- 
Duncansons, 99. 
Dundas, Sir Lawrence, 41, 42. 
Dundee, 6. 

Dundonald Street, Edinburgh, 55, 70, 80. 
Dunkeld, 13. 
Dunmore, Earl of, 106. 
Dunn, John, 104. 
Dunoon, 99. 
Dunsyre, 97. 

Edinburgh, 2S, 97. 
Edinburgh Amusement, 41. 
Edinburgh Closes, 106-107. 
Edinburgh Directory, 61, 91. 

„ Evening Courant, 16, 54, 55. 

„ Magazine, 40, 49, 92, 108. 

Edinburgh, Tolbooth of, 29. 
Edmond, Dr Francis, 24. 
Elliot, Rt. Hon. Hugh, 81. 

„ Theodore Henry, 81. 
Ellisburn, 82. 

Elphinstone, Mr James, 15. 
Eriska, 13. 
Erskine, Ebenezar, 86. 

„ George, 10. 

„ James, 10. 

„ Lady Ann, 7. 

Fairholm, John, 87. 
Falconar, Samuel, 53. 
Falconer, Bishop, 94. 
Falkirk, battle of, 13. 
Fenton, Mrs, 92. 
Ferguson, Smith, 62. 



Index. 



Fergusson, Robert, poet, 46, 49, 52, 53, 80. 

Ferrier, Lieut.-Col. Hay, 78. 

Fifeshire, xvi. 

Findlater, Earl of, 2. 

Firfolds, 101. 

Fisher, John, 99. 

„ or Duncanson, Mary, 99. 
Fisherrow, 74, 76, 99, 108. 
Flanders, 77. 
Fleming, Mrs, 92. 

„ Robert, 87. 
Flint, David, 39. 
Forbes, Sir Wm., 93. 
Fordyce, xvii., 36. 
Forglen, xvii. 
Forrest, John, 7. 
Forrester, Sir Adam, 106. 
Forrester's Wynd, Edinburgh, 41, 46, 53, 54, 

106. 
Fort Augustus, 13. 
Foulis, Sir Jas., 87. 
Franks or Duncanson, Violet, 99. 
Fraser, Simon, of Beaufort, 5. 
Frederick Street, Edinburgh, 54, 70. 
Freebairn, Mr, 8, 84. 

Galloway, Bishop of, 106. 
Gamrie, xvii. 
Gardener, Mr, 31, 36. 
Garnock, Rev. Henry, 74, 76. 
Gask, Laird of, 32. 
Gayfield Square, Edinburgh, 62, 65. 
Geddes, Patrick, 107. 
Geddie, Wm., 28. 
Gellie, Patrick, in Rettie, 2. 
George II., King, 85. 
„ III., King, 63, 78. 
„ IV. Bridge, Edinburgh, 85, 107. 
„ IV., King, 80. 

„ Street, Edinburgh, 54, 55, 70, 108. 
Gill, Robert, 104. 
Glasgow, 13, 97, 99. 
Glassbeach, 99. 
Glenfinnan, 13. 
Gordon, John, 16, 87, 97. 
Grant, George, 37, 38. 
„ James, 11, 28, 29. 
„ John, 37, 84. 
Gray, Robert, 31, 32. 
Great King St., Edinburgh, 64, 65. 
Greenlaw, 101. 
Gregorie, Wm., 28. 

Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh, 6, 7, 9, 11, 16, 17, 29 
32, 47, 50, 54, 55, 62, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 79, 
80, 87, 88, 89, 94, 97, 102. 
„ Cemetery, Edinburgh, Ruddimans in, un- 

identified, 105. 
„ Church, Edinburgh, 7. 

Graham, artist, 102. 



Hackat, Margrat and William, 35, 37. 
Hacket, Walter, in Cairntowne, 2. 
Haddington, 10. 

Haldane, James and George, 74, 76. 
Hamilton or Ramsay, Bethia, 55. 

,. „ Jean, 55. 

Hants, 73. 
Hare, murderer, 61. 
Harper, Alexr., 59. 

„ Rev. Mr, 31. 
Harvey, Dr, 5. 

„ Robert, 103. 
Hay, George and Thomas, 86. 
Henry, Wm., 18. 
Heriot's Bridge, 12. 
High School, Edinburgh, 77, 107. 

„ St., Edinburgh, 107. 
Holland, xv., 60, 77, 78, 79. 
Home, George, 86. 
Hon. East India Co., 103. 
Horsbrugh or Ruddiman, Janet, 6, 9, 28, 89. 
„ Rev. John, 6. 

„ William, 6. 

Horseburgh, John, Sheriff-Clerk of Fife, 6. 
Hutton, Ann, 108. 

„ Anna, 92, 93. 

„ Janet (1752-1824), 86, 92. 

„ John (No. XXXI.), 18, 31, 79, 86, 87, 91, 92, 93, 
108. 
Margaret (i754), 70, 92- 

„ Walter, 92. 
Hume, David, 107. 
Hydrabad, 31. 

Imrie, Jo., 8, 28. 
Inch, Bridge of, 6. 
Inglis, Wm., 30, 31. 
Inverboyndie, 1. 
Inverary, 84, 99. 
Inverawe, 99. 
Inverness, 13. 
Inving, Agnes, xvii. 

James V., King, 106. 

„ VI., King, 1, 106. 
John's Coffee House, Edinburgh, 107. 
Johnson, Dr Samuel, 15, 18. 
Johnston, Andrew, 64, 93. 

„ Arthur, 12, 24. 

„ family, 66, 67. 

„ John, 92. 

„ Thomas Brumby, 34, 62, 64, 65. 
Wm., 65, 88. 
Jones, Sir William, 31. 

Kay, Rev. R., 59. 
Keegan, John, 62. 
Keith, Archibald, 65. 

„ or Johnston, Isobel, 64, 65, 104. 

Ill 



Index. 



Kellie, Countess of, 7. 

„ Earl of, 32. 
Kelso, 74, 76. 

Ker, John Ruddiman, — 1816 (No. XXV.), 59, 62, 73, 
76, 79, 80. 

„ Mary Louisa, 73. 

„ or Ruddiman, Lucy, 73, 76, 108. 

„ pedigree, 75. 
Kerr, William, 53. 

Kers of Morriston and Kersfield, 73, 75. 
Kersfield, 73. 
Kilberry, 99. 
Kilcalmonell, 99. 
Kilchattan, 99. 
Kilcrenan, 99. 
Kildaloig, 99. 
Kilmartin, 99. 
Kilmorich, 99. 
Kingedward, xvii. 
Kingorne, xvi. 

King's College, Aberdeen, 4, 98. 
Kyle, 84, 99. 

Laing, Dr David, 34. 

Lasswade, 88. 

Lauder, Mr, 12. 

Laurencekirk, 5. 

Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, 40, 41, 46, 79, 106, 107. 

Learmond, John, 97. 

Leechman, Principal, 97. 

Legertwood, 73. 

Leicester, 90. 

Leith Commercial Post, 54, 57. 

Leith Walk, Edinburgh, 34. 

Lemman, Isabel and William, 33. 

Leslie, James, 28. 

Letterkenny, 99. 

Liberton's Wynd, Edinburgh, 106. 

Liddall, Robert, 97. 

Linlithgow, 13. 

Linning, Rev. Thomas, 97. 

Literary Amusement, 49. 

Logan, George, 14, 15. 

London, 102, 103. 

Louson, James, 9. 

Lovat, Lord, 5. 

Love, John, 12, 15. 

„ Rev. David, 18. 
Lowson, Patrik, 9. 
Lumsden, James and Thomas, 101. 
Lyne, 6, 76. 

M'Call(?), Alexr., 10. 
McDougal, Catherine, 74. 

„ David, 76. 

M'Lavorine, Donald, 99. 
M'Lean, Alexr., 99. 
M'Rairde(P), Mairtene, 99. 
Mackay, Donald, 99. 
I 12 



Mackenzie, James, 86. 

„ John, of Delvine, 18. 

Lady, 30. 
„ or Ramsay, Margaret, 55. 

Mackerston, 74. 
Maclaurin, Mr, 48. 
Macmorran, Bailie, 107. 
Macmorran's Close, Edinburgh, 107. 
Madras, 81. 
Maestricht, 78. 
Mains, 97. 
Man, James, 15. 
Mansfield or Ramsay, Janet, 55. 
Mar, Earl of, 106. 

Marischal College, Aberdeen, 102, 103. 
Marnoch, xvii. 

Marshal, Rev. James, 62, 64. 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 15, 106. 
Masterton family, 80, 81. 
May field, 6. 

Meal Market, Edinburgh, 86, 92. 
Melville Paper Mill, 88, 91, 108. 
Melvin, James, 24. 
Mill, Alexr. and Janet, 82. 

„ David, 104. 
Miller, Archd., 10. 
Miln, John, 98. 
Milne, Alexr., 38, 82, 83. 

„ or Ruddiman, Isabel (No. XXVIII.), 2, 82, 83. 

„ Square, Edinburgh, 5. 
Mitchell, Mr, 14. 

„ or Ruddiman, Ann, 37, 38. 
Monboddo, Lord, 5. 
Moncrief, Sir Thomas, 19. 
Monquidder, Ruddimans in, unidentified, 105. 
Montblairy, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 101, 102. 
Moorden, 104. 
Morison, George, 4. 
Morrison, Frederick, 4. 
Morriston, 73, 75, 108. 
Morocco Close, Edinburgh, 9, 40, 107. 
Mossman, James, 106. 
Moultershill, Edinburgh, 31. 
Muirhouselaw, 76. 

Mullins or Johnston, Alice Matilda, 66. 
Multer's Hill, Edinburgh, 31. 
Munro, Mr, 31. 
Mure, James and Jean, 97. 
Musselburgh, 9, 74, 99. 
Muthil, 80. 

Naysmyth, Michael, 90. 
Netherlands, 61. 
New Maarseveen, 61. 
New Spalding Club, 103. 
Newbattle, 65. 
Newcastle, 76, 79. 
Newholm, 97. 
Newton, 35, 104. 



Index. 



Northumberland St., Edinburgh, 59, 70, 80. 

Oatness, 5. 

Obituary Notices, 108. 
Odness, 5. 
Ogilvie, James, 9 

„ Robert, 9 

„ Sir Patrick, of Boyne, 2. 
Ogilvy, Mr, of Haldavy, 2. 
Old Machar, 98. 
Ordens Station, 4. 
Ordiquhill, xvii. 
Orkney, 5. 
Oswald, William, 86, 88. 

„ Walter, 88. 

Panton, Agnes and James, 37. 

Parkhill, xvii., 104. 

Parkmill, 81. 

Parliament Close, Edinburgh, 6, 9, 12, 30, 107. 

„ Square, „ 6, 12, 93. 

Paterson, Walter, 35. 
Pathhead, 59. 
Paton, Mr, 6, 31. 
Perth, 13. 
Peter the Great, 7. 
Pettinane, 97. 
Pennycook, 88. 
Pilkington, A., 61. 
Pitcairn, Janet, 7. 
Pitcairne, Dr Archibald, 5, 6, 7. 
Pitt, George and Lucy, 73. 

„ Family, 75. 
Preston, Helen, 107. 
Prestonpans, Battle of, 13. 
Princes Street, Edinburgh, 60. 

Rae, Mr, 48. 

Raggal, or Rage!, or Ragell, 2, 4, 33. 

Ramsay, George, 55. 

„ or Stear, Christian, 55. 

Peter, 55. 
„ William, 55. 
Ratie, Reatie, or Rettie, I, 2. 
Reatty, 105. 
Redieman in Aberdeen, unidentified, 104. 

„ James, 104. 
Regiment, 84th, 103. 
Regiments, British, various, 78, 79. 

Register House, Edinburgh, 79, 80, 82, 84, 86, 87, 90, 101. 
Reid, Ann, Ruddiman, 94. 

„ George, 3, 87, 94. 
Renton, John, 74, 76. 
Rhoddens, 97. 
Richardson, John, 86. 
Riddles Close, Edinburgh, 79, 107. 
Rivers, George, Lord, 73. 
Robertson, George, 12, 37. 

„ John, 9, 18. 

Rodieman, John, 104. 
P 



Rolland, William, 9. 

Roseneath, 99. 

Rothes, John, Earl of, 8. 

Rothiemay, xvii. 

Rowe, Mrs Elizabeth, 57. 

Roxburghshire, 74. 

Royal Bank, Edinburgh, 69. 

Ruddiman, Agnes (No. III.), 2, 3, 4, 94. 

„ 1801-03, (No. XXIII.), 56, 72. 
„ Alison Steuart, 1802-84 (No. XXIV.), 34, 56, 

65, 7o, 72, 74, 81, 92- 
„ Archibald (son of No. IV.), 6. 

„ Christian, 1791-1854 (No. XX.), 56,65, 69, 70, 

72, 74, 81, 92. 
„ David Ramsay, 1804 (No. XIX.), 56, 69. 

„ Elizabeth (daughter of No. IV.), 6, 7. 

„ Elspet (daughter of No. IX.), 35, 36, 37. 

„ in Firfolds, 102. 

„ in Greenlaw, 101. 

„ in Sandley, Thomas, 39, 50, 98. 

„ in Springhill, 102. 

„ Jacob, Author, 105. 

James, 1640-1707 (No. II.), 1, 2, 3, 4, 82, 84, 94. 
„ 1680-1739 (No. VII.), 2, 33, 35, 36, 37, 

38, 39- 
„ (No. VIII.), 33, 35, 36, 37. 
„ „ (son of No. IV.), 11. 

„ ( „ No. XXIX.), 89. 
„ „ Stear, 1798-1836 (No. XVIII.), 56, 61, 

65, 69, 70. 
Janet, 1796 — (No. XXL), 56, 65, 70, 71, 74, 
81,92. 
„ 1761-1849 (No. XXVII.), 46, 51, 61, 70, 
72, 74, 80, 81. 
„ „ (daughter of No. X.), 37. 

John, —1744 (No. X.), 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39. 
„ — 1816 (No. XXV), 51, 54, 73, 76, 79, 

108. 
„ -1742 (No. XXVIIL), 2, 33, 82, 83, 101. 
„ Margaret (daughter of No. X.), 37, 38. 

( „ No. XXIX.), 89. 

„ Mansfield 1800-41 (No. XXIL), 56, 
64, 65, 70, 71, 74, 80. 
„ Mary Hay, 79. 

„ or Hutton, Anne, 1733-1810 (No. XXXI. ), 86, 

87, 89, 90, 9i, 93, i°8- 
„ or Johnston, Jane, 1817-92 (No. XV.), 61, 63, 

64, 69. 
or Reid, Helen (No. XXXI I.), 2, 3, 94. 
„ or Robertson, Isabel (daughter of No. X.), 33, 

37, 38. 
„ or Smith, Agnes, 100. 

„ Janet (No. XXX.), 86, 87, 89, 90. 
„ or Steuart, Alison, 1730- 1806 (No. VI.), II, 15, 

29, 3°, 32, 108. 
„ Robert, i68r, xvii. 

Thomas, 1674-1757 (No. IV), 1, 2, 3, 4, 27, 28, 
3°, 31, 39, 82, 84, 86, 87, 89, 94, 102, 
107, 10S. 

"3 



Index. 



Ruddiman, Thomas, 1714-47 (No. V.), 7, 11, 12, 15, 28, 29, 
30, 39, 108. 
„ „ (No. IX.), 33, 35, 36, 37, 3S. 

„ „ 1755-1825 (No. XII.), 46, 49, 5°, 5'> 

52, 56, 57, 59, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73' 
74, 76, 79, 80, 81, 108. 
„ „ 1 790- 1 839 (No. XIV.), 56, 59, 63, 64, 

69, 74, 81. 
„ „ (son of No. IV.), 6. 

„ „ Captain, 103. 

Walter, 1719-1781 (No. XL), 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 
5', 52, 53, 73, 77, 80, 97, 98, 101, 
106, 107. 
„ 1793-94 (No. XVI.), 56, 68. 
„ 1794-1813 (No. XVII.), 56, 68, 108. 
„ 1762-1823 (No. XXVI.), 51, 60, 76, 77, 
79, 107. 
„ „ 1687-1770 (No. XXIX.), 2, 6, 8, u, 12, 
15, 16, 18, 28, 30, 31, 39, 70, 72, 84, 

89, 90, 91, 92, 99, J°8. 
„ „ (son of No. XXIX.), 89. 
„ „ Lieut., xv. 

William (son of No. IV.), 7. 
„ ,, Doctor, xv., 16, 102, 103. 

„ „ Lieut., 103. 

„ „ Ramsay, 1788-1807 (No. XIII)., 56, 

57, 108. 
„ „ 1606, xvii. 

Ruddimans in Alvah, unidentified, 104. 
„ in Banff, „ 104. 

„ in Boyndie, „ 105. 

,, in Breadock, 101. 

„ in Cairntowne, 100. 

„ in Greyfriars Cemetery, Edinburgh, un- 

identified, 105. 
„ in Monquidder, unidentified, 105. 

,, in Sandlay or Sandlaw, 100, 101. 

„ in St. George's, unidentified, 105. 

„ in Tipperty, 101. 

Rudeman, Alexander, 1559, xvii. 
„ David, 1467-98, xvi. 

„ Duncan, 1442-59, xvi. 

„ Henry, 1526-29, xvi. 

Runciman the painter, 46. 
Russia, Peter, Emperor of, 7. 

Sage, Mr, 15. 

Sandburn, 104, 

Sandlay or Sandlaw, 100, 101. 

Sandley, 39. 

Scollay, Skolla, Scoulla, Edward of Odness, 5. 

„ „ „ or Ruddiman, Barbara, of Od- 

ness, 5, 6. 
Scot, William, 9. 

Scots Brigade, Holland, xv., 77, 79. 
Scots Magazine, 88. 
Scott, George, 86. 
„ R., 64. 
„ Sir William, 19. 
114 



Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 55. 

Selkirk, 99. 

Seymer Family, 75. 

Shepherd Family, 67. 

Signet Library, Edinburgh, 40. 

Simpson, James and Peter, 33. 

Simson, Andrew, 1, 2. 

„ or Ruddiman, Margaret, 1, 2. 

„ William, 1, 4, 6, 8. 
Sinclair, Bishop John, 106. 
Skakel, Alexander and Peter, 104. 
Smith, James, 35. 

„ or Ruddiman, Anne, 10, 11, 17, 18, 25, 30, 31, 87, 91. 

„ Peter, 100. 

„ Robert, 86, 87, 90. 

,, Thomas, 10, 11. 

„ William, 76. 
South Bridge Street, Edinburgh, 54, 73. 
Spottiswoode, Mr, 6, II. 
Springhill, 102. 
St Andrews, xvii. 

„ Kirk Parish, Edinburgh, 73. 

St. Cuthbert's Parish, Edinburgh, 59, 99. 
St. George's, Ruddimans in, unidentified, 105. 
St. Giles Church, Edinburgh, 106, 107. 
St. James' St., Edinburgh, 73. 

„ Square, Edinburgh, 73. 

St. Paul's, Carrubbers Close, Edinburgh, 73. 
Starbriggs or Starbridge, 4. 
Stear, James, 55. 

„ or Ruddiman, Jean, 54, 55, 56, 74. 
Steuart, Charles, 57, 72. 

„ James, 62, 72, 81, 89, 90, 93, 10S. 

„ Col. Thomas Ruddiman, 17. 

„ Family, 30-32. 

„ „ see Pedigree facing p. 30. 

Stevenson, Elizabeth, 5, 7. 
„ James, 67. 

„ Mrs Johnston, 62. 

„ Sir Archibald, 5. 

Stewart, Elizabeth, 30. 

„ George Drummond, 81. 

„ Major-General, 77, 78. 
Stirling, 13. 
Stobcross, 97. 

Stoddart, Mrs Bradfute, 97. 
Stonebridge, 101. 
Strathfieldsaye, 73. 
Stuart, Mrs, 31. 

„ Prince Charles Edward, 13, 14, 32. 

„ Prof. George, 18. 

„ Walter, 9. 
Stuarts, 99. 
Sutherland R. P., 34. 
Swinton, 73. 
Sydenham, 76. 
Sydeserf, Bishop, 106. 
Syme, William, 9. 
Symmers, Alex., 12. 



J 



Index. 



Taylor, James, 105. 

„ or Johnston, Sarah Maria, 67. 

„ Wm., 62. 
Teeting Hillock, 4. 
Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, 46, 80. 
Thistle Street, Edinburgh, 61, 64, 66, 
Thom or Ramsay, Agnes, 55. 
Thomson, Margaret, 104. 
Thornilee, 99. 

Thriepland or Torrance, Theresa, 31, 59. 
Tipperty, 101. 
Tobin Family, 67. 
Tod, Thomas, 10. 
Tolbooth Church, Edinburgh, 62, 64. 

„ Edinburgh, 106. 
Tooting Hillock, 4. 
Torrance or Ruddiman, Helen, 59, 62. 

Pedigree, 59. 
Town and Country Almanack, 54. 
Traill, T, 86. 

Tullibardine, Marquis of, 13, 14. 
Turner, William, 51. 

Utrecht, 61. 

Venus, Frigate, 108. 

Walker, Adam, 76. 

„ Rev. Robert, 18. 



Warriston, Cemetery, Edinburgh, 65. 
Watmore, Thomas, 76. 
Watson, Gilbert, 104. 
Watt, George, 76. 

„ or Ruddiman, Isabel, 100. 
Weekly Magazine, 41-45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 

108. 
Weekly Mercury, 48, 49, 50, 54. 
Weir, Robert, 86. 
Wellstoun, 97. 
West Kirk, Edinburgh, 61. 

„ Indies, 108. 
Whitaker or Johnston, Elizabeth Mary, 66. 
Whitehead or Johnston, Amelia Harriet, 66. 
Williamson, Peter, 107. 

„ William, 69. 

Williamson's Directory 0/ Edinburgh, 46, 53. 
Wish, Alexander and William, 104. 
Wood, Alexander, 7. 
Wright, James, 16, 87. 
Wright's Houses, Edinburgh, 59. 
Writers Court, Edinburgh, 30. 

Yarrow, 97. 

York, 60. 

Young, Alison, 30, 31. 

„ David and Robert of Auldbar, 5. 

„ or Baillie, James, 10. 

„ Robert, 10, 31. 



I I ■ 



The Ruddimans in Scotland. Appendix F. 



Appendix F. 



No. IV— THOMAS RUDD1MAN, 1674-1757. 

ON 2nd September 1904 I visited Gretna Green, and was most courteously received by 
the Rev. William Bell, minister of Graitney. In the course of conversation I re- 
ferred to my connection with the Ruddimans, and Mr Bell at once recalled the 
fact, that in the manuscripts of the Rev. James Gatt, now in his possession, he had seen 
some reference to Thomas Ruddiman. The manuscripts were produced, and in Vol. III., 
pages 34 and 35, the Latin acrostic and the following lines were found. Mr Bell kindly 
allowed me to photograph the pages, and the Latin has been correctly copied and translated 
by Mr T. H. Gurrin of London. 

According to Hew Scott's Fasti Ecclesice Scoticance, the Rev. James Gatt was a native 
of Cullen, and having a knowledge of Gaelic, he was recommended by the General 
Assemblies, 22nd May 1722, and 17th May 1723, and was given an Exchequer bursary. 
As Mr Gatt possessed classical attainments of a superior order, he delighted in Latin 
versification, and on receiving the allowance from Government he wrote a Latin poem 
yearly. He studied theology under Professor Hamilton at Edinburgh University, and was 
licenced by the Presbytery of Linlithgow, 30th August 1727. On 17th November 1729 he 
was presented to Graitney by David, Viscount Stormont, and was ordained assistant and 
successor, 30th April 1730. He was born 1699, and died, the father of the Synod, 31st 
October 1787. He married Jean, daughter of the Rev. James Gowanlock, minister of 
Kirkpatrick-Fleming. She died 10th February 1786, aged 86. 

In the following pages will be found correct copies and translations of pages 34 and 
35 of Vol. III. of Mr Gatt's MSS. and a photograph of page 34 is inserted. 

G. H. J. 



The Ruddimans in Scotland. Appendix F. 



Liber III tius (34). 

ACROSTICHIS AD MAGISTRUM THOMAM RUDIMANNUM 

ANNO DOMINI 1724. . 

1 M usa quiesce, precor, dudum torpore sepulta ; 

A urea serta vocas spe frustra aut Laurea ; sensi : 

G Loria at exulto gentis praecLara Boinae ; 

I n quantum emicuit ! Doctas quot flammifer oras 
5 S ol gemma rutilante beat, nitidissima fama 

T ot minime rudis est Rudimanni didita terris. 

E ximias opulenta stupet vicinia dotes 

R espiciens Ruphandre tuas ; teque invidet omnis 

T erra Caledoniis, merito ; Buchananus ut alter, 
10 H orridula veterum pulsa stribligine prorsus, 

bseptam squalore tetro tu Philologiam 

M ellifluam revocas, magnae spes altera Romae : 
A cceptum indubie referent tibi sera nepotum 
S ecula quod Scotis Augusta en nascitur aetas ; 

15 R ursus ab integro, Buchanani, cujus opimos 

U beris ingenii faetus tu jam redivivos 
D as pulchris ornando typis, queis Plantiniani 

1 udice me cedent ; tua tersa proaemia cunctos 
M iraclo stupidos defigunt, ut nihil ultra. 

20 A uricomam tendente facem te, Roma patescit : 

N ulli non opera et tua nunc dignissima cedro 

N ota prius paucis pandunt mysteria Linguae 

U triusque ; novis -©- macte-©- virtutibus esto : — 
24 S ublimis memori Doctrina sacrabitur aevo. 

[Note.— On the top of the page Rudimannus is explained: Rudi-man, Greek. 'PvfrwSpov', Ruphandron, is 
probably a modern Ruthven. Line 23 is a correction : the first O is struck out by the first writer, the second O 
corrected by the copist, the verse is correct by leaving out both.] 



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The Ruddimans in Scotland. Appendix F. 



TRANSLATION. 



Book III (34). 

AN ACROSTIC TO THE MASTER THOMAS RUDDIMAN. 

A.D. 1724. 

Be still, oh Muse, I pray, — of late in torpor wrapt, 

In vain hope callest thou for golden or laurel wreaths, 

But I rejoice in the dazzling glory of the people of Boyndie 

How greatly has it shone forth. 

As often as the radiant sun blesses the cultured shores with 

his shining orb, so often at least is the most brilliant 

fame of Ruddiman spread forth in uncultured lands. 

Wealthy regions around are amazed beholding thy choice gifts, 

Ruphandros, and all Caledonia justly envies thee ; like a second 

Buchanan, having utterly expelled the coarse solecism of the 

old school, thou another hope of mighty Rome dost revive her 

mellifluous language hitherto clogged in foul mire. 

Later generations will doubtless give credit to thee that to 

the Scots, lo ! there has again arisen an illustrious age with 

Buchanan's vigour renewed the plenteous outcome of whose fruitful 

genius thou now givest forth, adorning it with fair type 

to which, in my judgment, Plantins yields the palm ; thy terse 

proems strike all with wonder at the miracle as can nothing else. 

As thou stretchest forth thy golden-haired torch, Rome is lighted up. 

Thy illustrious works, most worthy of immortality, now unfold 

the mysteries of both tongues erstwhile known to few. 

Hail to thee for thy new virtues ! 

Thy sublime learning will be immortalised by a mindful posterity. 



The Ruddimans in Scotland. Appendix F. 



Liber III*'"- (35). 

Ecce ego qui curis conflector edacibus, hasce 

Nugas mitto tibi compatriota tuus 
Imis te exposco precibus, ne munera temnas 

Conatum Laudes prorsus acumen abest 
Quot sunt errores, totidem mihi crede dolores 

Obstrepuit dolor ; at carmina cudit amor 
Jacobus memini Gilbertus doctus amicus 

(Qui mihi dum vivo certo colendus erit) 
Me comite invisurum temet, si forte vacarel 

Pollicitus semel est anteriore hyeme, 
Mira caneus de te, cujus preclara per orbem 

Fama volat nullo demeritura die 
Nausea ne obrepat tibi, desino, parcito mendis ; 

Versus cum calamo provolitante fluunt 
Hcec raptim male nata Licet, ne sperne, referto ast 

Me juvenum in censum queis Rudimanne faves. 



TRANSLATION. 



Book III. (35). 

Behold thy countryman, torn by consuming cares, 

sends thee these trifles. 
I with humblest prayers implore thee not to despise the 

gifts ; praise the effort though wit be lacking. 
As many as are the errors, so many are my regrets. 

Pain hath distracted ; love have verses wi ought. 
I remember James Gilbert, the learned friend 

(who will ever be revered by me while I live), 
Once promised last winter to pay thee a visit in my company 

if haply there should be leisure, 
Singing wonders of thee whose illustrious fame flies through 

the world never to decrease, 
I desist lest weariness should seize thee, pardon the faults 

as the verses run from a flying pen. 
Despise not these lines hastily or indeed badly produced, but 

hold me in the ranks of those youths whom thou, 
Oh Rudiman, favourest. 




mm